dextrose monohydrate solution

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.

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GENERIC NAME: dextrose monohydrate solution

BRAND NAME: N/A

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextrose 5% and 10% solutions are used to provide fluids and energy for patients. Dextrose 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% solutions are used for protein and nutrients in intravenous feeding formulations.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextrose are:

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.

  • 5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers.
  • 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.

STORAGE: Store dextrose solution at room temperature 25 C (77 F).

DOSING: Dosing of dextrose solution varies based on individual patient requirements such as age, current medical conditions, and clinical state.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Dextrose Solutions should not be used in the same IV line as blood products.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on dextrose to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether dextrose enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.

Medically reviewed by Eni Williams, PharmD



FDA Prescribing Information. Current Medication Information. DEXTROSE (dextrose monohydrate) injection, solution [Hospira, Inc.].

PDR.net Prescribing Information.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/28/2015

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