What are diabetes symptoms?
- The early symptoms of untreated diabetes are related to elevated blood sugar levels, and loss of glucose in the urine. High amounts of glucose in the urine can cause increased urine output and lead to dehydration. Dehydration causes increased thirst and water consumption.
- The inability of insulin to perform normally has effects on protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Insulin is an anabolic hormone, that is, one that encourages storage of fat and protein.
Quick GuideDiabetes Diet: Healthy Meal Plans for Diabetes-Friendly Eating
Diabetic diet definition and facts
- There is no single diabetes diet, meal plan, or diet that is
can serve as a correct meal plan for all patients with diabetes
(type 2, gestational, or
- Glycemic index, carbohydrate counting,
the MyPlate method, and the TLC diet plan are all methods for determining healthy
eating habits for diabetes management.
- The exact type and times of meals on a
diabetic meal plan depend upon a person's age and gender, how much exercise you
get and your activity level, and the need to gain, lose, or maintain optimal weight.
- Table sugar and alcohol are acceptable in moderation for many
- Most diabetic meal plans allow the
person with diabetes to eat the same foods as the rest of the family, with
attention to portion size and timing of meals and snacks.
- Eating a high-fiber diet can help improve
blood cholesterol and blood sugar levels in
patients with type 2 diabetes.
- Glycemic index is a way to classify
carbohydrates in terms of the amount that they raise blood sugar. High glycemic
index foods raise blood sugar more than lower index foods.
- Some patients with type 2 use supplements as complementary medicine to
treat their disease. However, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness
of supplements in treating the disease.
What is a diabetic diet?
A diabetes meal plan (diabetes diet) is a nutritional guide for people with
diabetes that helps them decide when to consume meals and snacks as well as what
type of foods to eat. There is no one predetermined diabetes diet that works for
all people with diabetes. The goal of any diabetic meal plan is to achieve and
maintain good control over the disease, including control of blood glucose and
blood lipid levels as well as
to maintaining a healthy weight and
Health care professionals and nutritionists can offer advice to help you create
the best meal plan to manage your diabetes. Nutritionists can help you find
recipes and cooking tips to help with meal planning and preparation.
Are there diabetic diet guidelines?
There is no single diabetic diet that is appropriate for all people with
type 2, gestational, or type 1 diabetes just as there is no single medication regimen that is appropriate for
everyone with this disease. Dietary choices depends upon many factors including your age and
gender, overall exercise and activity level, any medications you may be taking
(including insulin or others), and whether
or not you are trying to lose weight, among other factors.
Some meal planning tools and guidelines include:
- The plate method (MyPlate)
- Glycemic index
- Counting carbohydrates
Most doctors and health care professionals agree that patients with diabetes can
eat most of the same foods and meals as the
rest of the family with some added attention to timing of meals and portion
sizes. As in any healthy diet, it is best to consume a variety of foods. There
are numerous recipes and apps if you need ideas for healthy foods to eat.
Healthy eating includes eating a wide variety of foods including:
- Whole grains
- Non-fat dairy products
- Lean meats, poultry, and fish
One example of a diabetic meal plan for people who also have elevated
cholesterol levels is known as the TLC (Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes) plan.
This meal plan is designed to help you manage your disease and by lowering your cholesterol level and
helping you lose
weight. The TLC diet is defined as follows:
- Limit fat to 25%-35% of total daily
calories, getting no more than 7% of your daily calories from saturated fat, 10%
or less from
polyunsaturated fats, and up to 20% from monounsaturated fats (like
plant oils or nuts).
- Carbohydrates should account for no more than 50%-60% of
your daily calories.
- Try to eat 20-30 grams of fiber each
- Allow 15%-20% of your daily calories
- Limit cholesterol to 200 milligrams
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/22/2017