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- Fungal arthritis facts
- What is fungal arthritis?
- What causes fungal arthritis?
- What are risks for developing fungal arthritis?
- What are fungal arthritis symptoms and signs?
- How is fungal arthritis diagnosed?
- How is fungal arthritis treated?
- What is the prognosis of fungal arthritis?
- Can fungal arthritis be prevented?
Fungal arthritis facts
- Fungal arthritis is inflammation of a joint by a fungus microorganism that has invaded the body and is growing in the normally sterile joint.
- Fungal arthritis can be caused by the spread of fungus through the bloodstream or by directly inserting fungus into a joint.
- Fungal arthritis in people with normal immune systems is rare.
- Symptoms of fungal arthritis include pain, heat, swelling, warmth, redness, and loss of range of motion of the affected joint.
- Fungal arthritis is diagnosed by analyzing affected joint fluid.
- Fungal arthritis is treated with antibiotics that are directed against the precise fungal microbe that is causing the joint infection.
- The outlook for fungal arthritis is directly related to how much damage occurs to the cartilage and bone of the joint. Earlier treatment leads to optimal outcomes.
What is fungal arthritis?
Fungal arthritis is inflammation of a joint by a fungus microorganism that has invaded the body and is growing in the normally sterile joint. Fungal infection of a joint is a serious condition that can lead to permanent damage to the joint with loss of function.
What causes fungal arthritis?
Fungal arthritis is usually caused by the fungus traveling through the bloodstream to reside in the joint. This manner of infection through the blood is referred to as hematogenous spread.
Alternatively, if medication that is contaminated by fungus is directly injected into the joint, fungal arthritis can result. This manner of infection by directly injecting the fungus into the joint is referred to as exogenous inoculation. Rarely, fungal infection can result from a contaminated prosthesis used in joint replacement surgery.
Fungal organisms that can cause fungal arthritis include Candida, Aspergillus, and Exserohilum species.