Pre-Diabetes? Could You Have It?
About 41 million Americans between the ages of 40 and 74
have "pre-diabetes." Prediabetes is a condition that, as the name implies, can
be considered an early, potentially reversible, stage in the development of Type II diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is sometimes called
impaired glucose tolerance or Impaired Fasting Glucose (IGT/IFG). In
pre-diabetes, a person's blood sugar(glucose) levels are slightly higher
than the normal range, but not high enough for a true diagnosis of diabetes.
People with pre-diabetes have a significant risk of developing full-blown
Quick GuideBlood Sugar Swings: Tips for Managing Diabetes & Glucose Levels
Type 2 diabetes prevention tips and facts
- While genetics plays an important
role in the development of diabetes, an individual still has the ability to
influence their health to prevent type 2 diabetes.
- There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes. This article focuses on ways to control risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
- Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle
are the biggest diabetes risk factors that are controllable.
- People should watch their weight
on a regular basis to help reverse
prediabetes, and prevent the
development of type 2 diabetes.
- Diet is important because it helps
with weight loss. Some foods such as nuts in small amounts provide health
benefits in blood sugar regulation.
- There is no single recommended
diabetes prevention diet, but following a
sound nutrition plan and
maintaining a healthy weight are important steps in preventing the disease.
- Exercise is beneficial even without
weight loss in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
- Exercise is even more
beneficial with weight loss in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
- Smoking is harmful in many ways
including increasing the risk of cancer and heart disease. It also increases
the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- There are medications available
that have been shown in large trials to delay or prevent the onset of overt
diabetes. Metformin (Glucophage) is recommended by the American Diabetes
Association for prevention of diabetes in high-risk people.
- The coming years will be very
exciting regarding the advances in the field of prevention of diabetes.
However, the cornerstone of therapy will likely remain a healthy lifestyle.
What is type 2 diabetes?
There are two major forms of diabetes - type 1 and type 2. This article focuses specifically on the prevention of type 2 diabetes
since there is no know way to prevent type 1 diabetes. This form of diabetes is virtually a pandemic in the United States. This information reviews the risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes and reviews key points regarding prediction of those at risk for type 2 diabetes. It also is a review of what they can do about it.
While diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar
values, type 2 diabetes is also associated with a condition known as
insulin resistance. Even though there is an element of impaired insulin secretion from the beta cells of the pancreas,
especially when toxic levels of glucose occur (when
blood sugars are constantly
very high), the major defect in type 2 diabetes is the body's inability to respond properly to
Eventually, even though the pancreas is working at its best to produce
more and more insulin, the body tissues (for example, muscle and fat
cells) do not
respond and become insensitive to the insulin. At this point, overt diabetes
occurs as the body is no longer able to effectively use its insulin to maintain
normal blood sugar levels. Over time, these high levels of sugar result in the
complications we see all too often in patients with diabetes.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/29/2016