Depression in Children

  • Medical Author:
    Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

    Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Quick GuideDepression Hurts: Physical Symptoms of Depression

Depression Hurts: Physical Symptoms of Depression

Where can families get information and support for childhood depression?

American Association of Suicidology

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Jason Foundation

National Alliance for the Mentally Ill
2101 Wilson Boulevard Suite 302
Arlington, VA 22201
HelpLine: 800-950-NAMI (6264)

National Suicide Prevention Hotline
800-SUICIDE (784-2433)

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
800-273-TALK (8255)

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program


American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

American Psychiatric Association. Treatment of patients with major depressive disorder, third edition. American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines; November 2010.

American Psychiatric Association, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The Use of Medication in Treating Childhood and Adolescent Depression: Information for Patients and Families. American Psychiatric Association 2013.

Amr M, El-Mogy A, Shams T, et al. Efficacy of vitamin C as an adjunct to fluoxetine therapy in pediatric major depressive disorder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. Nutrition Journal 2013; 12.

Benson LP, Williams RJ, Novick MB. Pediatric obesity and depression. Clinical Pediatrics 2013 January; 52(1): 24-29. Bhatia SK, Bhatia SC. Childhood and adolescent depression. American Family Physician 2007 January; 75(1): 73-80.

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Clark MS, Jansen KL, Cloy JA. Treatment of childhood and adolescent depression. American Family Physician 2012; 85(5): 442-448.

Duckworth K, Gruttadaro D, Markay D. A Family Guide: What Families Need to Know About Adolescent Depression, second edition. National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, 2010.

Dunn V, Goodyer IM. Longitudinal investigation into childhood- and adolescence-onset depression: psychiatric outcome in early adulthood. British Journal of Psychiatry 2006; 188: 216-222.

Gladstone TRG, Beardslee WR, O'Connor EE. The prevention of adolescent depression. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2011 March; 34(1): 35-52.

Stewart ME, Barnard L, Pearson J, Hasan R, O'Brien G. Presentation of depression in autism and Asperger syndrome. Autism 2006 January; 10(1); 103-116.

University of California, San Francisco. "Exposure to toxic chemicals threatening human reproduction and health." Science News Oct. 2015.

Wieting JM. Cause and effect in childhood obesity: solutions for a national epidemic. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 2008; 108(10): 545-552.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/18/2015

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