Eye Care Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Eye Care. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Eye Care or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Sty A sty is a bump that forms on the eyelid as a result of a blocked gland. Styes may be caused by infections, burns, or trauma to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sty Article
    • What is a Sty (Stye)?
    • What causes a Sty (Stye)?
    • What are the risk factors for a Sty (Stye)?
    • How is a Sty (Stye) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Sty (Stye)?
    • Are home remedies effective for a Sty (Stye)?
    • What is the prognosis for a Sty (Stye)?
    • Can a Sty (Stye) be prevented?
  • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Itching Article
    • Itch facts
    • What is an itch?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
    • What causes itching?
    • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
    • Should I scratch the itch?
    • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
    • What are oral itch treatments?
    • Can itching be prevented?
    • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
    • What are possible complications of itching?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rosacea Article
    • Rosacea facts
    • What is rosacea? Is rosacea contagious?
    • Is rosacea like acne?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rosacea?
    • What are rosacea symptoms and signs?
    • How is rosacea diagnosed?
    • What happens to the nose and the eyes?
    • How is rosacea cured?
    • What about using acne medicine?
    • What is the treatment for rosacea?
    • What should be avoided? What foods are good for rosacea?
    • What natural remedies can help rosacea?
    • Does rosacea get worse with age?
    • How should I care for the skin of my face?
    • How are the telangiectasias (the red lines) treated?
    • How is a rhinophyma (the W.C. Fields nose) treated?
    • What effect may rosacea have on my life?
    • Where can people get more information about rosacea?
  • Head Lice Head lice infection is called pediculosis. Lice are parasites that feed on blood and can be found on the scalp and hair of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Lice Article
    • Head lice facts
    • What are head lice?
    • How common is head lice infestation?
    • Who is at risk for getting head lice?
    • How in the world does a child get head lice?
    • What do head lice look like?
    • Where are head lice most commonly found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of head lice infestation?
    • How is a head lice infestation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a head lice infestation (pediculosis)?
    • My child has head lice. I don't. Should I treat myself to prevent being infested?
    • Should my pets be treated for head lice?
    • My child is under 2 years of age and has been diagnosed with head lice. Can I treat my child with prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?
    • What OTC medications are available to treat head lice?
    • What is the prescription drug used to treat head lice?
    • Are any home remedies effective at getting rid of head lice?
    • Which head lice medicine is best for me?
    • What are the rules with head lice medicines?
    • How can I prevent head lice?
    • Should household sprays be used to kill adult lice?
    • Should I have a pest-control company spray my house?
    • What is the prognosis of a head lice infestation?
  • Edema Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulations. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Edema Article
    • Edema facts
    • What is edema?
    • What is pitting edema and how does it differ from non-pitting edema?
    • What causes pitting edema?
    • How does salt intake affect edema?
    • Why does a patient with heart disease retain fluid?
    • Why do patients with liver disease develop ascites and edema?
    • Why does edema occur in patients with kidney disease?
    • What is idiopathic edema?
    • How does venous insufficiency cause edema?
    • Which diuretics are used to treat edema?
    • Are diuretics used for other purposes?
  • Pink Eye Pink eye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the...learn more »
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage A subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding under the eye's conjunctiva. There is usually no obvious cause for a subconjunctival...learn more »
    In This Article
    Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Article
    • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage facts
    • What is a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What causes a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • How is a subconjunctival hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • Can a subconjunctival hemorrhage be prevented?
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What are the benefits of saliva?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Is it possible to prevent dry mouth?
    • What is the prognosis of dry mouth?
  • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
  • Sjogren's Syndrome Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving the abnormal production of extra antibodies that attack the glands and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sjogren's Syndrome Article
    • Sjögren's syndrome facts
    • What is Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What causes Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for developing Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sjögren's syndrome? Will dietary changes improve Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Can Sjögren's syndrome be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Floaters Eye floaters are deposits or condensation that forms in the eye's vitreous humor. These deposits cast shadows on the retina, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Floaters Article
    • What are eye floaters?
    • Why do people notice eye floaters?
    • What do eye floaters look like?
    • What are the causes of eye floaters?
    • How common are eye floaters?
    • What eye diseases are associated with eye floaters?
    • What are the risk factors for developing eye floaters?
    • Are eye floaters dangerous?
    • How are eye floaters diagnosed?
    • Do eye floaters go away?
    • How can a person get rid of eye floaters?
    • Can eye floaters be removed with medication?
    • Can eye floaters be removed with surgery?
  • Retinal Detachment Retinal detachment is the separation of the retina from its attachments to the underlying eye tissue. Symptoms of retinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Retinal Detachment Article
    • Retinal detachment facts
    • What is the retina?
    • What is a retinal detachment?
    • What are retinal detachment symptoms and signs?
    • What are retinal detachment causes and risk factors?
    • Which diseases of the eyes predispose to the development of a retinal detachment?
    • How does cataract surgery lead to a retinal detachment?
    • What other factors are associated with a retinal detachment?
    • Why is it mandatory to treat a retinal detachment?
    • What is the treatment for retinal detachment?
    • What are complications of surgery for a retinal detachment, and what is recovery like after retinal detachment surgery?
    • What are the results of surgery for a retinal detachment?
  • Chalazion Chalazions are cysts that form on the eyelid when a meibomian gland becomes inflamed. The meibomian glands secrete a mixture of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chalazion Article
    • Chalazion facts
    • What is a chalazion?
    • What are these eyelid glands?
    • What causes a chalazion? What are the symptoms of a chalazion?
    • Is a chalazion like a pimple?
    • What is the treatment for a chalazion?
    • What is the prognosis for chalazion?
    • How can a chalazion be prevented?
  • Pubic Lice (Crabs) Pubic lice (crabs) are parasitic insects found in the genital area, and are primarily spread through sexual contact. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pubic Lice (Crabs) Article
    • Pubic lice facts*
    • What are pubic lice?
    • What do pubic lice look like?
    • Where are pubic lice found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pubic lice?
    • How did I get pubic lice?
    • How is a pubic lice infestation diagnosed?
    • How are pubic lice treated?
  • Atopic Dermatitis Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atopic Dermatitis Article
    • Atopic dermatitis facts
    • What is atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
    • How common is atopic dermatitis?
    • What causes atopic dermatitis?
    • Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
    • What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
    • What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
    • How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
    • What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
    • What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
    • What are allergens?
    • What are aeroallergens?
    • What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
  • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Glaucoma Article
    • Glaucoma facts
    • What is glaucoma?
    • How common is glaucoma?
    • What causes glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma risk factors?
    • What are the different types of glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
    • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
    • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
    • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
    • Glaucoma surgery or laser
    • Can glaucoma be prevented?
    • What is in the future for glaucoma?
  • Dry Eyes Dry eyes are caused by an imbalance in the tear-flow system of the eye, but also can be caused by the drying out of the tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Eyes Article
    • Dry eye syndrome facts
    • What is dry eye syndrome?
    • What causes dry eye syndrome?
    • What is the impact of dry eye syndrome?
    • What are dry eye syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of dry eye syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for dry eye syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for dry eye syndrome?
    • Can self-care treatments and remedies help alleviate dry eyes?
    • What is the medical treatment for dry eye syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat dry eye syndrome?
    • Can surgery treat dry eye syndrome?
    • What other therapies are used to treat dry eye syndrome?
  • Blepharitis Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. Acne rosacea, Staphylococcal bacteria, allergies, sensitivities to makeup or contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blepharitis Article
    • Blepharitis facts
    • What is blepharitis?
    • What causes blepharitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of blepharitis?
    • How is blepharitis diagnosed?
    • What are complications of blepharitis?
    • What is the treatment for blepharitis?
    • What is the prognosis for blepharitis?
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition. Symptoms and signs include a red, scaling rash on the scalp, face, ears, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seborrheic Dermatitis Article
    • Seborrheic dermatitis facts
    • What is seborrheic dermatitis?
    • What are risk factors for seborrheic dermatitis?
    • What causes seborrheic dermatitis?
    • What are seborrheic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is seborrheic dermatitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for seborrheic dermatitis?
    • What are complications of seborrheic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of seborrheic dermatitis?
    • Can seborrheic dermatitis be prevented?
  • Eye Allergy Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Allergy Article
    • Eye allergy facts
    • Eye allergy introduction
    • What causes eye allergies?
    • What is the basic anatomy of the outer eye?
    • Why are the eyes an easy target for allergies?
    • What are symptoms and signs of eye allergies?
    • What are allergic eye conditions?
    • What are eyelid allergies (also called contact eye allergies)?
    • What conditions can be confused with eye allergies?
    • What is the treatment for eye allergies?
    • What is the prognosis of eye allergies?
    • Can eye allergies be prevented?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea and vomiting?
  • Eye Strain Eye strain is a symptom caused by looking at something for a long time. Symptoms and signs include redness, light sensitivity,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Strain Article
    • Eye strain facts
    • What is eye strain?
    • What causes eye strain?
    • What are the symptoms of eye strain?
    • What are the signs of eye strain?
    • How is eye strain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eye strain?
    • Can eye strain be prevented?
  • Macular Degeneration Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that gradually destroys the central vision. In people over 60, AMD is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Macular Degeneration Article
    • Macular degeneration facts
    • What is macular degeneration?
    • What is the retina?
    • What is the macula?
    • What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?
    • What is wet age-related macular degeneration?
    • What are retinal drusen?
    • What is dry age-related macular degeneration?
    • What causes macular degeneration?
    • What are risk factors for macular degeneration?
    • What are macular degeneration symptoms?
    • What are signs of macular degeneration?
    • How is macular degeneration diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for wet macular degeneration?
    • What is the treatment for dry macular degeneration?
    • What are complications of macular degeneration?
    • What is the prognosis for macular degeneration?
    • Can macular degeneration be prevented?
    • What research is being done on macular degeneration?
  • Cataracts A cataract is an eye disease that causes the eye's lens to become cloudy and opaque with decreased vision. Causes of cataracts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cataracts Article
    • Facts about cataracts
    • What is a cataract?
    • What are the different types of cataracts?
    • What are causes of cataracts?
    • What are risk factors for cataracts?
    • What are the symptoms of cataracts?
    • What are the signs of cataracts?
    • How are cataracts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cataracts?
    • What are the different types of cataract surgery, and what risks are involved?
    • What are complications of cataracts?
    • What is the prognosis of cataracts?
    • Can cataracts be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on cataracts?
  • Double Vision Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Double Vision Article
    • What is double vision?
    • What causes double vision?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of double vision?
    • How is the cause of double vision diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for double vision?
    • Can double vision be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for double vision?
  • Uveitis Uveitis is inflammation of the eye. Symptoms include blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, photophobia, and floaters. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uveitis Article
    • What is uveitis?
    • What causes uveitis?
    • What are symptoms of uveitis?
    • What are the signs of uveitis?
    • What are the different types of uveitis?
    • What other medical conditions are associated with uveitis?
    • How is uveitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for uveitis?
    • What is the prognosis for uveitis?
    • What are the complications of uveitis?
    • Can uveitis be prevented?
  • Keratitis Keratitis is inflammation of the cornea. Symptoms and signs include pain, tearing, blurred vision, eye redness, watery eyes, or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Keratitis Article
    • Keratitis facts
    • What is keratitis?
    • What are the causes of keratitis?
    • What are the different types of keratitis?
    • What are the risk factors for keratitis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of keratitis?
    • How is keratitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for keratitis?
    • What are the possible complications of keratitis?
    • Can keratitis be prevented?
  • Blindness Blindness is the state of being sightless. Causes of blindness include macular degeneration, stroke, cataract, glaucoma,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blindness Article
    • Blindness facts
    • What is blindness?
    • What are the different types of blindness?
    • What causes blindness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of blindness?
    • How is blindness diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for blindness?
    • What is the prognosis for blindness?
    • When is someone considered legally blind?
    • Is blindness preventable?
  • Diabetes and Eye Problems Diabetes and eye problems are generally caused by high blood sugar levels over an extended period of time. Types of eye problems...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes and Eye Problems Article
    • Eye problems and diabetes introduction
    • Cataracts and diabetes
    • Glaucoma and diabetes
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Preventing eye problems with diabetes
    • When to contact your doctor about eye problems in diabetes
  • Black Eye The most common cause of a black eye is due to an injury to the face or head. Most black eye injuries are minor and heal on their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Black Eye Article
    • Black eye facts
    • Black eye introduction
    • What causes a black eye?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a black eye?
    • When should I call the doctor for a black eye?
    • How is a black eye diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a black eye?
    • What are the complications of black eye?
    • How can I prevent a black eye?
  • Sty Basics Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Sty Symptoms Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Sty Treatment Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Sty Prevention Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Pinkeye Pinkeye (conjunctivitis) is a contagious infection caused by bacteria or viruses. Symptoms and signs include eyelids that are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinkeye Article
    • Pinkeye Overview
    • Pinkeye Causes
    • Pinkeye Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Questions to Ask the Doctor
    • Pinkeye Diagnosis
    • Pinkeye Treatment
    • Pinkeye Home Remedies
    • Medical Treatment
    • Follow-up
    • Pinkeye Prevention
    • Pinkeye Prognosis
    • For More Information
    • Web Links
    • Authors and Editors
  • Astigmatism Astigmatism is an eye condition in which the cornea is abnormally curved and causes out-of-focus vision. Symptoms of astigmatism...learn more »
    In This Article
    Astigmatism Article
    • Astigmatism introduction
    • What is the definition of astigmatism?
    • What are the different types of astigmatism?
    • What causes astigmatism?
    • Who is at risk for astigmatism?
    • What are symptoms of astigmatism?
    • What are signs of astigmatism?
    • What tests are used to diagnose astigmatism?
    • What is the treatment for astigmatism?
    • What is the prognosis for astigmatism?
    • Can astigmatism be prevented?
  • Coats' Disease eye. Read about symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Coats' disease is a rare eye condition that typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coats' Disease Article
    • What is Coats' disease?
    • What are causes and risk factors for Coats' disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Coats' disease?
    • How is Coats' disease diagnosed?
    • How is staging of Coats' disease determined?
    • What is the treatment for Coats' disease?
    • What is the prognosis of Coats' disease?
    • Can Coats' disease be prevented?
    • What research is being done on Coats' disease?
    • Where can people with Coats' disease get support?
    • Where can people get more information about Coats' disease?
  • Myopia Myopia, or nearsightedness, makes it difficult to focus on objects that are far away. The condition runs in families and occurs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myopia Article
    • Introduction to Myopia
    • What causes Myopia?
    • What are the symptoms of Myopia?
    • How is Myopia diagnosed?
    • How is Myopia treated?
  • Keratoconus Keratoconus is a condition in which the cornea bulges outward like a cone. The cause of the condition is unknown, but genetics...learn more »
    In This Article
    Keratoconus Article
    • Introduction to keratoconus
    • What causes keratoconus?
    • Can keratoconus damage vision?
    • How is keratoconus diagnosed?
    • How is keratoconus treated?
    • Will surgery correct keratoconus?
  • Strabismus (Crossed Eyes) Strabismus, or crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes do not align in the usual way. The condition may be congenital or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Strabismus (Crossed Eyes) Article
    • Introduction to Strabismus
    • What causes Strabismus?
    • How is Strabismus treated?
    • Is surgery and option to treat Strabismus?
  • Eyeglasses, Sunglasses, and Magnifying Glasses Nonprescription eyeglasses are available over the counter (OTC) and are typically used by people who can no longer read fine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eyeglasses, Sunglasses, and Magnifying Glasses Article
    • Nonprescription eyeglasses
    • Trifocals and variable lenses
    • Sunglasses
    • Magnifying glasses
  • Farsightedness Farsightedness makes it difficult to focus on objects that are close up. The condition runs in families and occurs because light...learn more »
    In This Article
    Farsightedness Article
    • Introduction to farsightedness
    • What causes farsightedness?
    • What are the symptoms of farsightedness?
    • How is farsightedness diagnosed?
    • How is farsightedness corrected?
  • Contact Lenses: Colored, Soft, Hard, Toric and Bifocal Contact lenses fit over the cornea and correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. Contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Contact Lenses: Colored, Soft, Hard, Toric and Bifocal Article
    • Colored Contact Lenses
    • Soft Contact Lenses
    • Hard Contact Lenses
    • Bifocal Contact Lenses
    • Toric Contact Lenses
    • How do I know which type of contact lens is right for me?
    • Who should not wear contact lenses?
    • Where do I go to get contact lenses?
  • Presbyopia Presbyopia is the age-related loss of the ability to focus on objects that are close up. The condition generally affects people...learn more »
    In This Article
    Presbyopia Article
    • Introduction to presbyopia
    • What are the symptoms of presbyopia?
    • How is presbyopia diagnosed?
    • How is presbyopia treated?
  • Astigmatism and Your Eyes Astigmatism is a common eye condition that's easily corrected by eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Symptoms of astigmatism...learn more »
    In This Article
    Astigmatism and Your Eyes Article
    • What is astigmatism?
    • What causes an astigmatism?
    • What are astigmatism symptoms?
    • How are astigmatisms diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for astigmatisms?