Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Effective solutions for preventing intimate partner abuse include providing economic opportunity, mentors, role models who are survivors of domestic violence, organized community programs for youth and families and a school environment that promotes prevention of abusiveness in any relationship. Adult family members can help prevent domestic violence by being nurturing and by providing consistent, structured supervision. Raising the awareness about intimate partner violence in society at large, as occurs during Domestic Violence Awareness Month each October, can be invaluable to educating people about this issue.
According to the House of Ruth, a domestic violence center, everyone can help find ways to stop domestic violence, either by donating money or time to a domestic-violence organization, learning more about the problem, teaching children about healthy versus abusive relationships, listening in a nonjudgmental way to a domestic violence victim when he or she shares what they are going through, and giving victims information about where to get help. Supporters of intimate partner abuse victims can also discourage sexist jokes and remarks, boycott movies that gratuitously depict intimate partner violence and violence against women, and write legislators to support laws that protect and otherwise support intimate violence sufferers. Advocacy can further involve encouraging one's own health-care providers to post and share information about the issue. In the workplace, those who want to help stop to domestic abuse can organize a drive or fundraiser for goods or money to give to a domestic-violence organization.
American Domestic Violence Crisis Line 3300 N.W. 185th Street, Suite 133 Portland, OR 97229 Phone: 503-846-8748 Toll-free: 1-866-USWOMEN (International Crisis Line) http://www.866uswomen.org The American Domestic Violence Crisis Line provides safety planning, support services, and general information on domestic violence for American women living overseas who are victims of domestic violence.
Communities United Against Violence 160 14th Street San Francisco, CA 94103 Phone: 415-777-5500 Support Line: 415-333-HELP http://www.cuav.org Communities United Against Violence offers crisis intervention, counseling, advocacy, and support for gay men and lesbians in abusive relationships.
Maitri 234 East Gish Road #200 San Jose, CA 95112 Phone: 408-436-8393 Toll-free hotline: 1-888-8-MAITRI http://www.maitri.org Maitri helps South Asian (Bengali, Indian, Pakistani, and Sri Lankan) women with domestic violence, emotional abuse, and family conflict.
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs 212-714-1184
National Domestic Violence Hotline 1-800-799-7233 (1-800-799-SAFE) http://www.ndvh.org The 24-hour, toll-free hotline provides crisis intervention, referrals to battered women's shelters and programs, social-service agencies, legal programs, and other groups and organizations willing to help, and resources for battered women and their friends and families.
National Resource Center on Domestic Violence 6400 Flank Drive, Suite 1300 Harrisburg, PA 17112 1-800-537-2238 ext. 5 TTY: 1-800-553-2508 Fax: 717-545-9456
The Network La Red P.O. Box 6011 Boston, MA 02114 Phone: 617-695-0877 Hotline: 617-423-7233 http://www.thenetworklared.org The Network La Red offers bilingual (English and Spanish) information and resources for lesbian and bisexual women in violent relationships.
Reconstructive Surgery/Domestic Abuse Line Toll-free: 1-800-842-4546 Reconstructive Surgery/Domestic Abuse Line provides free reconstructive surgery for male and female victims of domestic violence.
Safe Horizon 800-621-HOPE (4673) http://www.safehorizon.org Provides case management, individual counseling, and support groups for domestic violence victims
Violence Project PMB 131 955 Mass Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 Phone: 617-354-6056 Toll-free Crisis Line: 1-800-832-1901 http://www.gmdvp.org Violence Project offers information and resources for gay men in violent relationships.
The future of finding solutions to domestic violence includes continuing to improve the effectiveness of treatment and to strengthen legal protection for victims, as well as accountability and treatment for abusers. Those goals should expand effective treatment and legal protections to address cyber-stalking and to manage the unique issues faced by individuals who are in gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender relationships.
Abuse, Rape, Domestic Violence Aid and Resource Collection:
AARDVARC. GLBT Domestic Violence: Similarities and Differences. March 2007.
Abuse, Rape, Domestic Violence Aid and Resource Collection: AARDVARC. Warning
signs of domestic violence. July 2007.
Anda, R.F., C.L. Whitfield, V.J. Felitti, et al. "Adverse childhood experiences, alcoholic parents, and later risk of alcoholism and depression." Psychiatric Services 53 Aug. 2002: 1001-1009.
Attorney General of the United States. Cyberstalking: A new challenge for law enforcement and industry. 1999 Report on Cyberstalking 1999 August.
Bailey, J.E., Kellermann, A.L., Somes, G.W., Banton, J.G., Rivara, F.P., and Rushforth, N.P. Risk
factors for violent death of women in the home. Archives of Internal Medicine,
Volume 157(7), April 1997.
Carswell, S. Historical development of the pro-arrest policy, in: Family Violence and the Pro-arrest Policy: A Literature Review. New Zealand Ministry of Justice 2006 December.
Carter, J. Domestic violence, child abuse and youth violence: strategies for
prevention and early intervention. March 2005.
Coker, A.L., Smith, P.H., McKeown, R.E., and King, M.J. Frequency and correlates of intimate
partner violence by type: physical, sexual and psychological battering. American
Journal of Public Health. 2000 April; 90 (4): 553-559.
De Benedictis, T., Jaffe, J., and Segal, J. Domestic violence and abuse: types, signs,
symptoms, causes and effects. The American Academy of Experts in Traumatic
Durborow, N., K.C. Lizdas, A. O'Flaherty, et al. Compendium of State Statutes and Policies on Domestic Violence and Health Care. Family Violence Prevention Fund:
San Francisco, CA; 2010.
Ellison, C.G., Bartkowski, J.P., and Anderson, K.L. Are there religious variations in
domestic violence? Journal of Family Issues. Volume 20(1), 87-113. 1999.
Fernandez, F.M., and Krueger, P.M. Domestic violence: effect on pregnancy outcome.
Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, Volume 99 (5), 254. 1999.
Friedmann, M.D. Barriers to screening for domestic violence. Journal of General
Internal Medicine, Volume 17(2): 112-116, February 2002.
Goldsmith, T.D. Self quiz: am I in an abusive relationship? PsychCentral,
October 19, 2006.
Gordon, J.A., and Moriarty, L.J. The effects of domestic violence batterer treatment
on domestic violence recidivism. Criminal Justice and Behavior, Volume 30(1),
Groban, M.S. The federal domestic violence laws and the enforcement of these laws. Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse 2005.
Heru, A.M. New findings in intimate partner violence. Psychiatric Times 2008 August, 25(9).
Johnson, J. Relationship abuse, intimate partner violence and domestic
violence threaten individuals and society. Planned Parenthood Federation of
Koenen, K.C., Moffitt, T.E., Caspi, A., Taylor, A., & Purcell, S. Domestic violence is
associated with environmental suppression of IQ in young children. Development
and Psychopathology, Volume 15: 297-311, 2003.
Kyriacou, D.N., Anglin, D., Taliaferro, E., Stone, S., Tubb, T., Linden, J.A.,
et al. Risk factors for injury to women from domestic violence. New
England Journal of Medicine, Volume 341: 1892-1898. December 16, 1999.
Lehmann, C. Domestic violence overlooked in same-sex couples. Psychiatric
News; American Psychiatric Association, Volume 37 (12): p. 22. June 21, 2002.
Mayell, H. Thousands of women killed for family "honor." National Geographic.
February 12, 2002.
Moran, M. Partner abuse more common in adults with disorders as teens.
Psychiatric News, Volume 41 (11), page 25; June 2, 2006.
Murphy, C.M., O'Farrell, T.J., and Hutton, V.V. Domestic violence before and after
alcoholism treatment: a two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Studies on
Alcohol, Volume 60, 1999.
Murty, S.A., Peek-Asa, C., Zwerdling, C., Stromquist, A.M., Burmeister, L.F.,
and Merchant, J.A.
Physical and emotional partner abuse reported by men and women in a rural
community. American Public Health Association 2003.
National Women's History Project. email@example.com Timeline of legal history of
women in the United States. A Timeline of the Women's Rights Movement 1848-1998.
O'Leary, K.D. Psychological abuse: a variable deserving critical attention in
domestic violence. Violence Victimization, Volume 14 (1): 3-23. 1999.
Rodriguez, M.A., McLoughlin, E., Nah, G., and Campbell, J.C. Mandatory reporting of
domestic violence injuries to the police: What do emergency department patients
think? Journal of the American Medical Association. 286: 580-583. 2001.
Rudolph, M.N., and Hughes, D.H. Emergency psychiatry: emergency assessments of
domestic violence, sexual dangerousness, and elder and child abuse. Psychiatric
Services 52: 281-306, March 2001. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.
Crime definitions. 2006.
Silverman, J.G., Mesh, C.M., Cuthbert, C.V., Slote, K., and Bancroft, L. Child custody determinations in cases involving intimate partner violence: a human rights analysis. American Journal of Public Health 2004 June: 94(6): 951-957.
Sullivan, C.M., and Bybee, D.I. Reducing violence using community-based advocacy for
women with abusive partners. Journal of Consultation in Clinical Psychology.
Feb; 67(1): 43-53, 1999.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Intimate partner violence: an overview." August
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Physical dating violence among high school
students-United States, 2003." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 55(10),
532-535, May 2006.
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Violence Against
Women Office. Stalking violence. Report to Congress, May 2001.
Vachss, A. Domestic violence U.S. resources. The Zero. 1996-2007.
Washington State University. Domestic violence in the workplace guide. Human
Resource Services. 2007.