GENERIC NAME: dronabinol
BRAND NAME: Marinol, THC
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dronabinol (Marinol) is a man-made compound that contains cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant (Cannabis sativa L). Dronabinol contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in standardized concentrations and does not contain other compounds found in street marijuana that is not approved by the FDA for medical use. Dronabinol activates cannabinoid receptors causing a wide range of effects in the brain, including short-term memory loss, euphoria, enhanced sensation, and increased appetite. It also prevents nausea and vomiting probably by inhibiting the vomiting center in the brain. Dronabinol was approved by the FDA in May 1985.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Dronabinol is a prescription medicine used to improve appetite in AIDS patients with weight loss problems. It also is used for preventing nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy in patients who have failed to respond to standard drugs for managing nausea and vomiting.
SIDE EFFECTS WARNING: Dronabinol contains cannabinoids and sesame oil and should not be used by patients who are allergic to these substances.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of dronabinol include
- rapid heartbeat,
- facial flushing,
- abdominal pain,
- paranoid reaction, and
- abnormal thinking.
Quick GuidePancreatic Cancer Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.