Esophagitis (cont.)

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What are the symptoms of esophagitis?

Symptoms of esophagitis include:

How is esophagitis diagnosed?

A gastroenterologist (a doctor who specializes in treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract) may order specialized tests to look for the cause and extent of the esophagitis. These tests include:

  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD): An endoscope is used to directly examine the esophagus, stomach and first part of the intestines. In addition, tissue samples can be obtained (biopsy) to assess the severity of the damage to the esophagus.
  • Esophageal manometry: this test is used to measure the pressure inside the lower part of the esophagus. A thin, pressure-sensitive tube is passed through the mouth or nose and into the stomach, which is then pulled slowly back into the esophagus. Patients are asked to swallow, and the pressure of the muscle contractions is measured along several sections of the tube.
  • Upper GI series or barium swallow is a test where X-rays are taken of the esophagus after drinking a barium solution. Barium coats the lining of the esophagus and appears white on an X-ray, and can show the location and extent of damage to the esophagus.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/6/2013

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