Conjugated Estrogens (Cenestin, Enjuvia, Estrace, and Others) (cont.)

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Premarin vaginal cream is a topical form of estrogen.

Enjuvia and Cenestin are synthetic conjugated estrogens produced from plant material.

Premarin is derived from natural sources and blended to approximate the composition of estrogens found in urine of pregnant horses.

What are the side effects of conjugated estrogens?

There are many side effects of conjugated estrogens. Common side effects of conjugated estrogens are nausea, headache, pain, swelling of breasts, weight change, abdominal pain, anxiety, edema, vaginal bleeding, and mood disturbances.

Estrogens can cause salt (sodium) and water retention (edema). Therefore, patients with heart failure or reduced function of their kidneys who are taking estrogens should be carefully observed for retention of water and its complications.

Blood clots in the legs (deep vein thrombosis or DVT) or lungs (pulmonary embolism) occasionally occur in women taking conjugated estrogens. This potentially serious complication of estrogen therapy is dose-related, that is, it occurs more commonly with higher doses. Therefore, the lowest effective doses that relieve symptoms should be used. Cigarette smokers are at a higher risk for blood clots. Therefore, patients requiring estrogen therapy should quit smoking.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/2/2014

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