Drug Abuse and Addiction

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

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Quick GuideDrug Abuse Pictures Slideshow: Commonly Abused Prescription and OTC Drugs

Drug Abuse Pictures Slideshow: Commonly Abused Prescription and OTC Drugs

Where can people get more information and help for drug use disorders?

  • Al-Anon-Alateen: 888-4AL-ANON
  • Alcoholics Anonymous World Services: 212-870-3400
  • American Council on Alcoholism treatment referral line: 800-527-5344
  • Kids Against Drugs: http://www.kidsagainstdrugs.com
  • Mothers Against Drunk Driving: 800-GET-MADD
  • Narconon: http://www.narconon.org/
  • Narcotics Anonymous: http://www.na.org
  • National Clearinghouse for Alcoholism and Drug Information: 800-729-6686
  • National Cocaine Hotline: 800-COCAINE (262-2463)
  • National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: 800-NCA-CALL
  • National Drug Information Treatment and Referral Hotline: 800-662-HELP (4357)
  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: 301-443-3860
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse: http://www.nida.nih.gov
  • National Resource Center: 866-870-4979

Medically reviewed by Marina Katz, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology

REFERENCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Treatment Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

American Psychiatric Association. Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders, Second Edition. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association, 2006.

Brown, T.T. and A.S. Dobs. "Endocrine effects of marijuana." Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 42 (2002): 90S-96S.

Chermack, S.T., R.L. Murray, M.A. Walton, B.A. Booth, J. Wryobeck, and F.C. Blow. "Partner Aggression Among Men and Women in Substance Use Disorder Treatment: Correlates of Psychological and Physical Aggression and Injury." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 98.1-2 Nov. 2008: 35-44.

Compton, W.M., Y.F. Thomas, F.S. Stinson, and B.F. Grant. "Prevalence, Correlates, Disability and Comorbidity of DSM-IV Drug Abuse and Dependence in the United States." Archives of General Psychiatry 64.5 (2007): 566-576.

Drake, R.E., and K.T. Mueser. "Psychosocial Approaches to Dual Diagnosis." Schizophrenia Bulletin 26.1 (2000): 105-118.

Drake, R.E., and M.A. Wallach. "Dual Diagnosis: 15 Years of Progress." Psychiatric Services 51 Sept. 2000: 1126-1129.

Ducci, F., M.A. Enoch, Q. Yuan, P.H. Shen, et al. "HTR3B Is Associated With Alcoholism With Antisocial Behavior and Alpha EEG-Power -- An Intermediate Phenotype for Alcoholism and Co-Morbid Behaviors." Alcohol 43.1 Feb. 2009: 73-84.

Etheridge, R.M., J.C. Smith, J.L. Rounds-Bryant, and R.L. Hubbard. "Drug Abuse Treatment and Comprehensive Services for Adolescents." Journal of Adolescent Research 16 (2001): 563-589.

Farrell, H.M. "Batterers: a review of violence and risk assessment tools." Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 39.4 Dec. 2011: 562-574.

Farrer, S. "School-Based Program Promotes Positive Behavior, Reduces Risk Factors for Drug Use, Other Problems." National Institute of Drug Abuse 18.6 (2004).

Fillmore, M.T. "Drug Abuse as a Problem of Impaired Control: Current Approaches and Findings." Behavioral Cognitive Neuroscience Review 2 (2003): 179.

Flensborg-Madsen, T., J. Knop, E.L. Mortensen, et al. "Amount of Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Developing Alcoholism in Men and Women." Alcohol and Alcoholism 42.5 (2007): 442-447.

Friedman, R.A. "The Changing Face of Teenage Drug Abuse -- The Trend Toward Prescription Drugs." New England Journal of Medicine 354.14 Apr. 2006: 1448-1450.

Henkel, D. "Unemployment and substance use: a review of the literature (1990-2010)." Current Drug Abuse Review 4.1 Mar. 2011: 4-27.

Keena, J., P. Oliver, G. Rowsec, and N. Mathers. "Keeping families of heroin addicts together: results of 13 months' intake for community detoxification and rehabilitation at a family centre for drug users." Family Practice 17.6 (20000): 484-489.

Korhonen, T., U.M. Kujala, R.J. Rose, and J. Kaprio. "Physical Activity in Adolescence as a Predictor of Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in Early Adulthood: A Longitudinal Population-Based Twin Study." Twin Research in Human Genetics 12.3 June 2009: 261-268.

Luty, J. "Nicotine addiction and smoking cessation treatments." Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 8 (2002): 42-48.

Morton, W.A. "Cocaine and Psychiatric Symptoms." Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Primary Care Companion 1.4 Aug. 1999: 109-113.

National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. <http://www.ncadd.org>.

Schinke, S., and T. Schwinn. "Gender-Specific Computer-Based Intervention for Preventing Drug Abuse Among Girls." American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 31.4 (2005): 609-616.

Setlik, J., G.R. Bond, and M. Ho. "Adolescent Prescription ADHD Medication Abuse Is Rising Along With Prescriptions for These Medications." Pediatrics 124.3 Sept. 2009: 875-880.

United States. U.S. Department of Justice, National Drug Intelligence Center. "National Drug Threat Assessment." February 2010. <http://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs38/38661/38661p.pdf>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/4/2016
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