Drug Abuse Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Drug Abuse. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Drug Abuse or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Nosebleed Nosebleed is common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. Individual taking blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nosebleed Article
    • Nosebleed facts
    • What causes nosebleeds?
    • How do you stop the common nosebleed?
    • How do you prevent the nose from bleeding again?
    • What precautions can you take to prevent nose bleeding?
    • When should you call your doctor or go to an emergency room?
    • What should I do if the doctor has placed nasal packs?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Congestive Heart Failure Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart's function as a pump is inadequate to meet the body's needs. A...learn more »
    In This Article
    Congestive Heart Failure Article
    • Congestive heart failure facts
    • What is congestive heart failure?
    • What causes congestive heart failure?
    • What are the symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF)?
    • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of congestive heart failure?
    • Lifestyle modifications
    • Medications
    • Heart transplant
    • Other mechanical therapies
    • What is the long term outlook for patients with congestive heart failure?
    • What are the areas of new research in congestive heart failure?
  • Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C) Article
    • Hepatitis C infection (HCV, hep C) facts
    • What is hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the nature (biology) of the hepatitis C virus?
    • How does liver damage occur in hepatitis C infection?
    • How is hepatitis C virus spread, is it contagious, and how can transmission be prevented?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis C infection?
    • What conditions outside the liver are associated with hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the usual progression of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • Who is at high risk and should be tested for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the diagnostic tests for hepatitis C virus and how are they used to diagnose hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in the management of chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • Who should receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the different patterns of response to antiviral treatment?
    • What are the goals of therapy for hepatitis C infection?
    • What are the therapy options for previously untreated patients with chronic hepatitis C infection?
    • How are relapses and nonresponders treated?
    • Should individuals with acute hepatitis C infection be treated?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for hepatitis C infection?
    • What about liver transplantation for hepatitis C infection?
    • What is the current research and what is in the future for hepatitis C infection?
  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Article
    • Abdominal aortic aneurysm facts
    • What is an aneurysm?
    • What is an aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the thoracic and abdominal aorta?
    • Where do aortic aneurysms tend to develop?
    • What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
    • What is inside an aortic aneurysm?
    • Who is most likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What are risk factors of aortic aneurysms?
    • What is the most common cause of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are other causes of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are the symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How is an abdominal aortic aneurysm diagnosed clinically?
    • What tests help in the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What are the complications with an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How are abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired?
    • What is done if an abdominal aortic aneurysm threatens to rupture?
    • What is the medical management (nonsurgical management) of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
  • Sexual Addiction The term sex addiction describes the behavior of someone who has an unusually strong sex drive or sexual obsession. Sex and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Addiction Article
    • Sexual addiction facts
    • What is sexual addiction, and what are the types of sexual addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for sexual addiction?
    • What are sexual addiction symptoms and signs?
    • How is sexual addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sexual addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of sexual addiction?
    • Can sexual addiction be prevented?
    • What are complications of sexual addiction?
    • Are support groups available for sex addicts?
    • What research is being done on sexual addiction?
  • Rhabdomyolysis Rhabdomyolysis is a rapid deterioration and destruction of skeletal muscle. Some of the causes of rhabdomyolysis include severe...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rhabdomyolysis Article
    • Rhabdomyolysis facts
    • What is rhabdomyolysis?
    • What causes rhabdomyolysis?
    • What are the symptoms of rhabdomyolysis?
    • What should I do if I think I have rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis diagnosed?
    • What are the complications of rhabdomyolysis?
    • How is rhabdomyolysis treated?
    • What is the prognosis for rhabdomyolysis?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Aneurysm (Brain) Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aneurysm (Brain) Article
    • Brain aneurysm facts
    • What is a brain aneurysm and what causes a brain aneurysm?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of brain aneurysm?
    • How is brain aneurysm diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for brain aneurysm?
    • What is the outcome of brain aneurysm?
    • What are future directions for the treatment of brain aneurysm?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Steroid Drug Withdrawal Corticosteroid drugs such as prednisone and prednisolone are commonly used to treat asthma, allergic reactions, RA, and IBD....learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Drug Withdrawal Article
    • Steroid withdrawal facts
    • Introduction
    • Withdrawal symptoms
    • Going off steroids
  • Brain Hemorrhage A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Hemorrhage Article
    • What is a brain hemorrhage?
    • What causes a brain hemorrhage?
    • What are the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage?
    • How is a brain hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a brain hemorrhage?
    • What is the prognosis after a brain hemorrhage? Is recovery possible?
    • Special situations
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • How is pain treated?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Appendix
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Date Rape Drugs Date rape drugs such as GHB, rohypnol, and ketamine are sometimes used to assist in a sexual assault. Symptoms and signs of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Date Rape Drugs Article
    • Date rape drugs facts*
    • What are date rape drugs?
    • What do the drugs look like?
    • What effects do these drugs have on the body?
    • Are these drugs legal in the United States?
    • Is alcohol a date rape drug? What about other drugs?
    • How can I protect myself from being a victim?
    • Are there ways to tell if I might have been drugged and raped?
    • What should I do if I think I've been drugged and raped?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Psychotic Disorders Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. Different types of psychotic disorders include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psychotic Disorders Article
    • Psychotic disorder facts
    • What are the different types of psychotic disorders?
    • How common are psychotic disorders?
    • What are causes and risk factors for psychotic disorders in children, teenagers, and adults?
    • What are psychotic disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How are psychotic disorders diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for psychotic disorders?
    • What are potential complications of medications used to treat psychotic disorders?
    • Is it possible to treat psychotic disorders without medication?
    • What are complications of psychotic disorders?
    • What is the prognosis for people with a psychotic disorder?
    • Can psychotic disorders be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about psychotic disorders?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar disorder facts
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
    • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
    • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • What illnesses often coexist with bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
    • What are complications and prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
    • Can bipolar disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder?
    • Where can people find support to help them cope with bipolar disorder?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Septic Arthritis Septic arthritis, or infectious arthritis, is infection of one or more joints by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Septic Arthritis Article
    • Septic arthritis facts
    • What is septic arthritis?
    • What microbes cause septic arthritis?
    • Who is at risk of developing septic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of septic arthritis?
    • How do physicians diagnose septic arthritis?
    • How is septic arthritis treated?
    • What are complications of septic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of septic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent septic arthritis?
  • Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disorder that may cause hallucinations and delusions and affect a person's ability to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizophrenia Article
    • Schizophrenia facts
    • What is schizophrenia?
    • What are the different types of schizophrenia?
    • How common is schizophrenia in children?
    • What is the history of schizophrenia?
    • What are causes of schizophrenia? Is it hereditary?
    • What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
    • How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
    • What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
    • What research is being done on schizophrenia?
    • Where can people get more information about schizophrenia?
  • Sleep Paralysis Sleep paralysis is a condition that causes a person to feel as if he or she is awake but is unable to move. Lack of sleep, sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Paralysis Article
    • Sleep paralysis introduction
    • Is sleep paralysis a symptom of a serious problem?
    • What is sleep paralysis?
    • When does sleep paralysis usually occur?
    • What happens with hypnagogic sleep paralysis?
    • What happens with hypnopompic sleep paralysis?
    • Who develops sleep paralysis?
    • How is sleep paralysis diagnosed?
    • How is sleep paralysis treated?
    • What can I do about sleep paralysis?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Palpitations Palpitations are unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. Palpitations can be relieved in many...learn more »
    In This Article
    Palpitations Article
    • Palpitations facts
    • What are palpitations?
    • What is the normal heartbeat?
    • What are symptoms of arrhythmias?
    • What are the causes of arrhythmias?
    • How are palpitations evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for palpitations?
  • Botulism Botulism is an illness caused by a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. There are three types of botulism:...learn more »
    In This Article
    Botulism Article
    • Botulism facts
    • What is botulism?
    • What causes botulism?
    • How many kinds of botulism are there?
    • How serious is botulism?
    • How does botulism neurotoxin affect the body?
    • What kind of organism is Clostridium botulinum?
    • How common is botulism?
    • What are botulism symptoms and signs?
    • How soon do symptoms appear?
    • How is botulism diagnosed?
    • How is botulism treated?
    • What are complications from botulism?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of people with botulism?
    • Can botulism be prevented?
    • Is botulism neurotoxin really considered to be a potential biological weapon?
    • Why are botulism neurotoxins used as cosmetic treatments or treatments for some medical conditions?
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can young men get erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can erectile dysfunction be prevented?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Microcephaly Article
    • Microcephaly facts*
    • What is microcephaly?
    • What causes microcephaly?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of microcephaly?
    • Is there any treatment for microcephaly?
    • What is the prognosis for microcephaly?
    • What research is being done on microcephaly?
    • For more information
  • Aortic Dissection Aortic dissection is a small tear in the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and supplies blood to the body. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Aortic Dissection Article
    • Aortic dissection facts
    • Introduction to aortic dissection
    • What are the causes of aortic dissection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of aortic dissection?
    • How is aortic dissection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for aortic dissection?
    • What is the prognosis for aortic dissection?
    • Can aortic dissection be prevented?
  • ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung condition in which trauma to the lungs leads to inflammation of the lungs,...learn more »
    In This Article
    ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Article
    • ARDS facts*
    • What is ARDS?
    • ARDS overview
    • What are other names for ARDS?
    • What causes ARDS?
    • Who is at risk for ARDS?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ARDS?
    • How is ARDS diagnosed?
    • How is ARDS treated?
    • What are the complications from ARDS?
    • Living with ARDS
    • What is the prognosis of ARDS?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the human immunodeficiency virus?
    • What is the history of HIV?
    • What causes an HIV infection?
    • What are the different stages of an HIV infection?
    • What are risk factors for an HIV infection?
    • What are HIV infection symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose an HIV infection? What are the different types of HIV tests?
    • What is the treatment for an HIV infection?
    • What are complications of an HIV infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an HIV infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent the transmission of HIV?
    • What research is being done on HIV?
    • Are support groups available for people who are HIV positive?
    • Where can people find more information on HIV?
  • Postherpetic Neuralgia Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a painful complication of shingles. Symptoms include severe pain, itchy skin, and possible...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postherpetic Neuralgia Article
    • Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) facts
    • What is postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What causes postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What are the risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What are postherpetic neuralgia symptoms and signs?
    • How is postherpetic neuralgia diagnosed?
    • How is postherpetic neuralgia treated?
    • How long does postherpetic neuralgia last?
    • What are the complications of postherpetic neuralgia?
    • What is the prognosis for postherpetic neuralgia?
    • Can postherpetic neuralgia be prevented?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Marijuana Get the latest marijuana statistics and information. Learn its negative effects and how this illegal drug, also known as pot,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marijuana Article
    • Marijuana facts
    • What is marijuana, and how is it abused?
    • What is medical marijuana? How is medical marijuana prescribed?
    • What are other names for marijuana?
    • What is the history and different types of marijuana?
    • Is marijuana addictive?
    • What are the psychological and social effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the physical effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the treatments for marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Can marijuana abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about marijuana abuse and addiction?
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a dramatic personality disorder that is characterized by a distorted self-image,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder Article
    • Narcissistic personality disorder facts
    • What is narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What are narcissistic personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is narcissistic personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of narcissistic personality disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent narcissistic personality disorder?
    • Are there support groups for people with narcissistic personality disorder?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) ADHD afflicts approximately 3 percent to 5 percent of school-age children and an estimated 60 percent of those maintain the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What is the impact of ADHD in adults?
    • How common is ADHD in adults?
    • What are common adult ADHD symptoms, behaviors, and problems?
    • What school-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What work-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What social-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What relationship-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • How is adult ADHD diagnosed?
    • What medications are used in the treatment of adult ADHD?
    • What psychosocial behavior management strategies treat ADHD?
    • Are there support groups for adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Drug Abuse Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has many symptoms, signs, and causes. Therapy is one treatment option for antisocial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antisocial Personality Disorder Article
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) facts
    • What are antisocial personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What is the difference between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?
    • What are causes and risk factors of antisocial personality disorder?
    • How is antisocial personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
    • What happens if antisocial personality disorder is not treated? What is the prognosis of antisocial personality disorder?
  • Mental Health Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Health Article
    • Mental health and mental illness facts
    • What is mental health?
    • What is mental illness?
    • What are common types of mental illness?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for mental illness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness?
    • How is mental illness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a mental health problem?
    • Can mental health disorders be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for mental health problems?
    • Where can people get support for mental health disorders?
    • Where can people get more information about mental illnesses?
  • Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual and extreme mood changes. Symptoms of bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Article
    • Introduction
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What are common symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What affects a child's risk of getting bipolar disorder?
    • How does bipolar disorder affect children and teens differently than adults?
    • How is bipolar disorder detected in children and teens?
    • What illnesses often co-exist with bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What treatments are available for children and teens with bipolar disorder?
    • What can children and teens with bipolar disorder expect from treatment?
    • Where can families of children with bipolar disorder get help?
    • Where can I go for help?
    • What if my child is in crisis?
    • For more information on bipolar disorder
  • Smokeless Tobacco Smokeless tobacco can have negative health effects such as cancers, poor oral health (gum disease and tooth decay), infertility,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smokeless Tobacco Article
    • Smokeless tobacco facts
    • What is smokeless tobacco?
    • What are the health risks of smokeless tobacco?
    • Cancer risk
    • Other health risks
    • Is smokeless tobacco safer than cigarette smoking?
    • What is being done to reduce the use of smokeless tobacco?
    • What treatments are available to help people quit using smokeless tobacco?
  • Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the bite of an infected sand fly. The most common types of leishmania infection are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leishmaniasis Article
    • Leishmaniasis facts
    • What is leishmaniasis?
    • What are the different types of leishmaniasis?
    • What causes leishmaniasis? How is leishmaniasis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for leishmaniasis?
    • What are leishmaniasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is leishmaniasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for leishmaniasis?
    • What is the prognosis of leishmaniasis?
    • Can leishmaniasis be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about leishmaniasis?
  • Steroid Abuse Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Steroid Abuse Article
    • Anabolic steroid abuse facts
    • What are anabolic steroids?
    • Why do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • How do people abuse anabolic steroids?
    • Are anabolic steroids addictive?
    • What are the psychological and physical side effects of anabolic steroid abuse?
    • How are anabolic steroid abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anabolic steroid abuse and addiction?
    • Can anabolic steroid abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on anabolic steroid abuse?
  • Learning Disabilities Learning disabilities can cause an individual to have trouble learning and using skills such as reading, listening, writing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Learning Disabilities Article
    • What are learning disabilities?
    • How common are learning disabilities?
    • What are the signs of a learning disability?
    • What about school and learning disabilities?
    • Tips for parents of children with learning disabilities
    • Tips for teachers of children with learning disabilities
    • Is there any treatment for learning disabilities?
    • What is the prognosis for learning disabilities?
    • What research is being done for learning disabilities?
    • For more information
  • Munchausen Syndrome Munchausen syndrome is a factitious disorder and attention-seeking syndrome in which an individual pretends to have physical or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome Article
    • Munchausen syndrome facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome?
    • What causes Munchausen syndrome?
    • What are Munchausen syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Munchausen syndrome?
    • Can Munchausen syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about Munchausen syndrome?
  • Alcohol and Teens Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by American teenagers. Teens that drink are more likely to drive under the influence,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcohol and Teens Article
    • Alcohol and teens facts
    • How much alcohol do teens use?
    • What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent alcohol use?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen alcoholism?
    • What are the symptoms of alcohol abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol intoxication?
    • What is alcohol poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for alcoholism?
    • What is the prognosis for alcoholism?
    • How can a teen get help for an alcohol problem?
  • Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Article
    • Brain damage introduction
    • What are the types of brain damage and how severe are they?
    • What causes brain damage?
    • What are the symptoms of brain damage?
    • How are brain damage and brain injuries treated?
    • Can I prevent brain injuries?
  • Cocaine and Crack Abuse Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cocaine and Crack Abuse Article
    • Cocaine and crack abuse facts
    • What is cocaine? What is crack?
    • How is cocaine abused?
    • What are cocaine's effects on the body and the mind?
    • What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • How is cocaine addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal?
    • What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse?
  • Hypersomnia Hypersomnia is a condition where a person has excessive daytime sleepiness and trouble staying awake during the day. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypersomnia Article
    • Introduction to hypersomnia
    • What causes hypersomnia?
    • How is hypersomnia diagnosed?
    • How is hypersomnia treated?
  • Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Bronchiectasis has three types: 1) cylindrical bronchiectasis, 2) saccular or varicose bronchiectasis, 3) and cystic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bronchiectasis (Acquired, Congenital) Article
    • What is the definition of bronchiectasis?
    • What is bronchiectasis?
    • Who is at risk for bronchiectasis?
    • What causes bronchiectasis?
    • What are the types of bronchiectasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis?
    • When should I contact my doctor for bronchiectasis?
    • How is the diagnosis of bronchiectasis made?
    • What is the treatment for bronchiectasis?
    • Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of bronchiectasis?
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Domestic Violence Domestic violence, or intimate partner abuse, is when one person in an intimate relationship uses any means to control the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Domestic Violence Article
    • Domestic violence facts
    • What is domestic violence?
    • What is the history of domestic violence?
    • What are the effects of domestic abuse?
    • What are the causes or risk factors for intimate partner violence?
    • What are the warning signs and symptoms of intimate partner abuse?
    • How is domestic violence assessed?
    • How is intimate partner violence treated?
    • How is intimate partner abuse legally addressed?
    • What is the prognosis for domestic violence?
    • How can intimate partner abuse be prevented and stopped?
    • Where can people get help for domestic violence?
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How is depression in children diagnosed?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis of depression in children?
    • Can depression in children be prevented?
    • Where can families get support for a child with depression?
  • Bath Salts Ingredients of the drug bath salts include mephedrone, methylone, MDPV, or MDPK. Feeling high and sexually stimulated are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bath Salts Article
    • Bath salts facts
    • What are bath salts, and how are bath salts abused?
    • What is the history of bath salts?
    • Are bath salts addictive?
    • Are bath salts legal?
    • What are risk and protective (prevention) factors for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bath salts intoxication?
    • What are the side effects, complications, and prognosis of abusing bath salts?
    • How is bath salts abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?
  • Fungal Arthritis Fungal arthritis is inflammation of a joint by a fungus that has invaded the body and is growing in the normally sterile joint....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fungal Arthritis Article
    • Fungal arthritis facts
    • What is fungal arthritis?
    • What causes fungal arthritis?
    • What are risks for developing fungal arthritis?
    • What are fungal arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is fungal arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is fungal arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of fungal arthritis?
    • Can fungal arthritis be prevented?
  • Child Abuse Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S....learn more »
    In This Article
    Child Abuse Article
    • Child abuse facts
    • What is child abuse?
    • What are the different types of child abuse?
    • What are risk factors for child abuse?
    • What are symptoms and signs of child abuse?
    • How do physicians diagnose child abuse?
    • What is the treatment for child abuse?
    • What are the complications and prognosis of child abuse?
    • Is it possible to prevent child abuse?
    • What should people do if they suspect that a child is being abused?
    • Where can people find more information about child abuse?
  • Depression Depression is a mental illness that affects 19 million Americans annually. Causes are genetic, environmental, and biological....learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Types of Depression
    • Depression Facts/Statistics
    • Causes of Depression
    • Symptoms and Signs of Depression
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Depression Diagnosis
    • Depression Treatment
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Depression Medications
    • Other Therapy for Depression
    • Alternative Treatments, Complementary Therapies, and Electroconvulsive Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Depression Prevention
    • Depression Prognosis
    • Getting Help: Support Groups and Counseling
    • For More Information
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Article
    • ADHD in teens introduction
    • What causes ADHD in teens?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose ADHD in teens?
    • What are the symptoms of ADHD in teens?
    • How does ADHD in teens affect executive function?
    • What kinds of difficulties do teens with ADHD face?
    • What are nonmedical treatment strategies for teen ADHD?
    • What stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What are the potential side effects of stimulant medications?
    • What non-stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What alternative treatments are available for ADHD in teens?
  • Factitious Disorders Factitious disorders are conditions in which people pretend to have physical or mental illnesses when they aren't sick. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Factitious Disorders Article
    • Types of factitious disorders
    • What are the symptoms of factitious disorders?
    • What causes factitious disorders?
    • How common are factitious disorders?
    • How are factitious disorders diagnosed?
    • How are factitious disorders treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with factitious disorders?
    • Can factitious disorders be prevented?
  • 13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Parenting a teenager who has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be challenging. Parents can use specific...learn more »
    In This Article
    13 Tips for Parenting a Teen With ADHD Article
    • Introduction to parenting teens
    • 13 tips for dealing with your ADHD teen
    • ADHD teens and driving
    • ADHD teens, school, and homework
    • ADHD teens, alcohol, and drugs
    • Alcohol use by children
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Hypothermia (Extended Exposure to Cold) Hyothermia or extreme exposure to cold can be classified as either accidental hypothermia (unintentional cold exposure) and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothermia (Extended Exposure to Cold) Article
    • What is hypothermia?
    • What are the risk factors for hypothermia?
    • What body parts are more susceptible to hypothermia?
    • What causes hypothermia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypothermia?
    • When should I call my doctor for hypothermia?
    • How is hypothermia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hypothermia?
    • Home remedies for hypothermia
    • What items should I have to be prepared to prevent hypothermia?
    • What is the prognosis for hypothermia?
  • Khat Khat (Abyssinian tea, African salad, oat, kat, chat, and catha) is a flowering evergreen shrub native to East Africa and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Khat Article
    • What is Khat and what are the street names for Khat?
    • What does Khat look like?
    • How is Khat used?
    • What are the health side effects of Khat use?
    • Who uses Khat?
    • How does Khat get to the United States?
    • Who much does Khat cost?
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, are the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma) Article
    • Shaken baby syndrome facts
    • What is shaken baby syndrome?
    • What causes shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for shaken baby syndrome?
    • What are complications and long-term effects of shaken baby syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of shaken baby syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent shaken baby syndrome?
    • What can caregivers or parents do to calm a crying baby?
  • Job Stress and Your Health Early warning signs of job stress include headache, sleep disturbance, difficulty in concentrating, short temper, upset stomach,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Job Stress and Your Health Article
    • Tips to Reduce and Manage Job and Workplace Stress
    • Coping with work stress in today's uncertain climate
    • Tip 1: Recognize warning signs of excessive stress at work
    • Tip 2: Reduce job stress by taking care of yourself
    • Tip 3: Reduce job stress by prioritizing and organizing
    • Tip 4: Reduce job stress by improving emotional intelligence
    • Tip 5: Reduce job stress by breaking bad habits
    • Tip 6: Learn how managers or employers can reduce job stress
  • Club Drugs Ecstasy (MDMA), Rohypnol, ketamine and GHB are a few of the different types of drugs abused at bars, raves and parties. Rohypnol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Club Drugs Article
    • How are club drugs abused?
    • How do club drugs affect the body?
    • Are club drugs addictive?
    • What other adverse effects do club drugs have on health?
    • What treatment options exist for those who abuse or are dependent upon club drugs?
    • How widespread is club drug abuse?
    • Where can people find more information about club drugs?