GENERIC NAME: dopamine hydrochloride
DISCONTINUED BRANDS: Intropin
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dopamine is a chemical produced by our body and it has several functions. Dopamine works as a neurotransmitter (chemical that nerves use to communicate) in the brain. It is also converted to norepinephrine, another neurotransmitter. Dopamine increases heart rate and heart muscle contractions. It also causes increases in blood pressure. The FDA approved dopamine in February 1974.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Dopamine is prescribed to correct hemodynamic status in patients with shock syndrome due to heart attack (myocardial infarction), trauma, open-heart surgery, renal failure, congestive heart failure, and other causes of shock syndrome. This means dopamine may be capable of improving urine flow, blood pressure, blood flow to vital organs, and improving heart function in patients with shock syndrome.
SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dopamine may include:
- increased heart rate,
- abnormal heart rhythm,
- increased or decreased blood pressure,
- disordered breathing,
- headache, and
- increased blood urea nitrogen.
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
PREPARATIONS: Additive solutions for IV infusion: 40, 80, 160 mg/ml. Infusion Solution: 80, 160, 320, mg/100 ml
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