Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Index

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Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a procedure used to examine the lower colon and rectum. Flexible sigmoidoscopy can investigate the possible cause of rectal bleeding, bowel changes, and symptoms such as rectal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. During the procedure a biopsy of tissue can be taken for further examination, or polyps may be removed.


    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch....learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Itching Article
      • Anal itching facts
      • What is anal itching?
      • What causes anal itching?
      • What are additional symptoms associated with anal itching?
      • What kind of doctor treats anal itching?
      • How is the cause of anal itching diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for anal itching?
      • Local anesthetics
      • Vasoconstrictors
      • Protectants
      • Astringents
      • Antiseptics
      • Keratolytics
      • Analgesics
      • Corticosteroids
      • What if anal itching persists?
    • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes include anal fissures,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
      • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
      • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
      • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • Anal fissures
      • Hemorrhoids
      • Diverticulitis
      • Colon cancer and polyps
      • Angiodysplasias
      • Colitis and proctitis
      • Meckel's diverticulum
      • Polypectomy
      • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
      • What kind of doctor treats rectal bleeding?
      • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
      • History and physical examination
      • Anoscopy
      • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
      • Colonoscopy
      • Radionuclide scans
      • Visceral angiogram
      • Video capsule and small intestine enteroscopy
      • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
      • Nasogastric tube aspiration
      • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
      • Blood tests
      • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
      • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Anal Fissure An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining of the anus. Pain and/or rectal bleeding during bowel movements are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Fissure Article
      • Anal fissures facts
      • What are anal fissures?
      • What causes anal fissures?
      • What are the symptoms of anal fissures?
      • How are anal fissures diagnosed and evaluated?
      • What is the treatment for anal fissures?
      • General treatment and home remedies for anal fissures
      • Prescription medications for anal fissures
      • Surgical treatment for anal fissures
      • Personal observation
    • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis,
      Diverticular Disease)
      Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
    • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
    • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colon Cancer Article
      • Colon cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
      • What are the causes of colon cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
      • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
      • How can colon cancer be prevented?
      • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
      • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?

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Terms related to Flexible Sigmoidoscopy:

  • Sigmoidoscopy