ephedrine (oral)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Asthma Attack Treatment

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM:

  • Ephedrine directly stimulates alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors and increases the release of norepinephrine.
  • Its actions include relaxation of bronchioles, increased heart rate and contractility, and increased blood pressure.
  • It also causes blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink (vasoconstrict). Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid from draining from blood vessels into the lining of the nasal passages.
  • Ephedrine is also a central nervous system stimulant used illegally for weight loss and for performance enhancement diet supplements.

On April 14, 2004 the FDA warned that over-the-counter products and supplements containing ephedrine are unsafe.

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/31/2016

Quick GuideAsthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications
FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

RxList Logo

Need help identifying pills and medications?

Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Allergy and Asthma Newsletter

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors