Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Index

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Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a procedure used to examine the lower colon and rectum. Flexible sigmoidoscopy can investigate the possible cause of rectal bleeding, bowel changes, and symptoms such as rectal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. During the procedure a biopsy of tissue can be taken for further examination, or polyps may be removed.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Article
      • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis facts
      • What is diverticulosis?
      • What is diverticulitis?
      • What causes diverticula and how do diverticula form?
      • What are diverticulitis symptoms?
      • Is there a special diet or digestive supplement that can treat or prevent diverticulitis symptoms?
      • What are the more serious complications of diverticulitis?
      • How are the diagnosis of diverticulitis and diverticulosis made?
      • What is the treatment for diverticulitis and diverticulosis?
      • Medical treatment of diverticulitis and diverticulosis
      • Surgical treatment for diverticulitis
    • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. ...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Itching Article
      • Anal itching facts
      • What is anal itching?
      • What causes anal itching?
      • What are additional symptoms associated with anal itching?
      • What is the treatment for anal itching?
      • Local anesthetics
      • Vasoconstrictors
      • Protectants
      • Astringents
      • Antiseptics
      • Keratolytics
      • Analgesics
      • Corticosteroids
      • What if anal itching persists?
    • Anal Fissure An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining of the anus. Pain and/or rectal bleeding during bowel movements are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anal Fissure Article
      • Anal fissures facts
      • What are anal fissures?
      • What causes anal fissures?
      • What are the symptoms of anal fissures?
      • How are anal fissures diagnosed and evaluated?
      • What is the treatment for anal fissures?
      • General treatment and home remedies for anal fissures
      • Prescription medications for anal fissures
      • Surgical treatment for anal fissures
      • Personal observation
    • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diarrhea Article
      • Diarrhea facts
      • What is diarrhea?
      • What is the definition of diarrhea?
      • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
      • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
      • Traveler's diarrhea
      • Viral gastroenteritis
      • Bacterial enterocolitis
      • Food poisoning
      • Parasites
      • Drugs
      • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
      • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
      • How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed?
      • What home remedies help the symptoms of diarrhea?
      • What medications are used to treat diarrhea?
      • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
      • What are the complications of diarrhea?
      • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
      In This Article
      Constipation Article
      • Constipation facts
      • What is constipation?
      • What causes constipation?
      • Medications that cause constipation
      • Other causes of constipation
      • What are constipation symptoms?
      • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
      • What treatments are available for constipation?
      • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
      • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
      • Other treatments for constipation
      • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
      • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
      • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
    • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes include anal fissures,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
      • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) facts
      • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
      • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • Anal fissures
      • Hemorrhoids
      • Diverticulitis
      • Colon cancer and polyps
      • Angiodysplasias
      • Colitis and proctitis
      • Meckel's diverticulum
      • Polypectomy
      • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
      • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
      • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
      • History and physical examination
      • Anoscopy
      • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
      • Colonoscopy
      • Radionuclide scans
      • Visceral angiogram
      • Video capsule and small intestine enteroscopy
      • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
      • Nasogastric tube aspiration
      • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
      • Blood tests
      • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
      • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?

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Terms related to Flexible Sigmoidoscopy:

  • Sigmoidoscopy