Diabetes Mellitus (cont.)

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6 early signs and symptoms of diabetes

  1. The early symptoms of untreated diabetes are related to elevated blood sugar levels, and loss of glucose in the urine. High amounts of glucose in the urine can cause increased urine output and lead to dehydration. Dehydration causes increased thirst and water consumption.
  2. The inability of insulin to perform normally has effects on protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Insulin is an anabolic hormone, that is, one that encourages storage of fat and protein.
  3. A relative or absolute insulin deficiency eventually leads to weight loss despite an increase in appetite.
  4. Some untreated diabetes patients also complain of fatigue, nausea and vomiting.
  5. Patients with diabetes are prone to developing infections of the bladder, skin, and vaginal areas.
  6. Fluctuations in blood glucose levels can lead to blurred vision. Extremely elevated glucose levels can lead to lethargy and coma.

How do I know if I have diabetes?

Many people are unaware that they have diabetes, especially in its early stages when symptoms may not be present. There is no definite way to know if you have diabetes without undergoing blood tests to determine your blood glucose levels (see section on Diagnosis of diabetes). See your doctor if you have symptoms of diabetes or if you are concerned about your diabetes risk.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/13/2015

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Diabetes - Symptoms Question: The symptoms of diabetes can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?
Diabetes - Causes Question: What was the cause of your diabetes (overweight, lack of physical activity, pregnancy, autoimmune)?
Diabetes - Test Question: What type of diabetes test do you use to check your blood sugar at home?
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