- Fibromyalgia Overview Slideshow
- Take the Fibromyalgia Quiz
- Fibromyalgia: 12 Tips for Coping Slideshow
- Fibromyalgia FAQs
- Patient Comments: Fibromyalgia - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Fibromyalgia - Treatment
- Patient Comments: Fibromyalgia - Diet and Lifestyle Changes
- Find a local Rheumatologist in your town
- Fibromyalgia facts
- What is fibromyalgia?
- What causes fibromyalgia?
- Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
- What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
- What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
- How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
- What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
- Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
- Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
- What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
- Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
- Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
- What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
Quick GuideFibromyalgia Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms & Treatment
Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
Increasing evidence supports a strong genetic component to fibromyalgia. Siblings, parents, and children of a person with fibromyalgia are eight times more likely to have fibromyalgia than those who have no relatives with the condition. There are several genes that have been suspected to play a role in fibromyalgia. Studies in twins suggest that half the risk of fibromyalgia and related disorders is genetic and half is environmental.
What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
Because it is in part hereditary, a family history of fibromyalgia is a risk factor for the development of fibromyalgia. Other risk factors include autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and ankylosing spondylitis, as patients with these diseases are more likely to have fibromyalgia than the general population. These patients are referred to as having "secondary fibromyalgia" because the autoimmune disease may trigger fibromyalgia.
Other emotional and physical stressors such as physical trauma (especially involving the spine and trunk), emotional stress, and certain infections (hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus, and Lyme disease but not the common cold) are associated with the development of fibromyalgia in some.