Diarrhea Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Diarrhea. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Diarrhea or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from...learn more »
  • Colitis (Types) Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...learn more »
  • Anal Itching Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch....learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Itching Article
    • Anal itching facts
    • What is anal itching?
    • What causes anal itching?
    • What are additional symptoms associated with anal itching?
    • What kind of doctor treats anal itching?
    • How is the cause of anal itching diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anal itching?
    • Local anesthetics
    • Vasoconstrictors
    • Protectants
    • Astringents
    • Antiseptics
    • Keratolytics
    • Analgesics
    • Corticosteroids
    • What if anal itching persists?
  • Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Staphylococcus or Staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness...learn more »
  • Anal Fissure An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the skin lining of the anus. Pain and/or rectal bleeding during bowel movements are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anal Fissure Article
    • Anal fissures facts
    • What are anal fissures?
    • What causes anal fissures?
    • What are the symptoms of anal fissures?
    • How are anal fissures diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for anal fissures?
    • General treatment and home remedies for anal fissures
    • Prescription medications for anal fissures
    • Surgical treatment for anal fissures
    • A doctor's observation on anal fissure treatment
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Article
    • Colon cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
    • What are the causes of colon cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
    • How can colon cancer be prevented?
    • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
    • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
  • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Most people with diverticulosis have few if any symptoms at all. When people do experience signs and symptoms of diverticulosis...learn more »
  • Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Abdominal pain can have many causes. Some of the less serious causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food...learn more »
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
  • Food Poisoning Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Poisoning Article
    • Food poisoning facts
    • What is food poisoning?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of food poisoning?
    • Are food poisoning and stomach flu the same thing?
    • How long does food poisoning last?
    • What are the types of food poisoning?
    • What are the causes of food poisoning?
    • Short incubation of less than 16 to 24 hours
    • Intermediate incubation from about 1 to 3 days
    • Long incubation of 3 to 5 days
    • Very long incubation of up to a month
    • When should the doctor be called for food poisoning?
    • How is food poisoning diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for food poisoning?
    • Are there any home remedies for food poisoning?
    • How can food poisoning be prevented?
    • What are the complications of food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with food poisoning?
  • Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Causes include pregnancy, obesity, diarrhea, low-fiber diet, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemorrhoids Article
    • What is the definition of a hemorrhoid?
    • What causes hemorrhoids?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a hemorrhoid?
    • What does a hemorrhoid look like?
    • How is the diagnosis of hemorrhoids made?
    • How are hemorrhoids treated?
    • OTC medications and home remedies for hemorrhoids
    • Non-surgical approaches
    • Hemorrhoid surgery
    • What is the prognosis for hemorrhoids?
  • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
    • Intestinal gas facts
    • What causes belching or burping?
    • What causes bloating?
    • What causes flatulence (gas)?
    • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat excessive gas, belching, bloating, and flatulence?
    • How are the causes of belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for excessive intestinal gas caused by medical conditions?
    • What natural or home remedies help soothe and get rid of intestinal gas?
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) products are available to soothe and cure excessive gas?
    • What foods cause intestinal gas?
    • What's new in intestinal gas?
  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola? Is roseola contagious?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread? What is the incubation period for roseola?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • What specialties of doctors treat roseola?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose roseola?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What are home remedies for roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should one do if his or her child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • How long does roseola last?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should a child with roseola see a doctor?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • Can dehydration be prevented?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • Migraine headache facts
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are migraine triggers?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • Migraine medications
    • What self-care treatment and lifestyle changes work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium) Hyponatremia is a condition where the level of sodium in the blood is low. Causes of hyponatremia can occur from excess fluid in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium) Article
    • Hyponatremia facts
    • What is hyponatremia (low blood sodium)?
    • What causes hyponatremia (low blood sodium)?
    • What are the symptoms of hyponatremia (low blood sodium)?
    • How is hyponatremia (low blood sodium) diagnosed?
    • How is hyponatremia (low blood sodium) treated?
  • Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Potassium is an essential electrolyte necessary for cell function. Low potassium (hypokalemia) may be caused by diarrhea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Article
    • What is potassium?
    • What are the causes of low potassium (hypokalemia)?
    • What are the symptoms of low potassium?
    • How is low potassium diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low potassium?
    • How can low potassium be prevented?
  • Pinworms Pinworm infection is an intestinal infection caused by a pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm. Female pinworms leave the intestine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pinworms Article
    • Pinworms facts
    • Can humans get pinworms?
    • What are the symptoms of pinworms in children and adults?
    • Who gets pinworms?
    • How do you get pinworms?
    • Can you get pinworms in the vagina?
    • What do pinworms and their eggs look like (pinworm pictures)?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat pinworms?
    • How is the tape test used in diagnosing pinworms?
    • Are there natural or home remedies that treat pinworms?
    • What medicine treats pinworms?
    • What are the consequences if pinworms aren't treated?
    • Can pinworms be prevented?
  • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
    In This Article
    Crohn's Disease Article
    • Crohn's disease facts
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • What causes Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
    • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
    • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
    • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Crohn's disease treated?
    • Crohn's Disease Medications
    • Anti-inflammatory medications
    • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
    • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
    • Corticosteroids
    • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
    • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
    • Immuno-modulator medications
    • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
    • Infliximab (Remicade)
    • Adalimumab (Humira)
    • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
    • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
    • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
    • Surgery in Crohn's disease
    • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
    • Conclusions
  • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Article
    • Ulcerative colitis facts
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
    • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
    • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
    • 5-ASA Compounds
    • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
    • Golimumab (Simponi)
    • What are immunomodulator medications?
    • Summary of medication treatment
    • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
    • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
    • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
    • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
  • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
    • What is a bladder infection?
    • What causes bladder infections?
    • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
    • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
    • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
    • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
    • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
    • Can bladder infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
  • SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) is a condition in which invasive bacteria gather in the small intestine causing...learn more »
    In This Article
    SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) Article
    • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) facts
    • What causes SIBO?
    • Who is at risk for SIBO?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of SIBO?
    • How is the diagnosis of SIBO made?
    • What is the treatment for SIBO?
    • Can SIBO be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for SIBO?
  • Jet Lag Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jet Lag Article
    • What is jet lag?
    • What are other symptoms and signs of jet lag?
    • How long does jet lag last?
    • What is a time zone?
    • What causes jet lag?
    • How does the body keep time?
    • Does the direction of travel matter?
    • Do the symptoms of jet lag vary in intensity?
    • What are risk factors for jet lag?
    • Are there any remedies for jet lag? Is it possible to prevent jet lag?
    • What is the treatment for jet lag?
    • Are there effective medications for jet lag? What is the role of melatonin in jet lag?
  • Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism is an excess of thyroid hormone resulting from an overactive thyroid gland. Symptoms can include increased...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hyperthyroidism Article
    • Hyperthyroidism definition and facts
    • What is hyperthyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism?
    • What causes hyperthyroidism?
    • What is graves' disease?
    • What is thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid)?
    • What are other causes of hyperthyroidism?
    • Which types of doctors treat hyperthyroidism?
    • How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?
    • How is medications treat hyperthyroidism?
    • Medications that treat symptoms of hyperthyroidism
    • Antithyroid drugs for hyperthyroidism
    • Radioactive iodine for hyperthyroidism
    • Surgery for hyperthyroidism
    • What should I do if I think I have hyperthyroidism?
  • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhoid Fever Article
    • Typhoid fever facts
    • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
    • How do patients get typhoid fever?
    • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
    • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
    • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, increased...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) facts
    • What irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes and risk factors?
    • What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) treatments?
    • IBS medications
    • Is there an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diet?
    • What lifestyle changes may help IBS symptoms and signs?
    • Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • What types of doctors treat IBS?
    • Is it possible to prevent IBS?
    • What are potential complications of IBS?
    • What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Article
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection facts
    • What is cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
    • What causes cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are the risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is CMV contagious?
    • How long is cytomegalovirus contagious?
    • How is cytomegalovirus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for cytomegalovirus?
    • What are cytomegalovirus infection symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are complications of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent cytomegalovirus infection? Is there a CMV vaccine?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted? Is swine flu contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for swine flu?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu?
    • How long does the swine flu last?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are swine flu symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose swine flu?
    • What types of doctors treat swine flu?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu in humans?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the swine flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccines) is not readily available?
    • Are there home remedies for swine flu?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v)?
  • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
    In This Article
    STDs in Men Article
    • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
    • Who is at risk for STDs?
    • What causes STDs in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
    • List of STDs in men
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Trichomoniasis
    • HIV
    • Genital herpes
    • Genital warts (HPV)
    • Hepatitis
    • Syphilis
    • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
    • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
    • Can STDs in men be prevented?
  • Top 12 Foods That Cause Constipation Constipation or the decrease in frequency and/or difficulty in passing stools (bowel movements) can be caused by a variety...learn more »
  • Amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a group of diseases resulting from abnormal deposition of certain proteins (amyloids) in various bodily areas. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amyloidosis Article
    • Amyloidosis facts
    • What is amyloidosis?
    • What causes amyloidosis?
    • What are risk factors for amyloidosis?
    • What are amyloidosis symptoms and signs?
    • What types of specialists treat amyloidosis?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose amyloidosis?
    • What is the treatment for amyloidosis?
    • What are complications of amyloidosis?
    • What is the prognosis of amyloidosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent amyloidosis?
    • Where can people find more information on amyloidosis?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • In what foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Article
    • Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) facts
    • What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile?)
    • What Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How does Clostridium difficile cause colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • Which antibiotics cause Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis diagnosed?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • Why are there relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How are relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • What is new in Clostridium difficile?
  • Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Article
    • What is colitis?
    • What diseases are not colitis?
    • What is microscopic colitis?
    • What causes microscopic colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of microscopic colitis?
    • How common is microscopic colitis and who is at risk?
    • When should I seek medical care for microscopic colitis?
    • How is microscopic colitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for microscopic colitis?
    • Can microscopic colitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of microscopic colitis?
  • Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Gastroenteritis (or stomach flu) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Article
    • Definition of gastroenteritis
    • What causes gastroenteritis?
    • What are the most common causes of gastroenteritis?
    • What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis?
    • Is gastroenteritis contagious?
    • Who is at risk for gastroenteritis?
    • How is gastroenteritis transmitted?
    • How does food become contaminated with gastroenteritis-causing bacteria or viruses?
    • How is gastroenteritis diagnosed?
    • How is gastroenteritis treated?
    • When should I call my doctor for gastroenteritis?
    • What are complications of gastroenteritis?
    • Can gastroenteritis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gastroenteritis?
  • Scleroderma Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleroderma Article
    • Scleroderma facts
    • What is scleroderma?
    • What causes scleroderma?
    • What are risk factors for developing scleroderma?
    • How is scleroderma classified?
    • What are scleroderma symptoms and signs?
    • How is scleroderma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleroderma?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with scleroderma?
    • Can scleroderma be prevented?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella outbreaks? How does Salmonella spread?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • Is Salmonella contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a Salmonella infection?
    • What is the contagious period for salmonellosis?
    • What kinds of doctors treat Salmonella food poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotavirus Article
    • Rotavirus infection facts
    • What is rotavirus?
    • What causes rotavirus infection?
    • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
    • Can adults get a rotavirus infection?
    • What is the incubation period for rotavirus?
    • What are rotavirus symptoms and signs?
    • Is rotavirus contagious? How long is rotavirus contagious?
    • How is rotavirus transmitted?
    • How is rotavirus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a rotavirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of rotavirus infection?
    • Can rotavirus infection be prevented with a vaccine? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
  • Giardia Lamblia Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Giardia Lamblia Article
    • What is giardiasis?
    • Who is at risk for giardiasis?
    • What signs and symptoms does giardiasis cause?
    • How is giardiasis diagnosed?
    • How is giardiasis treated?
    • How can giardiasis be prevented?
  • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Inflammatory bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptosporidiosis Article
    • Cryptosporidiosis facts*
    • What is cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
    • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
    • How long after infection do symptoms appear?
    • How long will symptoms last?
    • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
    • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
    • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is a cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
    • I have been diagnosed with cryptosporidiosis, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
  • Thyroid Cancer There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thyroid Cancer Article
    • Thyroid cancer facts*
    • What is the thyroid?
    • What is the thyroid cancer?
    • What causes thyroid cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for thyroid cancer?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of thyroid cancer?
    • What are thyroid nodules?
    • What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
    • How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
    • How is thyroid cancer staging determined?
    • What kinds of specialists treat thyroid cancer?
    • What is the treatment for thyroid cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Thyroid hormone
    • Radioactive iodine
    • Radiation
    • Chemotherapy
    • What kind of support is available for those with thyroid cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with thyroid cancer?
    • Can thyroid cancer be prevented?
  • Lactose Intolerance In lactose intolerance, the digestive system cannot digest lactose (the main sugar in milk). Symptoms of lactose intolerance...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lactose Intolerance Article
    • Lactose intolerance facts
    • What is lactose intolerance?
    • What causes lactose intolerance?
    • What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
    • How are lactase deficiency and lactose intolerance diagnosed?
    • Elimination diet
    • Milk challenge
    • Breath test
    • Blood glucose test
    • Stool acidity test
    • What are the sources of lactose in the diet?
    • How is lactose intolerance treated?
    • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
    • What is new in lactose intolerance?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease facts
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • E. coli (0157:H7) There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli ). Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead...learn more »
    In This Article
    E. coli (0157:H7) Article
    • E. coli facts
    • What is E. coli
    • What is E. coli bacteria infection?
    • What is E. coli 0157:H7 bacteria?
    • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
    • 25 symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infection
    • What kind of doctor(s) treat E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • How is an E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
    • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
    • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
    • Other enterohemorrhagic E. coli strains (for example, 0145, 026:H11, 0104:H4 and 0121)
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
    • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
    • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
    • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
    • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
    • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
    • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
  • Trichinosis Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichinosis Article
    • Trichinosis facts
    • What is trichinosis?
    • What are symptoms of trichinosis?
    • What causes trichinosis?
    • What is the history and life cycle of trichinosis?
    • How is trichinosis diagnosed?
    • How is trichinosis treated?
    • Are there complications associated with trichinosis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with trichinosis?
    • What are the risk factors for getting trichinosis?
    • Is trichinosis a common disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent trichinosis?
    • Where can I get more information on trichinosis?
  • Cholera Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea and that rapidly lease to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholera Article
    • Cholera facts
    • What is cholera?
    • What is the history of cholera?
    • What are cholera symptoms and signs?
    • What causes cholera, and how is cholera transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for cholera, and where do cholera outbreaks occur?
    • Is cholera contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for cholera?
    • What is the contagious period for cholera?
    • What physicians usually treat cholera?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose cholera?
    • What is the treatment for cholera?
    • Is it possible to prevent cholera? Are cholera vaccines available?
    • What is the prognosis of cholera?
    • Where can people find more information about cholera?
  • Recreational Water Illnesses (RWI) Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs) are caused by germs spread by breathing in mists or aerosols, swimming, or having contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Recreational Water Illnesses (RWI) Article
    • Recreational water illness (RWIs) facts
    • What are recreational water illnesses (RWIs)?
    • Where are recreational water illnesses (RWIs) found?
    • How are recreational water illnesses (RWIs) spread?
    • Why doesn't chlorine kill recreational water illness (RWI) germs?
    • Who is most likely to get ill from a recreational water illness (RWI)?
    • How can we prevent recreational water illnesses (RWIs)?
  • Travelers' Diarrhea Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travelers' Diarrhea Article
    • Travelers' diarrhea facts
    • What is travelers' diarrhea?
    • How common is travelers' diarrhea?
    • What causes travelers' diarrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of travelers' diarrhea?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea diagnosed?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea treated?
    • What is the prognosis for travelers' diarrhea?
    • How can travelers' diarrhea be prevented?
  • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? C. diff, or Clostridium difficile, is a bacteria that infects the colon. C. diff bacteria can be found on: furniture,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? Article
    • What is C. diff (Clostridium difficile)?
    • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) contagious?
    • How do I know if I have an infection caused by C. diff?
    • How does C diff spread?
    • How will I know if I am no longer contagious for C. diff?
    • When should I seek medical care for C. diff?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) facts
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)?
    • What are the phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are causes, triggers, and risk factors of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are cyclic vomiting syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What specialists treat cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • Are there home remedies for cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)? Can dietary changes help CVS?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)? What is the prognosis for CVS?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Streptococcal Infections Article
    • Group A streptococcal infections facts
    • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
    • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
    • Are group A strep infections contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for group A strep infections?
    • What is the incubation period for group A strep infections?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
    • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
    • What specialists treat group A streptococcal infections?
    • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent group A streptococcal infections?
    • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
    • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Diet An ulcerative colitis diet plan can help a person with the disease avoid foods and drinks that trigger flares. There also are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Diet Article
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What is an ulcerative colitis diet?
    • 19 trigger foods to avoid with an ulcerative colitis diet plan
    • What foods help manage and soothe ulcerative colitis flares?
    • How can I track foods that cause flare-ups and trigger symptoms of my ulcerative colitis?
    • What other things trigger ulcerative colitis symptoms and flare-ups?
    • Which specialties of health-care professionals prescribe an ulcerative colitis diet?
  • Bowel Incontinence Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bowel Incontinence Article
    • Bowel incontinence (fecal incontinence) definition
    • What causes bowel incontinence?
    • What are the symptoms of bowel incontinence?
    • How is bowel incontinence diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bowel incontinence?
    • What about bowel incontinence in children?
    • Can bowel incontinence be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for bowel incontinence?
  • Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease) Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease) Article
    • Chagas disease (kissing bug disease) facts
    • What is Chagas disease?
    • What is the history of Chagas disease?
    • What causes Chagas disease?
    • Is Chagas disease contagious?
    • What are the risk factors for Chagas disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Chagas disease?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Chagas disease?
    • What is the treatment for Chagas disease?
    • What types of physicians treat Chagas disease?
    • Can transmission of Chagas disease be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for Chagas disease?
    • What are the complications of Chagas disease?
    • What research is being done for Chagas disease?
  • Food Allergy The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Allergy Article
    • Food allergy facts
    • What is a food allergy?
    • What causes allergic reactions to food?
    • What are food allergy symptoms and signs?
    • What are food allergy risk factors?
    • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
    • What are the most common food allergies?
    • What is cross-reactivity?
    • What is oral allergy syndrome?
    • What is exercise-induced food allergy?
    • What conditions have mistakenly been attributed to food allergy?
    • What conditions mimic food allergy?
    • How is food allergy diagnosed? What tests are used to diagnose food allergies?
    • What is the treatment for a food allergy?
    • Are allergy shots effective in preventing or decreasing food allergy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for food allergy?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhus Article
    • Typhus facts
    • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
    • What is the history of typhus?
    • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
    • What are typhus risk factors?
    • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
    • How is typhus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for typhus?
    • What is the prognosis of typhus?
    • Can typhus be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about typhus?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus? What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is hantavirus contagious?
    • How long is hantavirus contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for hantavirus?
    • What are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What specialties of doctors treat hantavirus?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Adenovirus 14 Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adenovirus 14 Article
    • Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) facts
    • What is the killer cold virus?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What causes an infection with Adenovirus 14 (Ad14)?
    • How is an Adenovirus 14 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
    • What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What is the prognosis for an Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) infection?
    • Can an Adenovirus 14 infection be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about the killer cold virus (Adenovirus 14)?
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Toxic shock syndrome is an infection that causes symptoms such as low blood pressure, fever, and a rash with peeling skin....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Article
    • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) facts
    • What is toxic shock syndrome?
    • What causes toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are toxic shock syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of toxic shock syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent toxic shock syndrome?
  • Flu (Influenza) Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flu (Influenza) Article
    • Flu (influenza, conventional, H1N1, H3N2, and bird flu [H5N1]) facts
    • What is flu (influenza)?
    • When does flu season begin and end?
    • Flu vs. cold
    • What are the causes of the flu (influenza)?
    • What are flu (influenza) symptoms in adults and in children?
    • What is the incubation period for the flu?
    • How long is the flu contagious, and how long does the flu last?
    • How is the flu (influenza) diagnosed?
    • How does flu spread?
    • What is the key to flu (influenza) prevention?
    • Are there any flu shot or nasal spray vaccine side effects in adults or in children?
    • How effective is the flu vaccine?
    • Why should the flu (influenza) vaccine be taken every year?
    • What are some flu treatments an individual can do at home (home remedies)?
    • What types of doctors treat the flu?
    • What can people eat when they have the flu?
    • When should a person go to the emergency department for the flu?
    • Who should receive the flu vaccine, and who has the highest risk factors? When should someone get the flu shot?
    • What is the prognosis for patients who get the flu? What are possible complications of the flu?
    • Can the flu be deadly?
    • What is the bird (avian) flu?
    • Do antiviral agents protect people from the flu?
    • What medications treat the flu?
    • Is it safe to get a flu shot that contains thimerosal?
    • Where can people find additional information about the flu?
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax? Is anthrax contagious?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax? What are risk factors for anthrax infection?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause? What are the signs and symptoms of anthrax infections?
    • What specialists treat anthrax?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • What is the treatment for anthrax?
    • Is it possible to prevent anthrax? Is there an anthrax vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for anthrax infections?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome Triggers and Prevention Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease that can affect the quality of those who suffer from this condition....learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome Triggers and Prevention Article
    • IBS triggers and prevention facts
    • What foods in the diet trigger constipation in IBS?
    • What foods in the diet trigger diarrhea in IBS?
    • Are stress and anxiety triggers for IBS?
    • What drugs trigger IBS?
    • Are menstrual pain and IBS related?
    • What are the other triggers of IBS?
    • How can I prevent triggers for IBS?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles? What does measles look like?
    • What is rubeola? What is rubella? What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • Is measles contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for measles?
    • What causes measles? How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • What is the incubation period for measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • What types of doctors treat measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • What should someone do if he or she has been exposed to measles?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • What are complications seen with measles?
    • Is it possible to prevent measles with a vaccine? How effective is the measles vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • Why should people get vaccinated against measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from the MMR or MMRV?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • Do people need to be revaccinated against measles if they are traveling to Europe?
    • What adverse reactions or side effects can occur with the measles vaccination?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • Who should be revaccinated (receive a booster shot) against measles?
    • What should I do if I am not sure if I have been properly vaccinated or my vaccine records have been lost?
    • What is herd immunity? Why should people care if others choose not to be vaccinated?
    • Can the measles virus be used to cure cancer?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Legionnaires' Disease Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Legionnaires' Disease Article
    • Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever (legionellosis) facts
    • What causes legionellosis? What is the history of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How common is Legionnaires' disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease made?
    • Who develops Legionnaires' disease?
    • What is the treatment for Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is Legionnaires' disease spread?
    • Where is the Legionella bacterium found?
    • How can Legionnaires' disease be prevented?
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Listeria Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Listeriosis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Listeria Article
    • Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes infection) facts
    • What is listeriosis? What causes listeriosis?
    • What are the risk factors for listeriosis?
    • How is listeriosis spread?
    • What are listeriosis symptoms and signs?
    • What types of doctors treat listeriosis?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose listeriosis?
    • What is the treatment for listeriosis?
    • Are there home remedies for listeriosis?
    • How does a person get listeriosis?
    • What are the complications of listeriosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent listeriosis?
    • What is the prognosis for Listeria infections?
    • If a person has eaten recalled food potentially contaminated with Listeria, what should he or she do?
    • What is the government doing about listeriosis?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hirschsprung's Disease Article
    • What is Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus?
    • Why does Hirschsprung's disease cause constipation?
    • What causes Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's disease?
    • How is Hirschsprung's disease treated?
    • What will my child's life be like after surgery?
    • If I have more children, will they also have Hirschsprung's disease?
    • Hirschsprung's Disease At A Glance
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor) A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor) Article
    • Carcinoid tumor definition and facts
    • What is a carcinoid tumor?
    • What is carcinoid syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome?
    • How common are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and natural history of carcinoid tumors?
    • Where do carcinoid tumors occur?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat carcinoid syndrome?
    • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for someone with carcinoid tumors?
  • Is E. coli Contagious? E. coli is an infection found worldwide. There are several subtypes of the E. coli species. E. coli is transmitted from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is E. coli Contagious? Article
    • What is E. coli?
    • Is E. coli contagious?
    • When will I know I'm infected with E. coli?
    • How does E. coli spread?
    • When do I know I'm cured of E. coli?
    • When should I contact a doctor about an E. coli infection?
  • Thallium Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thallium Article
    • What is thallium?
    • What happens to thallium when it enters the environment?
    • How might I be exposed to thallium?
    • How can thallium affect my health?
    • How likely is thallium to cause cancer?
    • Is there a medical test to show whether I've been exposed to thallium?
    • Has the federal government made recommendations to protect human health?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Children's Health Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Children's Health Article
    • Introduction to children's health
    • Children's growth and development
    • Children's illnesses
    • Children's injuries
    • Children's behavior
    • Children's mental illness
    • Family health and children
    • Community health and children
    • Health care for children
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • How is Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • Is Rocky Mountain spotted fever contagious?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • What is the incubation period for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • How do health-care providers diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are the long-term effects of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is there a vaccine for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Febrile Seizures Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever in small children or infants can be frightening, however, in general are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Febrile Seizures Article
    • Seizure symptoms: how to assist the victim
    • NIH on what are febrile seizures?
    • How common are febrile seizures?
    • What are the symptoms of a febrile seizure?
    • What makes a child prone to recurrent febrile seizures?
    • Are febrile seizures harmful?
    • What should be done for a child having a febrile seizure?
    • How are febrile seizures diagnosed and treated?
    • How are febrile seizures prevented?
    • What research is being done on febrile seizures?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Bocavirus Bocavirus infection is usually only found in those with lower respiratory infections or diarrhea. Symptoms include cyanosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bocavirus Article
    • Bocavirus facts
    • What is bocavirus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bocavirus infection?
    • How is bocavirus infection spread?
    • How is bocavirus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bocavirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of bocavirus infection?
    • Can bocavirus infection be prevented?
  • Tularemia Tularemia (rabbit fever) is an infection caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria. People can become infected with tularemia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tularemia Article
    • Tularemia facts
    • What is tularemia?
    • What are the different types of tularemia?
    • What causes tularemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of tularemia?
    • How is tularemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tularemia?
    • Tularemia and bioterrorism
    • Is there a vaccine for tularemia?
    • Where can people find more information about tularemia?
  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency or EPI is a condition in which a person's pancreas can't produce or secrete certain enzymes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) Article
    • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) definition and facts
    • What is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • What causes exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • What are the symptoms of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • How is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • How can I help manage exocrine pancreatic insufficiency at home?
    • Can exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
  • Is Malaria Contagious? Malaria is transmitted via the bite of an infected mosquito. The incubation period for malaria depends upon the species of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Malaria Contagious? Article
    • What is malaria?
    • Is malaria contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for malaria?
    • How is malaria transmitted?
    • How long does it take to be cured of malaria?
    • When should people seek medical care for a suspected malaria infection?
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include E....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Article
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) facts
    • What is a "syndrome?"
    • What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)?
    • What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How is hemolytic uremic syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How can hemolytic uremic syndrome be prevented?
  • Sick Building Syndrome Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) or also referred to as sick building syndrome or environmental illness is the name given by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sick Building Syndrome Article
    • Sick building syndrome facts
    • What is sick building syndrome?
    • Why is sick building syndrome controversial?
    • What causes sick building syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for sick building syndrome?
    • What are sick building syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is sick building syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sick building syndrome?
    • What are complications of sick building syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of sick building syndrome?
    • Is there a way to prevent sick building syndrome?
  • Neuroblastoma Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that usually afflicts children under 5 years of age. The cancer forms in the adrenal glands,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuroblastoma Article
    • Neuroblastoma facts*
    • What is neuroblastoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of neuroblastoma?
    • What tests are used in the detection and diagnosis of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the prognosis for neuroblastoma?
    • What are the stages of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the treatment for neuroblastoma?
    • What are treatment options for neuroblastoma?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for Mental Health Problems
  • Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bird Flu (Avian Influenza, Avian Flu) Article
    • Bird flu (avian flu) facts
    • What is bird flu?
    • What causes bird flu?
    • What are risk factors for bird flu?
    • What are bird flu symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose bird flu?
    • What is the treatment for bird flu?
    • What are the complications of bird flu?
    • What is the prognosis of bird flu?
    • Can bird flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about bird flu?
  • Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, is characterized by symptoms and signs that include diarrhea, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Article
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • Is Crohn's disease contagious?
    • How do I know when someone has Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease spread?
    • How will I know when someone is cured of Crohn's disease?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Crohn's disease?
  • Ciguatera Poisoning Ciguatera poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by the ciguatera toxin found in a variety of large reef fish found between...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ciguatera Poisoning Article
    • What is ciguatera poisoning?
    • What are the symptoms of ciguatera poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for ciguatera poisoning?
    • When should I see a doctor for ciguatera poisoning?
  • Peanut Allergy About 1% to 2% of people in the U.S. have a peanut allergy. Symptoms and signs of a peanut allergy include rash, hives, redness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peanut Allergy Article
    • Peanut allergy facts
    • What is a peanut allergy?
    • How common is a peanut allergy?
    • Why is peanut allergy increasing and what are risk factors for a peanut allergy?
    • What are peanut allergy symptoms and signs? How do physicians diagnose a peanut allergy?
    • How are peanut allergies managed? What is the treatment for a peanut allergy?
    • Can a peanut allergy be cured or outgrown?
  • SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and...learn more »
    In This Article
    SARS Article
    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) facts
    • What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)?
    • What causes SARS? How is SARS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for SARS?
    • What are SARS symptoms and signs?
    • How is SARS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SARS?
    • What is the prognosis of SARS?
    • Is it possible to prevent SARS?
    • Is there a SARS vaccine? What research is being done on SARS?
    • Where can people get more information about SARS?
  • Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Article
    • Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) facts
    • What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there a vaccine for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Drug resistance (antimicrobial resistance) is the ability of bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses to grow, even in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antibiotic Resistance (Drug Resistance, Antimicrobial Resistance) Article
    • Drug resistance facts*
    • Antimicrobial
    • Antibiotic
    • Antibacterial
    • MRSA and VRE
    • What is drug resistance?
    • History of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Causes of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Diagnosis of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Treatment of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Prevention of antimicrobial drug resistance
    • Antimicrobial resistance: A growing health issue
    • Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)
    • Microbes increasingly resistant to drugs
  • Is Colitis Contagious? Colitis is a term that us used to describe inflammation of the colon. The terms enteritis, proctitis, and inflammatory bowel...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Colitis Contagious? Article
    • What is colitis?
    • Is colitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have colitis?
    • How is colitis spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of colitis?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about colitis?
  • Peritonitis Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peritonitis Article
    • Peritonitis facts
    • What is peritonitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of peritonitis?
    • What are the causes of peritonitis?
    • What is the most common type of peritonitis?
    • What kind of doctor treats peritonitis?
    • How is peritonitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for peritonitis?
    • What are the complications of peritonitis?
    • Can peritonitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with peritonitis?
  • Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes infection when humans ingest food contaminated with feces from an infected...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Article
    • Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) facts
    • What is Cyclospora infection?
    • What causes Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the risk factors for a Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Cyclospora infection?
    • How is Cyclospora infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Cyclospora infections?
    • What are complications of a Cyclospora infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a Cyclospora infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent Cyclospora infections?
  • Travel Medicine Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travel Medicine Article
    • Why should travelers see a physician before they leave on a trip?
    • What diseases occur in travelers, and how can disease be prevented?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Malaria
    • Meningitis and encephalitis
    • Yellow fever
    • Hepatitis A
    • Typhoid fever
    • Polio
    • Cholera
    • What about diseases for which there is no vaccine or preventive medication?
    • What is safe to eat and drink while traveling?
    • What can I do to avoid insect bites?
    • What should be in my travel first-aid kit or medicine kit?
    • What are the medical concerns with jet lag?
    • What if I have a medical condition or a chronic disease?
    • What if I'm traveling while pregnant?
    • What about traveling with children?
    • Travel health insurance & medical evacuation insurance
    • Travel safety and health alerts
    • Where can I find additional information?
  • Microsporidiosis Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microsporidiosis Article
    • Microsporidiosis facts
    • What is microsporidiosis? What causes the disease?
    • How are microsporidia transmitted?
    • What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
    • How is microsporidiosis diagnosed?
    • How is microsporidiosis treated?
    • How is microsporidiosis prevented?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Drug Allergy Drug allergies are cause when the immune system mistakenly creates an immune response to a medication. Symptoms of a drug...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Allergy Article
    • What is a drug allergy?
    • What are the symptoms of drug allergy?
    • What drugs are people most allergic to?
    • How is a drug allergy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a drug allergy?
    • What should I do if I have an allergic reaction to a drug?
  • Marburg Virus Disease Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marburg Virus Disease Article
    • Marburg virus disease facts
    • What is Marburg virus disease?
    • What causes Marburg disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Marburg infection? What is the incubation period for a Marburg virus infection?
    • What are risk factors for getting Marburg infections?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Marburg viral infections?
    • What treatment is available for Marburg virus infections?
    • What specialists treat Marburg infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent Marburg virus infections?
    • What is the prognosis for a Marburg virus infection? What complications may occur with Marburg infections?
    • What research is ongoing about Marburg virus infections?
    • Why is Africa now seeing so many cases of what were relatively rare viral diseases like Ebola and Marburg virus infections?
  • Is Diverticulitis Contagious? Diverticulitis is an inflammation of the diverticula or diverticulum. Diverticulitis causes are either infectious or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Diverticulitis Contagious? Article
    • What is diverticulitis?
    • Is diverticulitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have diverticulitis?
    • How will I know if I am cured of diverticulitis?
    • When should I seek emergency medical care for diverticulitis?
  • 10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Labor Every woman's experience with labor and delivery is unique for each woman, and thus "Normal" labor varies from woman to woman....learn more »
    In This Article
    10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Labor Article
    • What are the early signs and symptoms of labor?
    • 1. The baby drops
    • 2. An increased urge to urinate
    • 3. The mucus plug passes
    • 4. The cervix dilates
    • 5. Thinning of the cervix
    • 6. Back pain
    • 7. Contractions
    • 8. A burst of energy
    • 9. Feeling the urge to have a bowel movement (diarrhea)
    • 10. Your water breaks
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulentE. coli infections?
  • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Article
    • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs or islet cell tumors) facts*
    • What are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)?
    • What are the different types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are signs and symptoms of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests assess the specific type of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • What factors affect the treatment options and prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • How do doctors determine the staging of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • How does cancer spread in the body?
    • What is metastasis?
    • What are recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are the treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • Are there clinical trials for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatment options for recurrent or progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (islet cell tumors)?
  • Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious? Swine flu (H1N1) is a contagious virus that spreads when an infected individual expels virus-containing droplets into the air...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious? Article
    • What is swine flu?
    • Is swine flu (H1N1) contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for swine flu (H1N1)?
    • How will I know if I have swine flu?
    • How is swine flu transmitted?
    • How will I know if I am cured of swine flu?
    • When should I contact medical caregiver about swine flu (H1N1)?
  • IBS-D (Irrititable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea) IBS-D or irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea refers to IBS with diarrhea. Symptoms of IBS-D include intestinal gas...learn more »
    In This Article
    IBS-D (Irrititable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea) Article
    • Facts and definition of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    • What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome including IBS-D?
    • What causes IBS?
    • What are the risk factors for IBS?
    • When should you seek medical care if you think you have IBS?
    • Which specialties of doctors treats IBS?
    • How is IBS diagnosed?
    • Is there a specific diet for IBS?
    • What foods should you avoid if you have IBS-D or IBS-C?
    • What home remedies and diet changes treat or soothe IBS symptoms?
    • What medications treat IBS?
    • What new medications are being developed or are in clinical trials to treat IBS-D?
    • What medications are reserved for people that do not improve with standard IBS drugs?
    • What other lifestyle changes help soothe IBS symptoms?
    • What are the complications of IBS?
    • Can IBS be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a person with IBS?
  • Is Cholera Contagious? Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. It's typically transmitted via infected fecal matter....learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Cholera Contagious? Article
    • What is cholera?
    • Is cholera contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for cholera?
    • How is cholera spread?
    • When does the contagious period for cholera end?
    • When should someone seek medical care for cholera?
  • Is Roseola Contagious? Roseola is a common viral infection among children 6-24 months of age. Symptoms and signs include a high fever and a rash all...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Roseola Contagious? Article
    • What is roseola?
    • Is roseola contagious? What is the incubation period for roseola?
    • How will I know if someone or my child has roseola?
    • How is roseola transmitted?
    • When will I know that someone or my child is cured of roseola?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about roseola?
  • Primary Immunodeficiency Disease (PIDD) Primary immunodeficiency disease or PIDD is a group of over 250 genetic diseases that involve the immune system. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Immunodeficiency Disease (PIDD) Article
    • Primary immunodeficiency disease definition and facts
    • What is primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • What causes primary immunodeficiency disease and who gets primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • Is primary immunodeficiency disease inherited?
    • What are the types and examples of primary immunodeficiency diseases?
    • Which types of doctors treat primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • How is primary immunodeficiency disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • How can I help care for my child with primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • Can primary immunodeficiency disease be prevented?
    • What the prognosis for a child with primary immunodeficiency disease?
    • What support groups are available for primary immunodeficiency disease?
  • Hunter Syndrome (Mucopolysaccharidosis II, MPS II) Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis II, MPS II) is an inherited or genetic disease. Signs and symptoms of Hunter syndrome...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hunter Syndrome (Mucopolysaccharidosis II, MPS II) Article
    • Hunter syndrome definition and facts
    • What is Hunter syndrome?
    • What are the signs symptoms of Hunter syndrome?
    • What causes Hunter syndrome?
    • Who gets Hunter syndrome?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat Hunter syndrome?
    • How is Hunter syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Hunter syndrome?
    • What are the complications of Hunter syndrome?
    • What is the life-expectancy for a person with Hunter syndrome?
    • What are other names for Hunter syndrome?
  • Is Norovirus Contagious? Noroviruses cause food poisoning symptoms (vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea) in infected individuals. Norovirus is transmitted via...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Norovirus Contagious? Article
    • What is norovirus?
    • Is norovirus contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for norovirus?
    • How will I know if I have norovirus?
    • How is norovirus transmitted?
    • How will I know I am cured of norovirus?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about norovirus?
  • Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Article
    • What is Ebola?
    • Is Ebola contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
    • How will I know if someone is infected with Ebola?
    • How is the Ebola virus transmitted?
    • How will I know if someone is cured of Ebola? What is the contagious period for Ebola?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Ebola?