ephedrine (oral) (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM:

  • Ephedrine directly stimulates alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors and increases the release of norepinephrine.
  • Its actions include relaxation of bronchioles, increased heart rate and contractility, and increased blood pressure.
  • It also causes blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink (vasoconstrict). Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid from draining from blood vessels into the lining of the nasal passages.
  • Ephedrine is also a central nervous system stimulant used illegally for weight loss and for performance enhancement diet supplements.

On April 14, 2004 the FDA warned that over-the-counter products and supplements containing ephedrine are unsafe.

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/31/2016


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