dextrose monohydrate solution

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: dextrose monohydrate solution


DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.



PREPARATIONS: Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.

  • 5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.

STORAGE: Store dextrose solution at room temperature 25 C (77 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextrose 5% and 10% solutions are used to provide fluids and energy for patients. Dextrose 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% solutions are used for protein and nutrients in intravenous feeding formulations.

DOSING: Dosing of dextrose solution varies based on individual patient requirements such as age, current medical conditions, and clinical state.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Dextrose Solutions should not be used in the same IV line as blood products.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on dextrose to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether dextrose enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextrose are, increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia), hyperosmolarity, injection site infection and increased fluid volume.

FDA Prescribing Information. Current Medication Information. DEXTROSE (dextrose monohydrate) injection, solution [Hospira, Inc.]. Prescribing Information.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/16/2014

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Pill Finder Tool

Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Back to Medications Index


Get the Latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!