DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM:
- Ephedrine directly stimulates alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors and increases the release of norepinephrine.
- Its actions include relaxation of bronchioles, increased heart rate and contractility, and increased blood pressure.
- It also causes blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink (vasoconstrict). Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid from draining from blood vessels into the lining of the nasal passages.
- Ephedrine is also a central nervous system stimulant used illegally for weight loss and for performance enhancement diet supplements.
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information
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