Dr. Perlstein received his Medical Degree from the University of Cincinnati and then completed his internship and residency in pediatrics at The New York Hospital, Cornell medical Center in New York City. After serving an additional year as Chief Pediatric Resident, he worked as a private practitioner and then was appointed Director of Ambulatory Pediatrics at St. Barnabas Hospital in the Bronx.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Dyslexia has been around for a long time and has been defined in different ways.
For example, in 1968, the World Federation of Neurologists defined dyslexia as
"a disorder in children who, despite conventional classroom experience, fail to
attain the language skills of reading, writing, and spelling commensurate with
their intellectual abilities." According to the U.S. National Institutes of
Health, dyslexia is a learning disability that can hinder a person's ability to
read, write, spell, and sometimes speak. Dyslexia is the most common learning
disability in children and persists throughout life. The severity of dyslexia
can vary from mild to severe. The sooner dyslexia is treated, the more favorable
the outcome; however, it is never too late for people with dyslexia to learn to
improve their language skills.
Children with dyslexia have difficulty in learning to read despite
traditional instruction, at least average intelligence, and an adequate
opportunity to learn. It is caused by an impairment in the brain's ability to
translate images received from the eyes or ears into understandable language. It
does not result from vision or hearing problems. It is not due to mental
retardation, brain damage, or a lack of intelligence.
Dyslexia can go undetected in the early grades
of schooling. Children can become frustrated by the difficulty
in learning to read, and other problems can arise that disguise
dyslexia. They may show signs of depression and low self-esteem. Behavior problems at home, as well as at school,
often manifest. Children may become unmotivated and develop a dislike for
school, and their success there may be jeopardized if the
problem remains untreated.
What are the signs of a child learning disability?
There is no one sign that shows a person has a learning disability. Experts look for a noticeable difference between how well a child does in school and how well he or she could do, given his or her intelligence or ability. There are also certain clues that may mean a child has a learning disability. We've listed a few below. Most relate to elementary school tasks, because learning disabilities tend to be identified in elementary school. A child probably won't show all of these signs, or even most of them. However, if a child shows a number of these problems, then parents and the teacher should consider the possibility that the child has a learning disability.