Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Common Cold Article
    • Common cold facts
    • What is the common cold, and what causes it?
    • How is the common cold transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for acquiring the common cold?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of the common cold in adults, children, and infants? What is the incubation period of the common cold?
    • Does it have anything to do with exposure to cold weather?
    • What is the difference between the common cold and influenza (the flu)?
    • How do physicians diagnose the common cold?
    • What is the treatment for the common cold? Are there any home remedies for the common cold?
    • Are antibiotics a suitable treatment for the common cold?
    • When should a health-care professional be consulted?
    • What is the prognosis for the common cold? What is the duration of the common cold?
    • What are complications of the common cold?
    • Is it possible to prevent the common cold?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, H1N1, H3N2, and bird flu [H5N1]) facts
    • What is flu (influenza)?
    • What are the causes of the flu (influenza)?
    • What are flu (influenza) symptoms in adults and in children?
    • How is the flu (influenza) diagnosed?
    • What is the key to flu (influenza) prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get the flu?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can I find additional information about the flu?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia? Is pneumonia contagious?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs) Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are premature heartbeats originating from the ventricles of the heart. PVCs are...learn more »
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Article
    • What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
    • What are the risk factors for COPD?
    • What other diseases or conditions contribute to COPD?
    • What causes COPD?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
    • When should I call my doctor about COPD?
    • How is COPD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for COPD?
    • Home remedies for COPD?
    • Medications for COPD
    • Surgery for COPD
    • Can COPD be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with COPD?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Emphysema Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema Article
    • Emphysema facts
    • What is emphysema?
    • What are the stages of emphysema?
    • What causes emphysema?
    • What are the risk factors for emphysema?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of emphysema?
    • How is emphysema diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for emphysema?
    • Quitting smoking
    • Emphysema medications
    • Surgery for emphysema
    • Pulmonary rehabilitation for emphysema
    • What is the life expectancy and outlook for someone with emphysema?
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Bronchiectasis has three types: 1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, 2) saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, 3) and cystic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
    • What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
    • What is bronchiectasis?
    • Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
    • What causes bronchiectasis?
    • What are the types of bronchiectasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
    • When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
    • How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
    • What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
    • Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
  • 20 Sore Throat Home Remedies A sore throat can be caused by viral infections like the common cold, the flu, or mumps. Sore throats caused by bacterial...learn more »
    In This Article
    20 Sore Throat Home Remedies Article
    • What home remedies help to soothe a sore throat?
    • 1. Warm saltwater gargle
    • 2. Drink warm liquids
    • 3. Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications
    • 4. Sage/Echinacea throat spray
    • 5. Apple cider vinegar
    • 6. Raw garlic
    • 7. Peppermint
    • 8. Licorice
    • 9. Marshmallow root
    • 10. Slippery Elm
    • 11. Frozen foods
    • 12. Eat chicken soup
    • 13. A humidifier
    • 14. A warm compress
    • 15. Throat spray
    • 16. Lozenges or cough drops
    • 17. Zinc lozenges
    • 18. Drink plenty of fluids
    • 19. Rest
    • 20. Quit smoking
  • Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Hypoxia is a condition in which the normal concentration of oxygen in the blood is not enough for normal life functions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoxia (Hypoxemia) Article
    • Hypoxia and hypoxemia facts
    • What is hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What causes hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoxia and hypoxemia?
    • How is hypoxia and/or hypoxemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypoxia and/or hypoxemia?
    • Can hypoxia and/or hypoxemia be prevented?