- Type 2 Diabetes - Slideshow
- Diabetes and Foot Problems - Slideshow
- Take the Diabetes Quiz!
- Diabetes FAQs
- Patient Comments: Diabetes - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Diabetes - Causes
- Patient Comments: Diabetes - Test
- Patient Comments: Diabetes - Acute Complication
- Find a local Endocrinologist in your town
- Diabetes facts
- What is diabetes?
- How many people in the US have diabetes?
- 6 early signs and symptoms of diabetes
- How do I know if I have diabetes?
- What causes diabetes?
- What are the risk factors for diabetes?
- What are the different types of diabetes?
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- What are the other types of diabetes?
- What kind of doctor treats diabetes?
- How is diabetes diagnosed?
- Why is blood sugar checked at home?
- What are the acute complications of diabetes?
- What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
- What can be done to slow the complications of diabetes?
- What is the prognosis for a person with diabetes?
Quick GuideType 2 Diabetes Pictures Slideshow: Learn the Warning Signs
6 early signs and symptoms of diabetes
- The early symptoms of untreated diabetes are related to elevated blood sugar levels, and loss of glucose in the urine. High amounts of glucose in the urine can cause increased urine output and lead to dehydration. Dehydration causes increased thirst and water consumption.
- The inability of insulin to perform normally has effects on protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Insulin is an anabolic hormone, that is, one that encourages storage of fat and protein.
- A relative or absolute insulin deficiency eventually leads to weight loss despite an increase in appetite.
- Some untreated diabetes patients also complain of fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
- Patients with diabetes are prone to developing infections of the bladder, skin, and vaginal areas.
- Fluctuations in blood glucose levels can lead to blurred vision. Extremely elevated glucose levels can lead to lethargy and coma.
How do I know if I have diabetes?
Many people are unaware that they have diabetes, especially in its early stages when symptoms may not be present. There is no definite way to know if you have diabetes without undergoing blood tests to determine your blood glucose levels (see section on Diagnosis of diabetes). See your doctor if you have symptoms of diabetes or if you are concerned about your diabetes risk.