diazepam, Valium

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GENERIC NAME: diazepam

BRAND NAME: Valium, Diastat

DRUG CLASS: Diazepam is an oral medication that is used to treat anxiety. It belongs to the benzodiazepine family of drugs, the same family that includes alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), flurazepam (Dalmane), and others. Diazepam and other benzodiazepines act by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA is a neurotransmitter (a chemical that nerve cells use to communicate with each other) that inhibits activity in the brain. It is believed that excessive activity in the brain may lead to anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. The FDA approved diazepam in November 1963.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 2, 5 and 10 mg. Oral Solution: 1 mg/ml, 5 mg/ml. Injection Solution: 5 mg/ml. Intramuscular Device: 10 mg/2 ml. Rectal Gel: 2.5, 10 and 20 mg.

STORAGE: Diazepam should be stored at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Diazepam is used for the treatment of disorders with anxiety. Diazepam also is used for the treatment of agitation, tremors, delirium, seizures, and hallucinations resulting from alcohol withdrawal. It is used for the treatment of seizures, relief of muscle spasms in some neurological diseases, and for sedation during surgery.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/1/2013



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