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- Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) facts
- What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- Is the Ebola virus contagious?
- What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What are Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs?
- What types of health care professionals treat Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What is the contagious period for the Ebola virus?
- What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
- How do health care professionals diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What is the medical treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there an Ebola vaccine?
- What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
- Where can people find more information about Ebola?
Quick GuideEbola Virus: Outbreak, Symptoms, and Treatment
What types of health care professionals treat Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
Because Ebola infections can be rapidly spread to others and because health care workers can be easily infected by patients, the CDC and other agencies recommend that only highly trained personnel treat Ebola patients. This treatment involves high-level barrier techniques to protect all health care professionals (hospital care workers, nurses, doctors, lab technicians, janitors, and hospital infectious-disease-control personnel). Unfortunately, these trained individuals and resources are often not available in the Ebola high risk areas. Ideally, individuals diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S. should be treated in specific designated treatment centers and treatment monitored by the CDC. Types of specialists who may treat Ebola-infected patients are emergency medicine specialists, infectious disease specialists, critical care doctors and nurses, pulmonologists, hematologists, hospitalists, and hospital infection-control personnel.
What is the contagious period for the Ebola virus?
For those patients who survive infection, they may remain contagious for approximately 21-42 days after symptoms abate. However, the viruses can be recovered from semen, breast milk, spinal column, and ocular fluids. It is unclear, according to the CDC, if viruses can be transmitted by these fluids, although the CDC suggests that Ebola can be spread by semen and suggest male survivors of the disease abstain from sex or use a condom for all sexual activity.
What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs may appear from about two to 21 days after exposure (average incubation period is eight to 10 days). It is unclear why some patients can survive and others die from this disease, but patients who die usually have a poor immune response to the virus. Patients who survive have symptoms that can be severe for a week or two; recovery is often slow (weeks to months) and some survivors have chronic problems such as fatigue and eye problems.