Foot Problems (Diabetes) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Foot Problems (Diabetes). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Foot Problems (Diabetes) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Cellulitis Cellulitis is an acute spreading bacterial infection below the surface of the skin characterized by redness, warmth,...learn more »
  • Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Staphylococcus or Staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness...learn more »
  • Corns Corns and calluses are sometimes painful areas of thickened skin that appear between the toes and fingers or on the soles of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corns Article
    • Corns and calluses facts
    • What are corns and calluses?
    • What causes corns and calluses to develop?
    • What are risk factors for corns and calluses?
    • What are symptoms and signs of corns and calluses?
    • How are corns and calluses diagnosed?
    • How can corns and calluses be treated? Are there home remedies for corns and calluses?
    • When should someone seek professional treatment for corns or calluses?
    • What is the prognosis for corns and calluses?
    • How can corns and calluses be prevented?
  • Athlete's Foot Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by the ringworm fungus. Symptoms include itching, burning, cracking,...learn more »
  • Warts (Common Warts) Common warts are skin growths causes by the human papillomavirus. There are many types of warts, including plantar warts, common...learn more »
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Fungal Nails Fungal nails (onychomycosis) may be caused by many species of fungi but the most common is Trichophyton rubrum. Distal subungal...learn more »
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
  • Ingrown Toenail Ingrown toenails are caused by the growth of the toenail into the surrounding nail fold. Symptoms include toe pain, swelling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ingrown Toenail Article
    • Ingrown toenail facts
    • What are ingrown toenails?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of an ingrown toenail?
    • What causes ingrown toenails?
    • Are some people more prone to ingrown toenails?
    • Which nails are most commonly affected by ingrown toenails?
    • What causes infections in ingrown toenails?
    • How do physicians diagnose an ingrown toenail?
    • What are possible complications of ingrown toenails?
    • How do people treat an ingrown toenail at home?
    • When should someone seek medical treatment for an ingrown toenail?
    • What kind of doctor treats ingrown toenails?
    • What is the treatment for ingrown toenails?
    • What types of nail surgery are used for ingrown toenails?
    • How can people prevent ingrown toenails from recurring?
    • Ingrown toenail do's
    • Ingrown toenail dont's
    • What is the prognosis for an ingrown toenail?
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
    • Peripheral vascular disease facts
    • What is peripheral vascular disease?
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • How does atherosclerosis cause disease?
    • What are potential complications of peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the other causes of peripheral vascular diseases?
    • Who is at risk for peripheral artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of peripheral artery disease?
    • How is peripheral artery disease diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for peripheral artery disease?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Supervised exercise
    • Medications
    • Angioplasty
    • Surgery
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Hyperglycemia Hyperglycemia is a serious health problem for diabetics. There are two types of hyperglycemia, 1) fasting, and 2)postprandial or...learn more »
  • Gestational Diabetes Gestational diabetes is a condition that is first recognized during pregnancy and is characterized by high blood sugar....learn more »
    In This Article
    Gestational Diabetes Article
    • What is gestational diabetes?
    • What causes gestational diabetes?
    • What are risk factors for gestational diabetes?
    • What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
    • How is gestational diabetes diagnosed?
    • What are the consequences of gestational diabetes for the baby and mother?
    • What is the treatment for gestational diabetes?
    • Is there a special diet for a woman with gestational diabetes?
    • Can gestational diabetes be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for gestational diabetes?
  • Bunions The common bunion, an enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe, primarily affects women. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bunions Article
    • Bunions facts
    • What are bunions?
    • What are the causes of bunions?
    • Who develops bunions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bunion?
    • How is a bunion diagnosed?
    • How are bunions treated? Are there home remedies to treat bunions?
    • Can bunions be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a bunion?
  • Diabetic Neuropathy Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes that causes damage to the nerves; this is related to the blood glucose of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetic Neuropathy Article
    • Diabetic neuropathy facts
    • What is diabetic neuropathy?
    • What are the types of diabetic neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diabetic neuropathy?
    • How is diabetic neuropathy diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for diabetic neuropathy?
    • What are self-care measures to help relieve diabetic neuropathy?
    • Can diabetic neuropathy be prevented?
  • Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteomyelitis Article
    • Osteomyelitis facts
    • What is osteomyelitis?
    • What causes osteomyelitis?
    • What are osteomyelitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteomyelitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteomyelitis?
    • What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
  • Dry Skin Dry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Skin Article
    • Dry skin facts
    • What is dry skin?
    • What causes dry skin?
    • What are signs and symptoms of dry skin?
    • How is dry skin diagnosed?
    • Does dry skin cause winter itch?
    • Do genetics play a role in dry skin?
    • What medical conditions cause dry skin?
    • Do any medications cause dry skin?
    • What is the treatment for dry skin?
    • What are possible complications of dry skin?
    • What are some home remedies for dry skin?
    • How can dry skin be prevented?
    • What are the best products for dry skin?
  • Claudication Intermittent claudication, or pain and cramping in the lower leg is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles. This lack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Claudication Article
    • What is claudication?
    • What causes claudication?
    • What are the symptoms of claudication?
    • Why does claudication come and go?
    • What can cause the artery narrowing that leads to claudication?
    • Who typically is affected by claudication?
    • What are the risk factors for claudication and peripheral vascular disease?
    • How is claudication diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for claudication?
    • Can claudication be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and treatment for patients with intermittent claudication?
  • Gangrene Gangrene may result when blood flow to a tissue is lost or not adequate to keep the tissue alive. There are two types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gangrene Article
    • Gangrene facts
    • What is gangrene?
    • What is the difference between wet and dry gangrene?
    • What causes gangrene?
    • What are gangrene symptoms and signs?
    • How is gangrene diagnosed?
    • How is gangrene treated?
    • How can gangrene be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for a patient with gangrene?
  • Diabetes Treatment The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar....learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes Treatment Article
    • Diabetes treatment facts
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Medications for type 2 diabetes
    • Meglitinides (Prandin and Starlix)
    • Sulfonylureas
    • Metformin (Glucophage)
    • Canagliflozin (Invokana) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga)
    • Thiazolidinediones: pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia)
    • Acarbose (Precose)
    • Pramlintide (Symlin)
    • Exenatide (Byetta)
    • Liraglutide (Victoza)
    • Long-acting exenatide (Bydureon)
    • Albiglutide (Tanzeum)
    • Dulaglutide (Trulicity)
    • DPP-IV inhibitors (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin)
    • Combination medications
    • Treatment of diabetes with insulin
    • Different methods of delivering insulin
    • Diabetes diet
    • The future of pancreas transplantation
  • Diabetic Diet A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetic Diet Article
    • Diabetes diet facts*
    • Eating and Diabetes
    • Diabetes and Blood Glucose Levels
    • Your Diabetes Medicines
    • Diabetes and Exercise
    • Diabetes and Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
    • Diabetes and the Food Pyramid
    • How much should I eat each day?
    • Starches
    • Vegetables
    • Fruits
    • Milk
    • Meat and Meat Substitutes
    • Fats and Sweets
    • Diabetes and Your Meal Plan
    • Diabetes and Measuring Your Food
    • When You Are Sick
    • How to Find More Help
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Type 2 Diabetes People with type 2 diabetes still produce insulin, but it is not adequate for their body's needs. Causes of type 2 diabetes are a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Type 2 Diabetes Article
    • Type 2 diabetes facts
    • What is type 2 diabetes?
    • What is the difference between type 2 and type 1 diabetes?
    • What causes type 2 diabetes?
    • What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
    • What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
    • How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for type 2 diabetes?
    • Do people with type 2 diabetes have to take insulin?
    • Type 2 diabetes medications
    • Type 2 diabetes diet
    • Exercise for type 2 diabetes
    • What are the complications of type 2 diabetes?
    • What if I have type 2 diabetes and become pregnant?
    • Can type 2 diabetes be prevented?
    • What is the life-expectancy for someone with type 2 diabetes?
  • Diabetes Prevention The risks for developing type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnicity, birth weight, metabolic syndrome, and obesity....learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes Prevention Article
    • Type 2 diabetes prevention facts
    • Introduction to diabetes prevention
    • What is type 2 diabetes?
    • What are the risks factors for developing diabetes?
    • What "red flags" or symptoms point to an increased risk for diabetes?
    • Is gestational diabetes a risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life?
    • Diabetes prevention and diet
    • Is there anything that can help to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes?
    • Are there medications that can help to prevent type 2 diabetes?
  • Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease with no known cause at this time. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are frequent urination,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Type 1 Diabetes Article
    • Type 1 diabetes facts
    • What is type 1 diabetes?
    • What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
    • What causes type 1 diabetes?
    • What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
    • What are the risk factors for type 1 diabetes?
    • How is type 1 diabetes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for type 1 diabetes?
    • What role does insulin play in type 1 diabetes?
    • Is there a type 1 diabetes diet?
    • What about exercise and type 1 diabetes?
    • What if I have type 1 diabetes and become pregnant?
    • What are the complications of type 1 diabetes?
    • Can type 1 diabetes be prevented?
    • What is the life-expectancy for someone with type 1 diabetes?
  • Diabetes: Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes: Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home Article
    • Diabetes home care management facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Exercise therapy for diabetes
    • Diet therapy for diabetes
    • Diabetes and drug therapy
    • How is diabetic treatment monitored at home?
    • Blood glucose reagent strips
    • Blood glucose meters
    • Urine glucose tests
    • Tests for urinary ketones
    • Blood glucose
    • Continuous glucose sensors (CGMS)
    • Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) testing
  • Type 2 Diabetes Medications (Oral) Type 2 diabetes oral medications are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes in conjuction with lifestyle changes like diet and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Type 2 Diabetes Medications (Oral) Article
    • What are type 2 oral diabetes medications?
    • What are the types of type 2 oral diabetes medications?
    • What are examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications available in the US?
    • What are examples of combination type 2 oral diabetes medications?
    • What are the side effects of type 2 oral diabetes medications?
    • What drugs interact with type 2 oral diabetes medications?
    • What formulations of type 2 oral diabetes medications are available?
    • What about taking type 2 oral diabetes medications during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
  • Diabetes Diet (Type 2) A type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes Diet (Type 2) Article
    • What is type 2 diabetes?
    • What are nutrition basics for a type 2 diabetic diet?
    • What is glycemic index and glycemic load?
    • 5 diabetes superfoods
    • What types of diets or eating patterns are best for people with type 2 diabetes?
    • Vegetarian diets
    • ADA Diabetes Diet
    • Paleo diet
    • Mediterranean diet
    • What foods should be included in a type 2 diabetes meal plan?
    • What foods should be excluded in a type 2 diabetes meal plan?
    • Can I drink alcohol if I have type 2 diabetes?
    • How can I make healthier choices when eating out?
  • Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times Taking care of a disease such as diabetes is a life-long process. Learn how to care for yourself or loved one with diabetes in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times Article
    • Introduction
    • When You Are Sick
    • When You're at School or Work
    • When You're Away from Home
    • When There's and Emergency or Natural Disaster
    • When You're Planning a Pregnancy
    • People Who Can Help You
    • Other Helpful Tips to Control Your Diabetes