Diabetes Prevention
(Type 2 Diabetes)

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Type 2 diabetes prevention

  • While genetics plays an important role in the development of diabetes, an individual still has the ability to influence their health to prevent diabetes.
  • Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are the biggest risk factors that are controllable. People should watch their weight and exercise on a regular basis.
  • Diet is important because it helps with weight loss. Some foods such as nuts in small amounts provide health benefits in blood sugar regulation.
  • Exercise is beneficial even without weight loss in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
  • Exercise is even more beneficial with weight loss in the prevention of type 2 diabetes
  • Smoking is harmful in many ways including increasing the risk of cancer and heart disease. It also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • There are medications available that have been shown in large trials to delay or prevent the onset of overt diabetes. Use of these medications requires a detailed discussion of pros and cons with a doctor as there are side effects to consider.
  • The coming years will be very exciting regarding the advances in the field of prevention of diabetes. However, the cornerstone of therapy will likely remain a healthy lifestyle.

Introduction to diabetes prevention

There are 2 major forms of diabetes - type 1 and type 2. This article focuses specifically on the prevention of type 2 diabetes. This form of diabetes is virtually a pandemic in the United States. This information reviews the risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes and covers key points regarding predicting who is at risk for type 2 diabetes (and what they can do about it).

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/11/2014

Patient Comments

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Diabetes Prevention - Risk Factors Question: Are you concerned that you may have the risk factors for diabetes?
Diabetes Prevention - Symptoms Question: What were your symptoms associated with diabetes?
Diabetes Prevention - Gestational Diabetes Risk Question: Did you have gestational diabetes and later develop type 2 diabetes? Please discuss your experience.
Diabetes Prevention - Diet Question: If you are at risk for diabetes, what changes have you made in your diet? Please share your experience.

Pre-Diabetes? Could You Have It?

About 41 million Americans between the ages of 40 and 74 have "pre-diabetes." Prediabetes is a condition that, as the name implies, can be considered an early, potentially reversible, stage in the development of Type II diabetes. Pre-diabetes is sometimes called impaired glucose tolerance or Impaired Fasting Glucose (IGT/IFG). In pre-diabetes, a person's blood sugar(glucose) levels are slightly higher than the normal range, but not high enough for a true diagnosis of diabetes. People with pre-diabetes have a significant risk of developing full-blown diabetes.


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