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GENERIC NAME: dexamethasone

BRAND NAME: Decadron (discontinued), DexPak

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dexamethasone is a synthetic (man-made) corticosteroid. Corticosteroids are naturally-occurring chemicals produced by the adrenal glands located above the kidneys. Corticosteroids affect the function of many cells within the body and suppress the immune system. Corticosteroids also block inflammation and are used in a wide variety of inflammatory diseases affecting many organs. The FDA approved dexamethasone in October 1958.



PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, and 6 mg. Elixir/Solution: 0.5 mg /5 mL. Oral Concentrate: 1 mg/ml and for injection (IV, IM, intra-articular, intralesional or into tissue), 4mg/ml and 10mg/ml.

STORAGE: Dexamethasone should be stored at 20 C - 25 C (68 F - 77 F) and not frozen.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Dexamethasone is used for reducing inflammation in many conditions. Some examples include rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, acute gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease. Severe allergic conditions that fail to respond to other treatments also may respond to dexamethasone. Examples include bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, drug-induced dermatitis, and contact and atopic dermatitis. Chronic skin conditions treated with dexamethasone include dermatitis herpetiformis, pemphigus, severe psoriasis and severe seborrheic dermatitis. Chronic allergic and inflammatory conditions of the uvea, iris, conjunctiva and optic nerves of the eyes also are treated with dexamethasone.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/28/2014

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