Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Blood Clots Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...learn more »
  • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
    • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
    • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
    • What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
    • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness/vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Fainting (Syncope) Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fainting (Syncope) Article
    • Fainting (syncope) Facts
    • Introduction to fainting (syncope)
    • What causes fainting (syncope)?
    • Heart rhythm changes
    • Heart structural conditions
    • Heart valve conditions
    • Sudden cardiac death
    • Postural hypotension
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Anemia
    • Dehydration
    • Orthostatic hypotension
    • Vertebrobasilar artery disease
    • Electrolyte imbalance
    • Other medications and drugs
    • Pregnancy
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fainting (syncope)?
    • How is fainting (syncope) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fainting (syncope)?
    • Can fainting (syncope) be prevented?
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart's function as a pump is inadequate to meet the body's needs. A...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure Article
    • Congestive heart failure facts
    • What is congestive heart failure?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of congestive heart failure?
    • Lifestyle modifications
    • Medications
    • Heart transplant
    • Other mechanical therapies
    • What is the long term outlook for patients with congestive heart failure?
    • What are the areas of new research in congestive heart failure?
  • Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) A pulmonary embolism occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung) Article
    • Pulmonary embolism facts
    • What is a pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for pulmonary embolism?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism?
    • How is pulmonary embolism diagnosed?
    • Basic testing (CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine blood test, chest X-ray, EKG)
    • Pulmonary angiogram
    • d-Dimer blood test
    • CT Scan
    • Ventilation-perfusion scans
    • Venous Doppler study
    • Echocardiography (EKG, ECG)
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary embolism?
    • Anticoagulation
    • Thrombolytic therapy
    • What is the prognosis for pulmonary embolism?
    • Can pulmonary embolism be prevented?
  • Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Hereditary hemochromatosis (iron overload) is an inherited disorder in which there is excessive accumulation of iron in the body....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload) Article
    • What is hereditary hemochromatosis?
    • How is hemochromatosis inherited?
    • What are the symptoms of hemochromatosis?
    • How is hemochromatosis diagnosed?
    • How is hemochromatosis treated?
    • What are dietary recommendations in hemochromatosis
    • What are recommendations for screening for liver cancer in hemochromatosis?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Heart Murmur A heart murmur is the sound generated when blood flow within the heart is not smooth. Causes of heart murmurs can be functional,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Murmur Article
    • Heart murmur facts
    • What is a heart murmur?
    • What causes a heart murmur?
    • What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
    • When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
    • How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
    • What are the complications of a heart murmur?
    • Can a heart murmur be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Dyspepsia (indigestion) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Article
    • Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
    • What is dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What causes dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is the course of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the complications of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) diagnosed?
    • Exclusion of other diseases
    • Specific tests of gastrointestinal function
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) treated and relieved?
    • What is a reasonable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is in the future for dyspepsia (indigestion)?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Angina Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Angina Article
    • What is angina?
    • What causes angina?
    • What are the different types of angina?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
    • How is angina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for angina?
    • What is the prognosis for angina?
    • Can angina be prevented?
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Article
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) facts
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the causes of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the risk factors for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the symptoms of transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • How is transient ischemic attack (TIA) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What is the prognosis for transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation is an abnormality in the heart rhythm which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atrial Fibrillation Article
    • Atrial fibrillation facts
    • What is atrial fibrillation?
    • What causes atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the complications of atrial fibrillation?
    • What are the risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation?
    • How is atrial fibrillation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for atrial fibrillation?
    • Reversing the risk factors that cause atrial fibrillation
    • Slowing the heart rate with medications
    • Anticoagulation to prevent blood clots and strokes
    • Converting atrial fibrillation to a normal rhythm
    • Procedures for treating and preventing atrial fibrillation
    • What is new in atrial fibrillation?
  • Tourette Syndrome Tourette syndrome is disorder, which symptoms include involuntary facial tics, motor tics, and vocal tics. The cause of Tourette...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tourette Syndrome Article
    • What is Tourette syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Tourette syndrome?
    • What is the course of Tourette syndrome?
    • Can people with Tourette syndrome control their tics?
    • What causes Tourette syndrome?
    • What disorders are associated with Tourette syndrome?
    • How is Tourette syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Tourette syndrome treated?
    • Is Tourette syndrome inherited?
    • What is the prognosis for Tourette syndrome?
    • What is the best educational setting for children with Tourette syndrome?
    • What research is being done for Tourette syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information about Tourette syndrome?
  • Shock (Medical) Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, septic shock, anaphylactic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shock (Medical) Article
    • Shock facts
    • What is shock?
    • What are the types of shock?
    • What are the causes of shock?
    • What are the symptoms of shock?
    • When should I seek medical care for shock?
    • What is the treatment for shock?
    • Can shock be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for shock?
  • Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Heart Rhythm Disorders) Heart rhythm disorders vary from minor palpitations, premature atrial contractions (PACs), premature ventricular contractions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Heart Rhythm Disorders) Article
    • How does the heart work?
    • What is a heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia)?
    • What causes heart rhythm disorders?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of heart rhythm disorders?
    • What are the different types of heart rhythm disorders?
    • Premature atrial contractions (PACs) and premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)
    • Sinus tachycardia
    • Sinus bradycardia
    • Abnormal heart rhythms
    • Tachycardia
    • Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib)
    • Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach)
    • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)
    • Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) Syndrome
    • Atrial fibrillation
    • Atrial Flutter
    • Bradycardia
    • Heart blocks
    • When to seek medical care
    • How are heart rhythm disorders diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart rhythm disorders?
    • What is the prognosis for heart rhythm disorders?
    • Can heart rhythm disorders be prevented?
  • Orthostatic Hypotension Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Orthostatic Hypotension Article
    • Orthostatic hypotension facts
    • What is orthostatic hypotension?
    • What causes orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension?
    • When should I call the doctor for orthostatic hypotension?
    • How is orthostatic hypotension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the complications of orthostatic hypotension?
    • How can orthostatic hypotension be prevented?
  • Aortic Stenosis Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Stenosis Article
    • Aortic valve stenosis facts
    • What is aortic stenosis?
    • What causes aortic stenosis?
    • How does aortic stenosis affect the left ventricle pump?
    • What are the symptoms of aortic stenosis?
    • What might the doctor find in patients with aortic stenosis?
    • How is aortic stenosis diagnosed?
    • How is aortic stenosis treated?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Scleroderma Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleroderma Article
    • Scleroderma facts
    • What is scleroderma?
    • What causes scleroderma?
    • What are risk factors for developing scleroderma?
    • How is scleroderma classified?
    • What are scleroderma symptoms and signs?
    • How is scleroderma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleroderma?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with scleroderma?
    • Can scleroderma be prevented?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
    • Related pericarditis article:
      Pericarditis - on eMedicineHealth
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • What foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found in, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Rheumatic Fever Rheumatic fever is a disease that sometimes occurs after a group A streptococcal infection of the throat. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatic Fever Article
    • Rheumatic Fever (Acute Rheumatic Fever or ARF) facts
    • What is rheumatic fever?
    • What are the Jones criteria?
    • What causes rheumatic fever?
    • What are symptoms and signs of rheumatic fever?
    • How is rheumatic fever diagnosed?
    • How is rheumatic fever treated?
    • What are the complications of rheumatic fever?
    • How is rheumatic fever prevented?
    • How common is rheumatic fever?
    • Where can one find more information on rheumatic fever?
  • Palpitations Palpitations are unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. Palpitations can be relieved in many...learn more »
    In This Article
    Palpitations Article
    • Palpitations facts
    • What are palpitations?
    • What is the normal heartbeat?
    • What are symptoms of arrhythmias?
    • What are the causes of arrhythmias?
    • How are palpitations evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for palpitations?
  • Myocarditis Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle and can be caused by a variety of infections, conditions, and viruses....learn more »
    In This Article
    Myocarditis Article
    • What is myocarditis?
    • What causes myocarditis?
    • What are symptoms of myocarditis?
    • How is myocarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with myocarditis?
    • How is myocarditis treated?
  • Palpitations Palpitations are uncomfortable sensations of the heart beating hard, rapidly, or irregularly. Some types of palpitations are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Palpitations Article
    • What are palpitations?
    • What are the different types of palpitations?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of palpitations?
    • How are palpitations diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for palpitations?
    • What is the prognosis for palpitations?
    • Can palpitations be prevented?
  • Heart Failure Heart failure is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Failure Article
    • What is Heart Failure?
    • What Causes Heart Failure?
    • What are the Symptoms of Heart Failure?
    • What are the Types of Heart Failure?
    • How is Heart Failure Diagnosed?
    • How is Heart Failure Treated?
    • Stages of Heart Failure
    • How Can I Prevent Heart Failure From Worsening?
    • How Can I Prevent Further Heart Damage?
    • What Medications Should I Avoid?
    • How Can I Improve My Quality of Life?
    • What Surgical Procedures are Used to Treat Heart Failure?
    • Treatment is a Team Effort
    • What is the Outlook for People with Heart Failure?
  • Aortic Dissection Aortic dissection is a small tear in the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and supplies blood to the body. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Dissection Article
    • Aortic dissection facts
    • Introduction to aortic dissection
    • What are the causes of aortic dissection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of aortic dissection?
    • How is aortic dissection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for aortic dissection?
    • What is the prognosis for aortic dissection?
    • Can aortic dissection be prevented?
  • Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT) Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is an abnormal conduction of electricity in particular areas of the heart. PSVT...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT) Article
    • What is paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)?
    • What are the symptoms of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)?
    • How is paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)?
    • How can paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) be prevented?
  • Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Article
    • What is heart disease?
    • What are the risk factors for heart disease?
    • What causes heart disease?
    • What are the symptoms of heart disease?
    • How is heart disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart disease?
    • What is the prognosis for heart disease?
    • Can heart disease be prevented?
  • Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki disease is a rare children's disease characterized by a fever that lasts more than five days and at least four of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kawasaki Disease Article
    • Kawasaki's disease facts
    • What is Kawasaki's disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What is mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome?
    • What are the usual symptoms and signs of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are the less common findings?
    • What is the difference between Kawasaki's disease and Kawasaki's syndrome?
    • What causes Kawasaki's disease?
    • Who develops Kawasaki's disease?
    • How can Kawasaki's disease cause serious complications?
    • What is the treatment for Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?
    • Can Kawasaki's disease be prevented?
  • Sudden Cardiac Arrest Sudden cardiac arrest is an unexpected, sudden death caused by sudden cardiac arrest (loss of heart function). Causes and risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sudden Cardiac Arrest Article
    • Introduction to sudden cardiac arrest
    • What are the causes of sudden cardiac arrest?
    • What about sudden cardiac arrest in the young?
    • What are the symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest?
    • How is sudden cardiac arrest diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sudden cardiac arrest?
    • Can sudden cardiac arrest be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis sudden cardiac arrest?
  • Echocardiogram Echocardiogram is a test using ultrasound to provide pictures of the heart's valves and chambers. There are several types of...learn more »
  • Heart Attacks in Women Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attacks in Women Article
    • One woman's heart attack story
    • What is heart disease?
    • Do women need to worry about heart disease?
    • Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
    • What can I do to prevent heart disease?
    • What does high blood pressure have to do with heart disease?
    • How can I lower my blood pressure?
    • What does high cholesterol have to do with heart disease?
    • What do my cholesterol and triglyceride numbers mean?
    • How can I lower my cholesterol?
    • How do I know if I have heart disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
    • One of my family members had a heart attack. Does that mean I'll have one too?
    • Sometimes my heart beats really fast and other times it feels like my heart skips a beat. Am I having a heart attack?
    • Should I take a daily aspirin to prevent heart attack?
    • Does taking birth control pills increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does using the birth control patch increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does menopausal hormone therapy (HT, HRT, ET) increase a woman's risk for heart disease?
    • For more information on heart disease in women
  • Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congenital Heart Defects Article
    • Congenital heart defects facts
    • What are congenital heart defects?
    • How the heart works
    • What are the types of congenital heart defects?
    • What are other names for congenital heart defects?
    • What causes congenital heart defects?
    • What are the signs and symptoms and signs of congenital heart defects?
    • How are congential heart defects diagnosed??
    • How are congenital heart defects treated?
    • Living with a congenital heart defect
  • Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Dilated) Article
    • What Is dilated cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • How is Dilated Cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
    • What surgeries are used to treat Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
  • Ventricular Septal Defect A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart malformation. A VSD is a hole in the wall of the heart's two lower...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ventricular Septal Defect Article
    • Ventricular septal defect facts
    • What is a ventricular septal defect (VSD)?
    • How common is a VSD?
    • What is the normal design of the heart?
    • How do VSDs cause problems?
    • How is a VSD diagnosed? What are the symptoms of a VSD?
    • What if the VSD is small?
    • How is a small VSD treated?
    • What if the VSD is large?
    • How is a large VSD treated?
    • What types of surgery are available to correct a VSD?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) after a VSD is repaired?
    • What are complications of VSD surgery?
    • What about unusual cases of VSD?
    • What are long-term precautions with VSDs?
  • Coma Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coma Article
    • What is a "coma"?
    • What is the Glasgow Coma Scale?
    • What are the causes of a coma?
    • Trauma
    • Bleeding (Hemorrhage)
    • Epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid hemorrhages
    • Tumors
    • Swelling
    • Infection
    • Lack of oxygen
    • Hypoglycemic coma
    • Poisons
    • How is coma assessed?
    • What tests are there for coma?
    • What is the outcome and prognosis for a patient in a coma?
    • Induced Coma
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high-risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Can yellow fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Hypertrophic) Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) affects many people today. Many people with HCM have no symptoms or only minor symptoms, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Hypertrophic) Article
    • What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treated?
    • What lifestyle changes are recommended to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What medications are used for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • What surgical procedures are used to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
    • How can I prevent endocarditis?
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  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Cardiomyopathy (Restrictive) Restrictive cardiomyopathy, the rarest form of cardiomyopathy, is a condition in which the walls of the lower chambers of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cardiomyopathy (Restrictive) Article
    • What is restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What causes restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • How is restrictive cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What lifestyle changes are recommended for restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • What medications are used for restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • Can surgery treat restrictive cardiomyopathy?
    • Related cardiomyopathy article:
      Cardiomyopathy - on eMedicineHealth
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Heart Attack Prevention Series Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that help decrease one's cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as reduce the risk of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • What are fats, fatty acids, and omega-3 fatty acid?
    • What are the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids?
    • What is the scientific evidence behind omega-3 fatty acids?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay inlcudes graphics, pictures,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay Article
    • What is a Heart Attack?
    • What are the structures and functions of a normal coronary artery?
    • What happens to the coronary artery in atherosclerosis?
    • Who gets coronary artery plaques and what happens to the plaques?
    • What happens to the heart muscle after a person survives a Heart Attack?
    • Can a person have more than one Heart Attack?
  • Diphtheria Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diphtheria Article
    • Diphtheria facts
    • What is diphtheria?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diphtheria?
    • What is the history of diphtheria?
    • What causes diphtheria?
    • What are risk factors for diphtheria?
    • How do physicians diagnose diphtheria?
    • What is the treatment for diphtheria?
    • What are possible complications of diphtheria?
    • What is the prognosis of diphtheria?
    • Is it possible to prevent diphtheria? Is there a diphtheria vaccine?
  • Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series Article
    • Homocysteine, folic acid, and B vitamins
    • What about antioxidants for heart attack prevention?
    • How about exercise for heart attack prevention?
    • What about smoking cessation for heart attack prevention?
    • Recommendations to prevent heart attacks
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?

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