Table of Contents
- Ectopic pregnancy facts
- What is the definition of an ectopic pregnancy?
- What is an ectopic pregnancy?
- Three classic signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy
- What are other signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy?
- What are risk factors for ectopic pregnancy?
- What are other risk factors for ectopic pregnancy?
- Is there a test to diagnose ectopic pregnancy?
- Is an ectopic pregnancy dangerous?
- What treatment options are available for ectopic pregnancy?
Quick GuideConception: The Amazing Journey from Egg to Embryo
What are other risk factors for ectopic pregnancy?
- Multiple sex partner: Because having multiple sexual partners' increases a woman's risk of pelvic infections, multiple sexual partners also are associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy.
- Gynecological conditions: Like pelvic infections, conditions such as endometriosis, fibroid tumors, or pelvic scar tissue (pelvic adhesions), can narrow the Fallopian tubes and disrupt egg transportation, thereby increasing the chances of an ectopic pregnancy.
- IUD use: Approximately half of pregnancies in women using intrauterine devices (IUDs) will be located outside of the uterus. However, the total number of women becoming pregnant while using IUDs is extremely low. Therefore, the overall number of ectopic pregnancies related to IUDs is very low.
- Cigarette smoking: Cigarette smoking around the time of conception has also been associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy. This risk was observed to be dose-dependent, which means that the risk is dependent upon the individual woman's habits and increases with the number of cigarettes smoked.
- Infertility: A history of infertility for two or more years also is associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy.
- Other causes: Infection, congenital abnormalities, or tumors of the Fallopian tubes can increase a woman's risk of having an ectopic pregnancy.