ephedrine (oral)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Asthma Attack Treatment

What is oral ephedrine?

  • Ephedrine directly stimulates alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors and increases the release of norepinephrine.
  • Its actions include relaxation of bronchioles, increased heart rate and contractility, and increased blood pressure.
  • It also causes blood vessels in the nasal passages to shrink (vasoconstrict). Vasoconstriction reduces nasal congestion by preventing fluid from draining from blood vessels into the lining of the nasal passages.
  • Ephedrine is also a central nervous system stimulant used illegally for weight loss and for performance enhancement diet supplements.

Is oral ephedrine available as a generic drug?

Yes

Quick GuideAsthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Do I need a prescription for oral ephedrine?

No

Why is oral ephedrine prescribed to patients?

What are the side effects of oral ephedrine?

Common side effects include:

Possible serious side effects include:

What is the dosage for oral ephedrine?

  • A dose of 12.5 to 25 mg orally every 4 hours, not to exceed 150 mg in 24 hour has be used for treating bronchospasm.
  • The dose for treating nasal congestion in adults is 25 to 50 mg every 6 hours.

Quick GuideAsthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Asthma Symptoms, Causes, and Medications

Which drugs or supplements interact with oral ephedrine?

Is oral ephedrine safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?

What else should I know about oral ephedrine?

What preparations of oral ephedrine are available?
  • Tablet
How should I keep oral ephedrine stored?
  • Ephedrine tablets should be stored at room temperature.

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Last Editorial Review: 11/10/2016

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Reviewed on 11/10/2016
References
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

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