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- What is dexamethasone-injectable, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for dexamethasone-injectable?
- Is dexamethasone-injectable available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for dexamethasone-injectable?
- What are the side effects of dexamethasone-injectable?
- What is the dosage for dexamethasone-injectable?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with dexamethasone-injectable?
- Is dexamethasone-injectable safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about dexamethasone-injectable?
What is dexamethasone-injectable, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Dexamethasone is a synthetic (created by a chemical processes) corticosteroid hormone like prednisone, betamethasone, and triamcinolone. More specifically, dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid hormone, which means that it has anti-inflammatory effects, as well as the ability to affect blood glucose use, fat breakdown, and bone development depending on where it binds in the body. Dexamethasone reduces inflammation by preventing immune cells, such as neutrophils, from migrating to the site of action, reducing the release of inflammatory signals, as well as decreasing how well substances may pass in and out of the blood vessels. It also has anti-vomiting properties (antiemetic). The FDA approved dexamethasone in 1958.
What brand names are available for dexamethasone-injectable?
Baycadron, Decadron (Discontinued), Dexamethasone Intensol
Is dexamethasone-injectable available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for dexamethasone-injectable?
What are the side effects of dexamethasone-injectable?
Glucocorticoids are associated with a variety of side effects based on dose and duration of therapy. Dexamethasone may commonly cause an increase in blood sugar, appetite, insomnia, acne, and nervousness or emotional instability (depression or euphoria). It may also cause impaired wound healing, high blood pressure, raised pressure in the eye, and cataracts. Serious side effects include risk of cardiomyopathy, induced diabetes mellitus, pancreatitis, osteoporosis (bone loss), and conjunctival hemorrhage.
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