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  • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Article
    • Colon cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
    • What are the causes of colon cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
    • How can colon cancer be prevented?
    • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
    • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • How is liver cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow-up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer? What are the survival rates for liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
    • Where can you learn more about liver cancer?
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts
    • What is cervical cancer?
    • How do women get cervical cancer? What causes cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cervical cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for cervical cancer?
    • What are cervical cancer screening guidelines?
    • What tests are used to diagnose cervical cancer?
    • What are the stages of cervical cancer?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • Can cervical cancer be prevented? What is the cervical cancer vaccine?
    • What kind of support is available to women with cervical cancer?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rates for women with cervical cancer?
    • What research is being done on cervical cancer?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including being over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is uterus?
    • What are cancer cells?
    • What are the risk factors?
    • Symptoms of uterine cancer
    • Diagnosis of uterine cancer
    • Staging of uterine cancer
    • Treatment of uterine cancer
    • Surgery of uterine cancer
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy for uterine cancer
    • Hormone therapy for uterince tumors
    • Second Opinion
    • Nutrition and diet
    • Follow-up Care
    • Sources of Support
    • Taking Part in Cancer Research
  • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cancer Article
    • Ovarian cancer facts
    • What is ovarian cancer?
    • Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
    • Ovarian low malignant potential tumor (OLMPT; borderline tumor)
    • Germ cell ovarian cancers
    • Stromal ovarian cancers
    • What are ovarian cancer statistics?
    • What are ovarian cancer risk factors?
    • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
    • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
    • What is the survival rate and prognosis of ovarian cancer?
    • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
    • How does one cope with ovarian cancer?
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What does a pancreas do?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer and its types?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are pancreatic cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the survival rate with pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Is it possible to prevent pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Larynx Cancer (Throat Cancer) Symptoms of cancer of the larynx, the organ at the front of the neck, include hoarseness, a lump in the neck, sore throat, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Larynx Cancer (Throat Cancer) Article
    • Throat cancer (larynx cancer) facts*
    • What is the throat cancer?
    • What causes throat cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for throat cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of throat cancer?
    • How is throat cancer diagnosed?
    • How is throat cancer staging determined?
    • What kinds of specialists treat throat cancer?
    • What is the treatment for throat cancer?
    • What kind of support is available for those with throat cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with throat cancer?
    • Can throat cancer be prevented?
  • Gastroparesis Gastroparesis is a medical condition in which the muscle of the stomach is paralyzed by a disease of either the stomach muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroparesis Article
    • Gastroparesis facts
    • What is gastroparesis?
    • What causes gastroparesis?
    • What are gastroparesis symptoms and signs?
    • How is gastroparesis diagnosed?
    • How is gastroparesis treated?
    • What is the prognosis (long-term outcome) for patients with gastroparesis?
    • What is new in gastroparesis?
  • Bone Cancer Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Cancer Article
    • What is bone cancer? What is metastatic bone cancer?
    • What are risk factors for bone cancer?
    • What causes bone cancer?
    • What are bone cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of bone cancer?
    • What kinds of bone cancer occur in children?
    • What tests are used to diagnose bone cancer?
    • What is the treatment for bone cancer?
    • What specialists treat bone cancer?
    • Are there any treatments or medications that relieve bone cancer pain?
    • What is the prognosis for bone cancer? What is the five-year survival rate for bone cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent bone cancer?
  • Brain Cancer Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign....learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Cancer Article
    • Brain cancer facts
    • What is brain cancer?
    • What are grades of brain cancers?
    • What are the types of brain cancers?
    • What is brain cancer staging?
    • What is metastatic brain cancer?
    • What causes brain cancer?
    • Do cell phones cause brain cancer?
    • What are brain cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What type of doctors treat brain cancer?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose brain cancer?
    • What is the treatment for brain cancer?
    • Are there any home remedies for brain cancer?
    • What are the side effects of brain cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of treated brain cancer?
    • What can I do to help my family (and me) cope with my diagnosis of brain cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent brain cancer?
    • Where can I get more information about my type of brain cancer?
  • Bladder Cancer Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Cancer Article
    • Bladder cancer facts
    • What is the bladder?
    • What are the layers of the bladder?
    • What is bladder cancer?
    • What is the burden of bladder cancer in the U.S.?
    • What are the types of bladder cancer?
    • What are bladder cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are bladder cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is bladder cancer diagnosed?
    • How is bladder cancer staging determined?
    • What is bladder cancer grading?
    • What is transurethral surgery (TURBT) for bladder cancer?
    • What is the treatment for superficial bladder cancer?
    • What is surveillance for bladder cancer?
    • What is the treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer?
    • What is chemotherapy for bladder cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for bladder cancer?
    • Can bladder cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information on bladder cancer?
    • What research is being done on bladder cancer?
  • Dislocated Shoulder The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dislocated Shoulder Article
    • Shoulder dislocation facts
    • What is dislocation of the shoulder? What causes a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are risk factors for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What types of doctors treat a dislocated shoulder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a dislocated shoulder?
    • How do physicians diagnose dislocated shoulders?
    • What are home remedies for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What is the treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What happens after reduction of a shoulder dislocation?
    • What is appropriate follow-up following a shoulder dislocation? How long is the recovery time for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What are potential complications of a shoulder dislocation?
    • What is the prognosis of a shoulder dislocation?
    • Is it possible to prevent a dislocated shoulder?
  • Anal Cancer Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Cancer Article
    • Anal cancer facts*
    • Anal anatomy
    • What is anal cancer?
    • What are anal cancer statistics?
    • What are the risk factors for anal cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of anal cancer?
    • What are the different types of anal cancer?
    • Anal cancer screening and early detection
    • How is anal cancer diagnosed?
    • Anal cancer staging
    • What types of doctors treat anal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy
    • How is stage IV anal cancer or metastasis treated?
    • Can anal cancer be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for anal cancer?
    • Where can one find information about clinical trials for anal cancer?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • Are there home remedies or alternative treatments for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Kidney Cancer There are several types of kidney cancer, including renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma), transitional cell...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Cancer Article
    • Kidney cancer facts*
    • What are the kidneys?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are kidney cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are kidney cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
    • How is kidney cancer staging determined?
    • What are kidney cancer treatments?
    • Targeted Therapy
    • Biological Therapy
    • Second Opinion
    • Nutrition
    • Follow-up Care
    • Sources of Support
    • Taking Part in Cancer Research
  • Testicular Cancer Testicular cancer symptoms include a painless lump or swelling in a testicle, testicle or scrotum pain, a dull ache in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Testicular Cancer Article
    • Testicular cancer facts*
    • What is testicular cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for testicular cancer?
    • What are testicular cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose testicular cancer?
    • How is testicular cancer staging determined?
    • What are the stages of testicular cancer?
    • What is recurrent testicular cancer?
    • What is the treatment for testicular cancer?
    • What are the five types of standard treatment for testicular cancer?
    • Are there clinical trials for patients with testicular cancer?
    • What follow-up is needed after treatment of testicular cancer?
    • What are testicular cancer treatment options by stage?
    • What is the treatment for recurrent testicular cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of testicular cancer?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prostate Cancer Article
    • Prostate cancer facts*
    • What is prostate cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?
    • How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
    • Prostate cancer biopsy results
    • The accuracy of the PSA test
    • What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
    • What are the stages of prostate cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?
    • What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?
    • Watchful waiting
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Cryotherapy
    • Hormonal therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Immunotherapy
    • Targeted therapy
    • Bisphosphonates
    • Monoclonal antibody therapy
    • Radiopharmaceuticals
    • Research techniques
    • Complementary and alternative care approaches
    • Prostate cancer prevention
  • Salivary Gland Cancer Salivary gland cancer is cancer that affects the parotid glands, sublingual glands, or the submandibular glands. Risk factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salivary Gland Cancer Article
    • Salivary gland cancer facts
    • What is salivary gland cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of salivary gland cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of salivary gland cancer?
    • What exams and tests are used to detect and diagnose salivary gland cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for salivary gland cancer?
    • What tests are done to determine if salivary gland cancer has spread?
    • How does salivary gland cancer spread in the body?
    • What are the stages for salivary gland cancer?
    • What is the treatment for salivary gland cancer?
    • How does staging affect treatment options?
  • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stomach Cancer Article
    • Stomach cancer facts*
    • What is the stomach?
    • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
    • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
    • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
    • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
    • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
    • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
    • What support is there for cancer patients?
    • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the statistics on male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer? Where does breast cancer come from?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer risk factors? How do you get breast cancer?
    • What about antiperspirants or deodorants as causes of breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do physicians use to diagnose breast cancer?
    • What is HER2-positive breast cancer?
    • What tests detect HER2?
    • Do symptoms and signs of HER2-positive breast cancer differ from those of HER2-negative breast cancer?
    • What are therapies for HER2-positive breast cancers?
    • How are breast cancer stages determined?
    • What are breast cancer treatments?
    • What are breast cancer survival rates by stage? What is the prognosis of breast cancer?
    • Is it possible to prevent breast cancer?
    • What research is being done on breast cancer? Is it worthwhile to participate in a breast cancer clinical trial?
    • I may have breast cancer. What questions should I ask my doctor?
    • Is the doctor sure I have breast cancer?
    • What type of breast cancer do I have?
    • What difference does a precise breast cancer diagnosis make?
    • What has been done to exclude cancer in other areas of the same breast or in my other breast?
    • What type of medical team do I need for the most accurate breast cancer diagnosis?
    • Is my family history relevant to my breast cancer diagnosis?
    • What other studies should be done on my breast tissue biopsy?
    • How urgent is it that I make decisions and begin breast cancer treatment?
    • Should I stop taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after a breast cancer diagnosis?
    • Even though my breast tumor does not have hormone receptors, should I take tamoxifen to reduce the risk of a new tumor?
    • I have a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of localized cancer. Why have I been advised to have a mastectomy when other women with invasive breast cancer have lumpectomies?
    • Should I start chemotherapy before surgery for breast cancer?
    • If I am advised to have a mastectomy, what are the risks and benefits of immediate breast reconstruction?
    • Should breast cancer patients have their lymph nodes removed?
    • What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy, and what are its benefits and risks?
    • Are there any other questions I should ask my doctor about breast cancer?
  • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
    In This Article
    Oral Cancer Article
    • Oral cancer facts*
    • What is the oral cavity?
    • What is cancer?
    • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
    • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
    • How is oral cancer treated?
    • Methods of treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
    • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
    • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • Cancer Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Penis Cancer Signs and symptoms of penile cancer include a lump on the penis and redness, irritation, or a sore on the penis. Risk of penis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Penis Cancer Article
    • Penis cancer facts*
    • What is cancer of the penis?
    • What are causes and risk factors for penis cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of penis cancer?
    • How is penile cancer diagnosed?
    • What factors affect prognosis and treatment of penile cancer?
    • How is staging of penile cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for penis cancer?
    • What are treatment options by stage?
    • Where can I get more information about penis cancer?
  • Urethral Cancer Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that primarily affects white females, people over 60 years of age, and those who have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urethral Cancer Article
    • Urethral cancer facts*
    • What is urethral cancer?
    • What are risk factors for urethral cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urethral cancer?
    • How is urethral cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for urethral cancer?
    • How is staging of urethral cancer determined?
    • What are the treatment options for urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for anterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for posterior urethral cancer?
    • What is the treatment for recurrent urethral cancer?
    • Where can people find more information about urethral cancer?
  • Gallbladder Cancer Gallbladder cancer is a rare form of cancer with symptoms that include jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Cancer Article
    • Gallbladder cancer facts*
    • What is gallbladder cancer?
    • What are risk factors for gallbladder cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gallbladder cancer?
    • What exams and tests are used to diagnose gallbladder cancer?
    • What factors affects the prognosis for gallbladder cancer?
    • How is the staging of gallbladder cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for gallbladder cancer?
    • Where can people get more information about gallbladder cancer?
  • Inflammatory Breast Cancer Inflammatory breast cancer is an accelerated form of breast cancer that is not usually detected by mammogram or ultrasound....learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Breast Cancer Article
    • Inflammatory breast cancer facts
    • What is inflammatory breast cancer?
    • How is inflammatory breast cancer different from other breast cancers?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose inflammatory breast cancer?
    • What are the stages of inflammatory breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for inflammatory breast cancer?
    • What are the survival rates and prognosis for inflammatory breast cancer?
  • Cancer Pain Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Pain Article
    • Introduction
    • What causes cancer pain?
    • What are the symptoms of cancer pain?
    • What medicines are used to treat cancer pain?
    • How else can cancer pain be treated?