GENERIC NAME: dextroamphetamine sulfate
BRAND NAME: Dexedrine, Dextrostat, ProCentra, Zenzedi
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextroamphetamine is a medication used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. ADHD is a common disorder among children and teenagers that affects social, academic, and occupational functioning. Narcolepsy also is known as excessive daytime sleepiness, which is more common in adults. Dextroamphetamine is an amphetamine salt. Amphetamines stimulate the brain by increasing the level of the neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain. (Neurotransmitters are chemicals produced by nerves that are released and attach to other nearby nerves as a means of communication among nerves.) The exact mechanism of action in ADHD is unknown.
The FDA approved dextroamphetamine in May, 1975.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextroamphetamine is prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextroamphetamine include:
- Excessive stimulation of the nervous system leading to nervousness
- Convulsions (seizures)
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