Ectopic Pregnancy

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

  • Medical Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Bleeding During the First Trimester of Pregnancy

Causes of bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy

Examples of causes of bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy are

  • ectopic pregnancy,
  • cervical polyps, or
  • pelvic or urinary tract infection (UTI).

Quick GuideConception: The Amazing Journey from Egg to Embryo

Conception: The Amazing Journey from Egg to Embryo

Ectopic pregnancy facts

  • An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus.
  • The Fallopian tubes are the most common locations for an ectopic pregnancy.
  • The characteristic three symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are
  • However, only about 50% of women have all three of these symptoms.
  • Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy include previous ectopic pregnancies and conditions (surgery, infection) that disrupt the normal anatomy of the Fallopian tubes.
  • The major health risk of an ectopic pregnancy is rupture, leading to internal bleeding.
  • Ectopic pregnancy occurs in 1%-2% of all pregnancies.
  • Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy is usually established by blood hormone tests and pelvic ultrasound.
  • Treatment options for ectopic pregnancy include both surgery and medication.
Reviewed on 10/6/2016
References
REFERENCE: Sepilian, V. MD. "Ectopic Pregnancy." Medscape. Jul 05, 2016.
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