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Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty feeling, loss of energy, helplessness, sluggishness, and persistent aches and pains. Treatment may involve psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and antidepressants.

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    • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
      In This Article
      Depression Article
      • Depression facts
      • What is a depressive disorder?
      • What are myths about depression?
      • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
      • Depression symptoms and signs in men
      • Depression symptoms and signs in women
      • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
      • Depression symptoms and signs in children
      • What are the causes and risk factors for depression?
      • Postpartum depression
      • How is depression diagnosed?
      • What treatments are available for depression?
      • What is the general approach to treating depression?
      • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
      • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
      • What are complications of depression?
      • What is the prognosis for depression?
      • How can depression be prevented?
      • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
      • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
      • Where can one seek help for depression?
      • What is in the future for depression?
      • Where can people find more information about depression?
    • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stress Article
      • Stress facts
      • What is stress?
      • A brief history of stress
      • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
      • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
      • Teen stress
      • What is the healthy response to stress?
      • How does the response to stress work?
      • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
      • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
      • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
      • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
      • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
      • Conclusions about the effects of stress
      • What can people do for stress management?
      • What's in the future for stress?
    • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
      In This Article
      Teens Article
      • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
      • What can teens expect during health checkups?
      • What immunizations do teenagers need?
    • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sleep Article
      • What is sleep?
      • What are the stages of sleep?
      • How much sleep does a person need?
      • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
      • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
      • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
      • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
      • How are sleep problems treated?
      • Sleep hygiene
      • Other therapies
      • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
      • Are sleep problems and disease related?
      • How can I get a good night's sleep?
    • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
      In This Article
      Fitness Article
      • The importance of physical activity and fitness
      • Why should I be active?
      • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
      • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
      • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
      • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
      • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
      • What are the components of physical fitness?
      • Fitness terms
    • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
      In This Article
      Alcoholism Article
      • Alcohol use disorder facts
      • What is alcohol abuse?
      • What is alcoholism?
      • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
      • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
      • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
      • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
      • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
      • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
      • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
      • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
      • Is there a safe level of drinking?
      • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
      • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
      • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?

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