Diabetes Prevention Index

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The risks for developing type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnicity, birth weight, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. Warning signs pointing to an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes include irregular menstruation, impaired fasting glucose, inflammatory markers, and other risks. Gestational diabetes is also a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Prevention of type 2 diabetes can be achieved through a healthy diet (Mediterranean diet), exercise, weight control, not smoking, and medication.

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    • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
      • Diabetes facts
      • What is diabetes?
      • What is the impact of diabetes?
      • What causes diabetes?
      • What are the different types of diabetes?
      • Type 1 diabetes
      • Type 2 diabetes
      • Other types of diabetes
      • What are diabetes symptoms?
      • How is diabetes diagnosed?
      • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
      • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
      • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
      • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
    • Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Insulin Resistance Article
      • Insulin resistance facts
      • What is insulin resistance?
      • What causes insulin resistance?
      • What is the relationship between insulin resistance and diabetes?
      • What medical conditions are associated with insulin resistance?
      • Who is at risk for insulin resistance?
      • How is insulin resistance diagnosed?
      • How is insulin resistance managed?
      • Lifestyle changes (diet, weight loss, exercise)
      • Medications
      • What's new in insulin resistance?
    • Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is a syndrome caused by low blood sugar. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hypoglycemia Article
      • What is hypoglycemia?
      • Who is at risk for hypoglycemia?
      • I thought high blood sugar was bad. Why is low blood sugar also bad?
      • Can the body protect itself from hypoglycemia?
      • What are symptoms of hypoglycemia and how low is too low?
      • How is hypoglycemia treated?
      • Is there anything else that should be done to manage hypoglycemia?
    • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Obesity Article
      • Obesity facts
      • What is obesity?
      • How common is obesity?
      • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
      • What causes obesity?
      • What are other factors associated with obesity?
      • How is body fat measured?
      • What about weight-for-height tables?
      • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
      • Does it matter where body fat is located? (Is it worse to be an "apple" or a "pear"?)
      • What can be done about obesity?
      • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
      • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
      • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
      • What about herbal fen/phen?
      • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
      • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
      • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
    • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stroke Article
      • Stroke facts
      • What is a stroke?
      • What are the different types of stroke?
      • What causes a stroke?
      • What are the risk factors for stroke?
      • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
      • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
      • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
      • How is a stroke diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for stroke?
      • What is the prognosis for stroke?
      • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
      • What is stroke rehabilitation?
      • Can strokes be prevented?
    • Metabolic Syndrome The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol...learn more »
      In This Article
      Metabolic Syndrome Article
      • What is metabolic syndrome?
      • How is metabolic syndrome defined?
      • How common is metabolic syndrome?
      • What causes, and what are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome?
      • What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?
      • Why should I know about metabolic syndrome?
      • What is the treatment for metabolic syndrome?
      • Diet and metabolic syndrome
      • Exercise and metabolic syndrome
      • Cosmetic surgery to remove fat
      • What if lifestyle changes are not enough to treat metabolic syndrome?
      • Summary

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Terms related to Diabetes Prevention:

  • Prevention of Diabetes