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- Patient Comments: Fabry Disease - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Fabry Disease - Treatment
- Fabry disease definition and facts
- What is Fabry disease?
- What are the symptoms of Fabry disease?
- What causes Fabry disease?
- How is Fabry disease inherited?
- What is the prevalence or incidence of Fabry disease?
- Which specialties of doctors treat Fabry disease?
- Is there a test to diagnose Fabry disease?
- What is the treatment for Fabry disease?
- What is the life expectancy for a person with Fabry disease?
- What other names are Fabry disease called?
What is the treatment for Fabry disease?
Fabry disease may be treated using enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase-alpha (Replagal) or agalsidase beta (Fabrazyme) to help normalize kidney function, heart function, and blood supply to the brain.
Other treatments for Fabry disease are aimed at relieving individual symptoms.
- phenytoin (Dilantin), carbamazepine (Tegretol), or gabapentin (Neurontin) may help prevent episodes of pain and burning sensations (acroparesthesias). Opioids may be prescribed for severe pain.
- Antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin, ticlopidine, clopidogrel (Plavix), and aspirin-dipyridamole (Aggrenox) are prescribed to prevent recurrent ischemic strokes.
- Warfarin (Coumadin) may be prescribed to prevent cardioembolic strokes.
- In severe Fabry disease that has progressed to kidney failure, hemodialysis and kidney transplantation may be necessary.
- Pancrelipase (Ultrase), metoclopramide (Reglan), H2 blockers, such as ranitidine (Zantac), cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), and others, and loperamide (Immodium) can help and soothe relieve gastrointestinal symptoms.
- ACE inhibitors and/or blockers are prescribed for high levels of protein in the urine (proteinuria) due to kidney damage.
- Hearing loss may be treated with hearing aids.
- Patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) may be prescribed antihypertensive medications and they should keep blood pressure under control.
- High cholesterol should also be treated.
- In addition to medications, patients should eat a balanced diet, exercise, and avoid smoking.