Oral Medications for Type 2 Diabetes
Currently, there are nine drug classes of oral diabetes medications approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
- Sulfonylureas, for example, glimepiride (Amaryl) and glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL)
Meglitinides, for example, nateglinide (Starlix) and repaglinide (Prandin)
- Thiazolidinediones, for example, pioglitazone (Actos)
- DPP-4 inhibitors, for example, sitagliptin (Januvia) and linagliptin (Tradjenta)
Type 2 diabetes diet definition and facts
- Type 2 diabetes involves problems
getting enough glucose into the cells. When the sugar can't get where it is
supposed to be, it leads to elevated blood sugar levels in the bloodstream which
can lead to complications such as kidney, nerve, and eye damage, and
- Foods to eat for a type 2 diabetic diet
include complex carbohydrates such as brown rice, whole wheat, quinoa, oatmeal,
fruits, vegetables, beans, and lentils. Foods to avoid include simple
carbohydrates, which are processed, such as sugar, pasta, white bread, flour,
and cookies, pastries.
- Foods with a low glycemic load (index)
only cause a modest rise in blood sugar and are better choices for people with
diabetes. Good glycemic control can help in preventing long-term complications
of type 2 diabetes.
- Fats don't have much of a direct effect
on blood sugar but they can be useful in slowing the absorption of
- Protein provides steady energy with
little effect on blood sugar. It keeps blood sugar stable, and can help with
sugar cravings and feeling full after eating. Protein-packed foods to eat
include beans, legumes, eggs, seafood, dairy, peas, tofu, and lean meats and
- Five diabetes "superfoods" to eat
include chia seeds, wild salmon, white balsamic vinegar, cinnamon, and lentils.
- Healthy diabetes meal plans include
plenty of vegetables, and limited processed sugars and red meat.
- Diet recommendations for people with
type 2 diabetes include a
or vegan diet, the American Diabetes Association
diet (which also emphasizes exercise), the
Paleo Diet, and the Mediterranean
- Guidelines on what to eat for people
with type 2 diabetes include eating low glycemic load carbohydrates, primarily
from vegetables, and consuming fats and proteins mostly from plant sources.
- What to not to eat if you have type 2
diabetes: sodas (regular and diet), refined sugars, processed carbohydrates,
trans fats, high-fat animal products, high-fat dairy products, high fructose
corn syrup, artificial sweeteners, and any highly processed foods.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs over time, and involves problems getting enough sugar (glucose) into the cells
of the body. (The cells use the sugar for fuel/energy.)
- Sugar (glucose) is the preferred fuel for muscle and brain cells, but it requires insulin to transport it into cells for use.
- When insulin levels are low, and the sugar can't get into the cells where it is supposed to be, it leads to elevated blood sugar levels.
- Over time, the cells develop resistance to insulin (insulin resistance),
which then requires the pancreas to make more and more insulin to move sugar
into the cells; however, more sugar
is still left in the blood.
- The pancreas eventually "wears out," and can no longer secrete enough insulin
to move the sugar into the cells for energy.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/29/2016