Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.
Ephedrine directly stimulates alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors and
increases the release of norepinephrine.
Its actions include relaxation of
bronchioles, increased heart rate and contractility, and increased blood
It also causes blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink
(vasoconstrict). Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid
from draining from blood vessels into the lining of the nasal passages.
Ephedrine is also a central nervous system stimulant used illegally for weight
loss and for performance enhancement dietsupplements.