GENERIC NAME: dextrose monohydrate solution
BRAND NAME: N/A
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextrose 5% and 10% solutions are used to provide fluids and energy for patients. Dextrose 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% solutions are used for protein and nutrients in intravenous feeding formulations.
SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextrose are:
- increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia),
- injection site infection, and
- increased fluid volume.
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
PREPARATIONS: Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.
- 5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
- 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
- 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.
STORAGE: Store dextrose solution at room temperature 25 C (77 F).
DOSING: Dosing of dextrose solution varies based on individual patient requirements such as age, current medical conditions, and clinical state.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Dextrose Solutions should not be used in the same IV line as blood products.
PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on dextrose to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.
NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether dextrose enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.
Medically reviewed by Eni Williams, PharmD
FDA Prescribing Information. Current Medication Information. DEXTROSE (dextrose monohydrate) injection, solution [Hospira, Inc.].
PDR.net Prescribing Information.
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