GENERIC NAME: diazepam
BRAND NAME: Valium, Diastat, Acudial, Diastat Pediatric, Diazepam Intensol
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
USES: Diazepam is used for the treatment of disorders with anxiety. Diazepam also is used for the treatment of agitation, tremors, delirium, seizures, and hallucinations resulting from alcohol withdrawal. It is used for the treatment of seizures, relief of muscle spasms in some neurological diseases, and for sedation during surgery.
WARNING: Diazepam can lead to addiction (dependency), especially when higher dosages are used over prolonged periods of time. In patients addicted to diazepam or after prolonged use, abrupt discontinuation may cause symptoms of withdrawal such as:
Seizures can occur in more severe cases of withdrawal. Therefore, after extended use, diazepam should be slowly tapered under a doctor's supervision rather than abruptly stopped.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of diazepam are:
Other important side effects include:
- paradoxical reactions with excitability,
- muscle spasm,
- lack of sleep,
- speech problems, and
- double vision
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