Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Index

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Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a procedure used to examine the lower colon and rectum. Flexible sigmoidoscopy can investigate the possible cause of rectal bleeding, bowel changes, and symptoms such as rectal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. During the procedure a biopsy of tissue can be taken for further examination, or polyps may be removed.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
      In This Article
      Constipation Article
      • Constipation facts
      • What is constipation?
      • What causes constipation?
      • Medications that cause constipation
      • Other causes of constipation
      • What are constipation symptoms?
      • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
      • What treatments are available for constipation?
      • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
      • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
      • Other treatments for constipation
      • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
      • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
      • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
    • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. ...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Itching Article
      • What is anal itching?
      • What causes anal itching?
      • How is anal itching treated?
      • Local anesthetics
      • Vasoconstrictors
      • Protectants
      • Astringents
      • Antiseptics
      • Keratolytics
      • Analgesics
      • Corticosteroids
      • What if anal itching persists?
    • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
      • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
      • What is diverticulosis?
      • What is diverticulitis?
      • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
      • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
      • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
      • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
      • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
      • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
      • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
      • What can be done to prevent diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
    • Anal Fissure An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining of the anus. Pain and/or rectal bleeding during bowel movements are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Fissure Article
      • Anal fissures facts
      • What are anal fissures?
      • What causes anal fissures?
      • What are the symptoms of anal fissures?
      • How are anal fissures diagnosed and evaluated?
      • How are anal fissures treated?
    • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diarrhea Article
      • Diarrhea facts
      • What is diarrhea?
      • How is diarrhea defined?
      • Why does diarrhea develop?
      • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
      • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
      • Viral gastroenteritis
      • Food poisoning
      • Traveler's diarrhea
      • Bacterial enterocolitis
      • Parasites
      • Drugs
      • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
      • What are the complications of diarrhea?
      • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
      • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
      • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
      • What is the treatment for diarrhea?
      • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
    • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colon Cancer Article
      • Colon cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
      • What are the causes of colon cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
      • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
      • How can colon cancer be prevented?
      • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
      • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?

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Terms related to Flexible Sigmoidoscopy:

  • Sigmoidoscopy