dextrose monohydrate solution

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GENERIC NAME: dextrose monohydrate solution


DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextrose 5% and 10% solutions are used to provide fluids and energy for patients. Dextrose 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% solutions are used for protein and nutrients in intravenous feeding formulations.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextrose are:



PREPARATIONS: Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.

  • 5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/28/2015

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