First Aid Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of First Aid. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of First Aid or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Chiggers Chiggers are a mite belonging to the Trombiculidae family. Chiggers are most commonly found in grassy fields, gardens, parks,...learn more »
  • Rash The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rash Article
    • Rash facts
    • What are the causes, symptoms, and signs of common noninfectious rashes?
    • How are common skin rashes diagnosed?
    • Scaly patches of skin produced by fungal or bacterial infection
    • What is the treatment for a rash?
  • Broken Toe A broken toe is one of the most common fractures among individuals. There are many causes of a broken toe, whether it is the big...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Toe Article
    • Broken toe facts
    • Introduction to broken toe
    • What are the causes of a broken toe?
    • What are the symptoms of a broken toe?
    • What are the possible complications of a broken toe?
    • When should I call a doctor about a broken toe?
    • How is a broken toe diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken toe?
    • Caring for a broken toe at home
    • Medical treatment
    • Other therapy (reduction, buddy taping, how to tape a broken toe, casting)
    • What is the outlook for a broken toe?
  • Heat Rash Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Rash Article
    • Heat rash facts
    • What is heat rash?
    • What are the causes of heat rash?
    • What are the symptoms of heat rash in children and adults?
    • Who is at risk for heat rash?
    • What does heat rash look like?
    • Heat rash pictures
    • How is heat rash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat rash?
    • Home remedies for heat rash
    • Medical treatment for heat rash
    • How can heat rash be prevented?
    • How effective are electric fans in preventing heat rash?
    • How can people protect their health when temperatures are extremely high?
    • How much water should I drink in hot weather?
    • Should I take salt tablets during hot weather?
    • What is the best clothing for hot weather or a heat wave?
    • What is the prognosis for heat rash?
  • Appendicitis Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis often causes fever, loss of appetite, and right lower quadrant...learn more »
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Itching Article
    • Itch facts
    • What is an itch?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
    • What causes itching?
    • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
    • Should I scratch the itch?
    • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
    • What are oral itch treatments?
    • Can itching be prevented?
    • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
    • What are possible complications of itching?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
  • Nosebleed Nosebleed is common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. Individual taking blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nosebleed Article
    • Nosebleed facts
    • What causes nosebleeds?
    • How do you stop the common nosebleed?
    • How do you prevent the nose from bleeding again?
    • What precautions can you take to prevent nose bleeding?
    • When should you call your doctor or go to an emergency room?
    • What should I do if the doctor has placed nasal packs?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) The majority of spiders in the United States are harmless. Two exceptions include the black widow spider and the brown recluse...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) Article
    • Spider bites facts
    • What are the symptoms of spider bites?
    • Black widow spider bite symptoms (picture of black widow)
    • Brown recluse spider bite symptoms (picture of brown recluse spider)
    • Are spider bites dangerous?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a spider?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider?
  • Broken Finger The hand has several bones to include the wrist, palm, and fingers. Fingers are the most commonly injured part of the hand. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Finger Article
    • Broken finger facts
    • Broken finger introduction
    • What are the causes of a broken finger?
    • What are the symptoms of a broken finger?
    • When should I see a doctor for a broken finger?
    • How is a broken finger diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken finger?
    • What are the complications of a broken finger?
    • How can a broken finger be prevented?
  • Broken Foot There are several bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of ways. Falling from heights,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Foot Article
    • Broken foot facts
    • What is the structure of the foot?
    • What are the causes of a broken foot?
    • Pictures of the bones in the foot
    • What are the symptoms of a broken foot?
    • When should I call the doctor for foot pain?
    • How is a broken foot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken foot?
    • What are the complications of a broken foot?
    • Can a broken foot be prevented?
  • Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Cuts, scrapes, and puncture wounds are common, and most people will experience one of these in their lifetime. Evaluating the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds Article
    • Cuts, scrapes (abrasions), and puncture wounds facts
    • What is the best first aid for a cut or scrape?
    • Who should seek medical care for a cut?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a wound infection?
    • How are puncture wounds different?
    • Will I need a tetanus shot for a cut, scrape, or puncture wound?
  • Food Poisoning Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The most common form of food poisoning is caused by bacteria and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Poisoning Article
    • Food poisoning facts
    • What is food poisoning?
    • What are the types of food poisoning?
    • What are the causes of food poisoning?
    • Short incubation or less than 16 to 24 hours
    • Intermediate incubation from about 1 to 3 days
    • Long incubation 3 to 5 days
    • Very long incubation up to a month
    • What are the signs and symptoms of food poisoning?
    • Are food poisoning and stomach flu the same thing?
    • When should the doctor be called for food poisoning?
    • How is food poisoning diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for food poisoning?
    • Are there any home remedies for food Poisoning?
    • How long does food poisoning last?
    • What are the complications of food poisoning?
    • How can food poisoning be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for food poisoning?
  • Bee and Wasp Sting Bees, wasps, and fire ants are related insects that belong to the Hymenoptera order. There are thousands of species of wasps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bee and Wasp Sting Article
    • Bee and wasp sting facts
    • Insect stings overview
    • What are the types of wasps?
    • What are the types of bees?
    • What are causes of bee and wasp stings?
    • What are the symptoms of a bee or wasp sting?
    • When should I call a doctor about a bee or wasp sting?
    • How is a bee or wasp sting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bee or wasp sting?
    • What are the complications of a bee or wasp sting?
    • How can I prevent a bee or wasp sting?
  • Shingles Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other symptoms include headache, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles Article
    • Shingles facts
    • What is shingles? What does shingles look like?
    • What causes shingles?
    • What are risk factors for shingles?
    • What is the contagious period for shingles?
    • What are shingles symptoms and signs?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles?
    • Are there any home remedies for shingles?
    • What is the duration of a shingles outbreak?
    • What are complications of shingles?
    • What can be done for recurrent shingles?
    • What is the prognosis of shingles?
    • Is it possible to prevent shingles with a vaccine?
  • Concussion Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Concussion Article
    • What is concussion and what causes concussion?
    • What are the types of concussion?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of concussion?
    • How is concussion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for concussion?
    • How can concussion be prevented?
    • What is the future of concussion?
  • Heat Exhaustion Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Exhaustion Article
    • Heat exhaustion definition and facts
    • What is heat exhaustion?
    • What causes heat exhaustion?
    • Who is at risk for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for heat exhaustion?
    • How is heat exhaustion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the complications of heat exhaustion?
    • How can heat exhaustion be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for heat exhaustion?
  • Heat Stroke Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Stroke Article
    • Heat stroke facts
    • What is, and who is at risk for heat stroke?
    • What are heat stroke symptoms and signs?
    • What about heat stroke in children?
    • How do you treat a heat stroke victim?
    • How can heat stroke be prevented?
  • Burns (First Aid) Burns are categorized by severity as first, second, or third degree. First degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burns (First Aid) Article
    • Introduction to burns
    • How are burns classified?
    • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned?
    • How important is the location of a burn?
    • What about electrical burns?
    • What about chemical burns?
    • First aid for burns
  • Shock (Medical) Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, septic shock, anaphylactic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shock (Medical) Article
    • Shock facts
    • What is shock?
    • What are the types of shock?
    • What are the causes of shock?
    • What are the symptoms of shock?
    • When should I seek medical care for shock?
    • What is the treatment for shock?
    • Can shock be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for shock?
  • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
    • Sun-sensitizing drugs (photosensitivity) facts
    • What is photosensitivity?
    • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
    • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
    • What is ultraviolet light?
    • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Phototoxic drugs
    • Photoallergic drugs
    • Are there any medical conditions that can cause photosensitivity?
    • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
    • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
    • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
    • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
    • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
  • Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anaphylaxis Article
    • Anaphylaxis facts
    • Introduction to anaphylaxis
    • What is the history of anaphylaxis?
    • How common is anaphylaxis?
    • What are common causes of anaphylaxis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis?
    • What happens after the symptoms begin?
    • Are there any disorders that appear similar to anaphylaxis?
    • How is anaphylaxis diagnosed?
    • How do we manage anaphylaxis?
    • What are emergency measures used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?
    • Can anaphylaxis be prevented?
  • Objects Or Insects In Ear Objects or insects in the ear can be placed in the ear by patients themselves, or an insect crawling in the ear. Ear wax can also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Objects Or Insects In Ear Article
    • Objects or insects in ear overview
    • What are causes of objects in the ear?
    • What are the symptoms of an object in the ear?
    • When should I call the doctor for an object in the ear?
    • How is an object in the ear diagnosed?
    • How is an object in the ear treated?
    • What are some other types of ear emergencies?
  • Motion Sickness Motion sickness is a feeling of unwellness caused by the inner ear and balance systems. Motion sickness can include sea sickness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Motion Sickness Article
    • What is motion sickness?
    • Who is at risk for motion sickness?
    • What are causes of motion sickness?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of motion sickness?
    • When should I call a doctor for motion sickness?
    • How is motion sickness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for motion sickness?
    • Home remedies for motion sickness
    • OTC and prescription medication for motion sickness
    • Can motion sickness be prevented?
  • Heat-Related Illness Hyperthermia is the overheating of the body. Heat-related illnesses like heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat rash,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat-Related Illness Article
    • Heat-related illness facts
    • What is a heat-related illness?
    • What causes a heat-related illness?
    • Who is at risk of heat-related illness?
    • What are the symptoms of heat-related illness?
    • Heat stroke
    • Heat exhaustion
    • Heat cramps
    • Heat syncope
    • Heat rash
    • Heat-related illness prevention
  • Poison Ivy Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them....learn more »
    In This Article
    Poison Ivy Article
    • Poison ivy, oak, and sumac facts
    • What are poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac?
    • What causes a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are risk factors for poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • How do physicians diagnose poison ivy, oak, and sumac rashes?
    • What is the treatment for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Are there any home remedies for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What is the prognosis of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Is it possible to prevent a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
  • Heat Cramps Heat cramps usually affect people who sweat a lot during strenuous activity or work in a hot humid environment. Symptoms of heat...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Cramps Article
    • Heat cramps facts
    • What are heat cramps?
    • Who is at risk for heat cramps?
    • What causes heat cramps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for heat cramps?
    • How are heat cramps diagnosed?
    • What first aid treatments can help heat cramps?
    • What are the complications of heat cramps?
    • How can heat cramps be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for heat cramps?
  • Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures such as compressed, open, stress, greenstick, spiral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures) Article
    • What is a broken bone (fracture)?
    • What causes a broken bone?
    • What are the most common types of broken bones?
    • Compression fracture
    • Skull fracture
    • Stress fracture
    • What are the most common bones that are broken?
    • Broken hand or fingers
    • Broken wrist
    • Broken hip
    • Broken leg
    • Broken toe
    • Broken shoulder
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a broken bone?
    • When should I call a doctor if I think I have broken a bone?
    • How is a broken bone diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a broken bone?
    • What about surgery for a broken bone?
    • How can fractures be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a broken bone?
  • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • What is a toothache?
    • What causes a toothache?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a toothache?
    • How is a toothache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a toothache?
    • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
    • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
    • Can a toothache be prevented?
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • How is anthrax treated?
    • How can anthrax be prevented?
  • Travelers' Diarrhea Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travelers' Diarrhea Article
    • Travelers' diarrhea facts
    • What is travelers' diarrhea?
    • How common is travelers' diarrhea?
    • What causes travelers' diarrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of travelers' diarrhea?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea diagnosed?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea treated?
    • What is the prognosis for travelers' diarrhea?
    • How can travelers' diarrhea be prevented?
  • Dental Injuries Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dental Injuries Article
    • Dental injury facts
    • Introduction
    • What is a tooth fracture?
    • What is a serious tooth fracture?
    • What about a chipped tooth?
    • What about a fracture of the enamel and dentin?
    • What if I get my teeth knocked out?
    • What is a displaced tooth?
    • Prevention of dental injuries
  • Insect Sting Allergies The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants. Severity of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insect Sting Allergies Article
    • Stinging insect allergy facts
    • What are stinging insects?
    • Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
    • What types of insect sting reactions occur?
    • How is a severe allergic reaction immediately treated?
    • How can I avoid insect stings?
    • What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?
  • Drowning Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death....learn more »
    In This Article
    Drowning Article
    • What is drowning and what are the statistics?
    • What happens during drowning?
    • What are the complications of drowning?
    • Does the type of drowning matter?
    • Wet vs. dry drowning
    • Salt vs. fresh water drowning
    • What are the risk factors of drowning?
    • What are the symptoms of drowning?
    • When should one seek medical care for drowning?
    • How is drowning diagnosed?
    • How is drowning treated?
    • How can drowning be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a drowning victim?
  • Thallium Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thallium Article
    • What is thallium?
    • What happens to thallium when it enters the environment?
    • How might I be exposed to thallium?
    • How can thallium affect my health?
    • How likely is thallium to cause cancer?
    • Is there a medical test to show whether I've been exposed to thallium?
    • Has the federal government made recommendations to protect human health?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) There are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Frostbite (Cold Weather-Related Injuries) Article
    • Frostbite and Cold Weather-Related Injuries Facts
    • Introduction to frostbite and cold weather-related injuries
    • What type of injuries can be caused by cold weather?
    • Cold weather-related injuries without tissue freezing
    • Chilblains
    • Trench foot
    • Frostnip
    • Cold weather-related injuries with tissue freezing
    • Frostbite
    • What does frostbite look like (frostbite pictures)?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of frostbite?
    • How should frostbite and other cold weather-related injuries be treated?
    • What is the recovery time for a frostbite injury?
    • When should a person seek medical care for a cold weather-related injury?
    • Who is most likely to get a cold weather-related injury and what can be done to prevent it?
  • Snake Bite (Snake Bite) There are venomous (poisonous) and nonvenomous (nonpoisonous) snakes. A venomous snake bite penetrates the skin and injects,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Snake Bite (Snake Bite) Article
    • What is a venomous (poisonous) snake bite?
    • What is a nonvenomous (nonpoisonous) snake bite?
    • What are the symptoms of a venomous snake bite?
    • How is a venomous snake bite diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a venomous snake bite?
    • What are the complications of a venomous snake bite?
    • Can a snake bite be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a venomous snake bite?
    • Snake bites and snake pictures
  • Rabies Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted via the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, headaches, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rabies Article
    • Rabies facts
    • What is rabies?
    • What causes rabies?
    • What are risk factors for rabies?
    • What are rabies symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose rabies?
    • What is the treatment for rabies?
    • What is the prognosis of rabies?
    • Is it possible to prevent rabies? Is there a rabies vaccine?
  • Hypothermia (Extended Exposure to Cold) Hyothermia or extreme exposure to cold can be classified as either accidental hypothermia (unintentional cold exposure) and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothermia (Extended Exposure to Cold) Article
    • What is hypothermia?
    • What are the risk factors for hypothermia?
    • What body parts are more susceptible to hypothermia?
    • What causes hypothermia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypothermia?
    • When should I call my doctor for hypothermia?
    • How is hypothermia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypothermia?
    • Home remedies for hypothermia
    • What items should I have to be prepared to prevent hypothermia?
    • What is the prognosis for hypothermia?
  • Hurricane Preparedness Natural diasters such as a hurricane can take a toll on family, friends, and neighbors. Both physiological and psychological...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hurricane Preparedness Article
    • Introduction to preparing for a hurricane
    • What is a hurricane?
    • How are hurricanes named and tracked?
    • Preparing Before the Hurricane
    • What is my family plan for a hurricane?
    • How do I create a hurricane supply kit?
    • Where can I go to be safe during a storm?
    • How do I secure my home during a hurricane?
    • What about my pets during a hurricane?
    • What to Do After a Hurricane (What hurricane aftermath health concerns?)
    • How can I make sure our water is safe?
    • How do I perform first aid for injuries?
    • How can I prevent injuries after a hurricane?
    • Prevent fatigue-related injuries
    • Wear protective gear
    • Beware of electrical hazards
    • Avoid carbon monoxide
    • Beware of structural instability
    • Avoid hazardous materials
    • Be prepared for fires
    • Prevent drowning
    • Reduce the risk of thermal stress
    • What can I do to cope with mental stress after a hurricane?
    • How do I deal with wild and domestic animals in a disaster?