dextrose monohydrate solution

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GENERIC NAME: dextrose monohydrate solution

BRAND NAME: N/A

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.

  • 5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.

STORAGE: Store dextrose solution at room temperature 25 C (77 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextrose 5% and 10% solutions are used to provide fluids and energy for patients. Dextrose 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% solutions are used for protein and nutrients in intravenous feeding formulations.

DOSING: Dosing of dextrose solution varies based on individual patient requirements such as age, current medical conditions, and clinical state.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Dextrose Solutions should not be used in the same IV line as blood products.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on dextrose to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether dextrose enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextrose are, increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia), hyperosmolarity, injection site infection and increased fluid volume.



FDA Prescribing Information. Current Medication Information. DEXTROSE (dextrose monohydrate) injection, solution [Hospira, Inc.].

PDR.net Prescribing Information.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/16/2014



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