Dialysis Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Dialysis that may be used to diagnose or monitor the status of the diseases and conditions listed below.

  • Kidney Failure Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss,...learn more »
  • Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Thrombocytopenia refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count) Article
    • Thrombocytopenia facts
    • What is thrombocytopenia?
    • What causes thrombocytopenia?
    • What are the symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    • When should I seek medical care for thrombocytopenia?
    • How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?
    • How is thrombocytopenia treated?
    • What are the complications of thrombocytopenia?
    • Can thrombocytopenia be prevented?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Kidney Cancer There are several types of kidney cancer, including renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma), transitional cell...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Cancer Article
    • Kidney cancer facts*
    • What are the kidneys?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are kidney cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are kidney cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
    • How is kidney cancer staging determined?
    • Methods of kidney cancer treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What does the future hold in the field of kidney cancer?
    • What resources are there for patients with kidney cancer?
  • Encephalopathy Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encephalopathy Article
    • Encephalopathy facts
    • Encephalopathy definition and overview
    • What causes encephalopathy?
    • What are the symptoms of encephalopathy?
    • How is encephalopathy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for encephalopathy?
    • What are the complications of encephalopathy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for encephalopathy?
    • Can encephalopathy be prevented?
    • For more information on types of encephalopathy
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankylosing Spondylitis Article
    • Ankylosing spondylitis facts
    • What is ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What causes ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is ankylosing spondylitis diagnosed?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis treatment options?
    • Can ankylosing spondylitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What is in the future for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • Where can people find more information about ankylosing spondylitis and learn about support groups?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Article
    • Polycystic kidney disease facts*
    • What is polycystic kidney disease?
    • What is autosomal dominant PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal dominant PKD?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal dominant PKD treated?
    • What is autosomal recessive PKD?
    • What are the symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD diagnosed?
    • How is autosomal recessive PKD treated?
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • Hope through research
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • What foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found in, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Hypertensive Kidney Disease High blood pressure can damage the kidneys and is one of the leading causes of kidney failure (end-stage renal kidney disease)....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypertensive Kidney Disease Article
    • High blood pressure and kidney disease facts*
    • Introduction to high blood pressure (hypertension) and kidney disease
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • How does high blood pressure hurt the kidneys?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease? (CKD)?
    • How can kidney damage from high blood pressure be prevented?
    • How can high blood pressure be controlled?
    • Can medicines help control blood pressure?
    • Who is at risk for kidney failure related to high blood pressure?
    • Hope Through Research
  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Superior vena cava syndrome is compression of the superior vena cava vein located in the upper chest. Causes of superior vena...learn more »
    In This Article
    Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Article
    • Superior vena cava syndrome facts
    • Introduction
    • What causes superior vena cava syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of superior vena cava syndrome?
    • How is superior vena cava syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is superior vena cava syndrome treated?
    • What is the prognosis for superior vena cava syndrome?
  • Diabetes and Kidney Disease In the United States diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes and Kidney Disease Article
    • Kidney Disease of Diabetes Facts*
    • The Burden of Kidney Failure
    • The Course of Kidney Disease
    • Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease
    • Effects of High Blood Pressure
    • Preventing and Slowing Kidney Disease
    • Dialysis and Transplantation
    • Good Care Makes a Difference
    • Points to Remember
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
  • Fabry Disease Fabry disease (Fabry's disease, alpha-galactosidase-A) is a genetic disorder with symptoms such as burning sensations in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fabry Disease Article
    • What is, and what causes Fabry disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Fabry disease?
    • Is there any treatment for Fabry disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Fabry disease?
    • What research is being done on Fabry disease?
    • For more information
  • Cystinuria Cystinuria is a common genetic condition that causes excess buildup of a protein, cystine, in the urine. Cystinuria leads to the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystinuria Article
    • Cystinuria facts
    • What is cystinuria?
    • How frequent is cystinuria?
    • What is a transport defect?
    • What causes cystinuria?
    • What happens with cystine in the urine?
    • What problem do the cystine stones cause?
    • What happens with a urinary obstruction?
    • What is the effect of urinary obstruction on the kidney?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystinuria?
    • What use is early diagnosis?
    • How is cystinuria treated?
    • What are the laboratory findings in cystinuria?
    • How is cystinuria inherited?
    • How long has cystinuria been known?
  • Renal Osteodystrophy Renal osteodystrophy is a bone disease. The kidneys fail to maintain required levels of phosphorous and calcium in the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Renal Osteodystrophy Article
    • Renal osteodystrophy facts*
    • What is renal osteodystrophy?
    • Hormones and Minerals
    • How is renal osteodystrophy diagnosed?
    • How is osteodystrophy treated?
    • For more information about renal osteodystrophy
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a diseases in which blood clots within the capillaries. Causes associated with HUS include E....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Article
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) facts
    • What is a "syndrome?"
    • What is hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)?
    • What causes hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How is hemolytic uremic syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome?
    • How can hemolytic uremic syndrome be prevented?
  • Kidney Dysplasia Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Dysplasia Article
    • What is kidney dysplasia?
    • How does kidney dysplasia happen?
    • What causes kidney dysplasia?
    • What are the signs or complications of kidney dysplasia?
    • How is kidney dysplasia diagnosed?
    • How is kidney dysplasia treated?
    • What is the long-term outlook for a child with kidney dysplasia?
    • Questions to ask the doctor
    • Points to remember