Depression Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Depression. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Depression or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Vitamin D Deficiency Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive...learn more »
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lyme Disease Article
    • Lyme disease facts
    • What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
    • What is the history of Lyme disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Lyme disease?
    • How is Lyme disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Lyme disease, and what is its prognosis?
    • How can Lyme disease be prevented? Is there a vaccine?
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What we know about sarcoidosis
    • Some things we don't know about sarcoidosis
    • How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
    • What are some signs and symptoms that suggest possible sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests show?
    • How is sarcoidosis treated?
    • Living with sarcoidosis
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Panic Attacks Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Panic Attacks Article
    • Panic attack facts
    • What are panic attacks?
    • What are panic attack symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • Are panic attacks serious?
    • What are causes and risk factors for panic attacks?
    • How is panic disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for panic attacks? What medications treat panic attacks?
    • What are complications of untreated panic attacks?
    • What is the prognosis for panic disorder?
    • How are panic attacks prevented?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Can anxiety be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease Article
    • Parkinson's disease facts
    • What is Parkinson's disease?
    • What causes Parkinson's disease?
    • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
    • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
    • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
    • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
    • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
    • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Parkinson's disease?
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Can dry mouth be prevented?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache is a headache previously thought to be caused by contraction of the muscles in the back of the neck, on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Are home remedies effective for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol abuse and alcoholism symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Cushing's Syndrome Cushing's syndrome, sometimes referred to as hypercortisolism, is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure to high levels...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cushing's Syndrome Article
    • Cushing's syndrome facts*
    • What is Cushing's syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome?
    • What causes Cushing's syndrome?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Cushing's syndrome treated?
    • What research is being done on Cushing's syndrome?
    • For more information
  • Sexual Addiction The term sex addiction describes the behavior of someone who has an unusually strong sex drive or sexual obsession. Sex and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Addiction Article
    • Sexual addiction facts
    • What is sexual addiction, and what are the types of sexual addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for sexual addiction?
    • What are sexual addiction symptoms and signs?
    • How is sexual addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sexual addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of sexual addiction?
    • Can sexual addiction be prevented?
    • What are complications of sexual addiction?
    • Are support groups available for sex addicts?
    • What research is being done on sexual addiction?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystic Fibrosis Article
    • Cystic fibrosis facts*
    • What is cystic fibrosis?
    • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
    • What causes cystic fibrosis?
    • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
    • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
    • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
    • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
    • Living with cystic fibrosis
    • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
  • Whiplash Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whiplash Article
    • Whiplash facts
    • What is whiplash?
    • What causes whiplash?
    • What are the symptoms of whiplash?
    • How is whiplash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whiplash?
    • What can be done to prevent whiplash?
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burning Mouth Syndrome Article
    • Burning mouth syndrome facts*
    • Burning mouth syndrome introduction
    • What are signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?
    • How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are helpful tips for dealing with burning mouth syndrome?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Tourette Syndrome Tourette syndrome is disorder, which symptoms include involuntary facial tics, motor tics, and vocal tics. The cause of Tourette...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tourette Syndrome Article
    • What is Tourette syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Tourette syndrome?
    • What is the course of Tourette syndrome?
    • Can people with Tourette syndrome control their tics?
    • What causes Tourette syndrome?
    • What disorders are associated with Tourette syndrome?
    • How is Tourette syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is Tourette syndrome treated?
    • Is Tourette syndrome inherited?
    • What is the prognosis for Tourette syndrome?
    • What is the best educational setting for children with Tourette syndrome?
    • What research is being done for Tourette syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information about Tourette syndrome?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Huntington's Disease Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...learn more »
    In This Article
    Huntington's Disease Article
    • Huntington's disease facts*
    • Introduction to Huntington's disease
    • What causes Huntington's disease?
    • How is Huntington's disease inherited?
    • What are the symptoms and major effects of Huntington's disease?
    • At what age does Huntington's disease appear?
    • How is Huntington's disease diagnosed?
    • What is presymptomatic testing?
    • How is the presymptomatic test conducted?
    • How does a person decide whether to be tested?
    • Is there a treatment for Huntington's disease?
    • What kind of care does an individual with Huntington's disease need?
    • What community resources are available for Huntington's disease?
    • What research is being done on Huntington's disease?
    • How can I help?
    • What is the role of voluntary organizations?
    • Where can I get more information about Huntington's disease?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disorder that may cause hallucinations and delusions and affect a person's ability to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizophrenia Article
    • Schizophrenia facts
    • What is schizophrenia?
    • What are the different types of schizophrenia?
    • How common is schizophrenia in children?
    • What is the history of schizophrenia?
    • What are causes of schizophrenia? Is it hereditary?
    • What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
    • How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
    • What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
    • What research is being done on schizophrenia?
    • Where can people get more information about schizophrenia?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar disorder facts
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
    • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
    • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • What illnesses often coexist with bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
    • What are complications and prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
    • Can bipolar disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder?
    • Where can people find support to help them cope with bipolar disorder?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts*
    • What is dementia?
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • Who develops Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease
    • What are the causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
    • What is the prognosis of a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
    • Partial glutamate antagonists
    • Non-medication based treatments
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms
    • Potential and future therapies for Alzheimer's disease
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
    • National Institute on Aging home safety for people with Alzheimer's disease
    • Introduction
    • General safety concerns for persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Is it safe to leave the person with Alzheimer's disease alone?
    • Home safety room-by-room
    • Home safety behavior-by-behavior
    • Special occasions/gatherings/holidays
    • Impairment of the senses
    • Driving
    • Natural disaster safety
    • Who would take care of the person with Alzheimer's disease if something happened to you?
    • Conclusion
    • Additional resources
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered to be a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been...learn more »
    In This Article
    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Article
    • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) facts
    • What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)?
    • What causes PMDD?
    • What are the symptoms of PMDD?
    • When should I call a doctor about PMDD?
    • How is PMDD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for PMDD?
    • What are the complications of PMDD?
    • Can PMDD be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for PMDD?
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dissociative Identity Disorder Article
    • Dissociative identity disorder (DID) facts
    • What is dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors of dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are dissociative identity disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment methods for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are complications of dissociative identity disorder?
    • How can dissociative identity disorder be prevented?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are other causes of insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
    • Insomnia At A Glance
  • Psychotic Disorders Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. Different types of psychotic disorders include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psychotic Disorders Article
    • Psychotic disorder facts
    • What are the different types of psychotic disorders?
    • How common are psychotic disorders?
    • What are causes and risk factors for psychotic disorders in children, teenagers, and adults?
    • What are psychotic disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How are psychotic disorders diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for psychotic disorders?
    • What are potential complications of medications used to treat psychotic disorders?
    • Is it possible to treat psychotic disorders without medication?
    • What are complications of psychotic disorders?
    • What is the prognosis for people with a psychotic disorder?
    • Can psychotic disorders be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about psychotic disorders?
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is a fear of being outside or of being in a situation from which escape would be impossible. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Agoraphobia Article
    • Agoraphobia facts
    • What is agoraphobia?
    • What causes agoraphobia?
    • What are the symptoms of agoraphobia?
    • What are the risk factors for agoraphobia?
    • When should one seek medical care for agoraphobia?
    • How do physicians diagnose agoraphobia?
    • What is the treatment for agoraphobia?
    • What are the complications of agoraphobia?
    • What is the prognosis for agoraphobia?
    • Is it possible to prevent agoraphobia?
    • Is there coping and support information for both agoraphobia patients and their family members and loved ones?
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to suffer repeated obsessions and compulsions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Article
    • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) facts
    • What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and what are OCD symptoms?
    • What causes OCD?
    • How is OCD diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for OCD?
    • What happens if OCD is not treated? What are complications of obsessive compulsive disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for OCD?
    • How is OCD prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about obsessive compulsive disorder?
  • Taste Disorders The most common taste disorder is phantom taste perception; that is, a lingering, often unpleasant taste even though you have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Taste Disorders Article
    • Taste disorders facts*
    • How common are taste disorders?
    • How does our sense of taste work?
    • What are the taste disorders?
    • What causes taste disorders?
    • How are taste disorders diagnosed?
    • Are taste disorders serious?
    • Can taste disorders be treated?
    • What research is being done?
  • Narcolepsy Narcolepsy, a chronic disease of the central nervous system causes have not been fully determined. Some theories include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcolepsy Article
    • Narcolepsy facts
    • What is narcolepsy?
    • How common is narcolepsy?
    • What causes narcolepsy?
    • What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?
    • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
    • Cataplexy
    • Hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Sleep paralysis
    • Additional symptoms
    • How is narcolepsy diagnosed?
    • How is narcolepsy treated?
    • Medications
    • Non-drug treatments
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) for patients with narcolepsy?
    • What's in the future for narcolepsy?
    • For more information
  • Schizoaffective Disorder Schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness that features schizophrenia and a mood disorder, either major depression or bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizoaffective Disorder Article
    • Schizoaffective disorder facts
    • What is schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are the different types of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are schizoaffective disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How can schizoaffective disorder be diagnosed?
    • What are criteria for diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are complications of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of schizoaffective disorder?
    • Can schizoaffective disorder be prevented?
    • Are there support groups for schizoaffective disorder?
    • Where can people find more information on schizoaffective disorder?
  • Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder) Asperger's syndrome (AS, Asperger syndrome, Asperger disorder) is an autism spectrum disorder. Asperger's syndrome is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder) Article
    • Asperger's syndrome facts
    • What is Asperger's syndrome?
    • What causes Asperger's syndrome?
    • How common is Asperger's syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Asperger's syndrome?
    • How is Asperger's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What are the risks or complications of Asperger's syndrome?
    • What are the treatments for Asperger's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Asperger's syndrome?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the human immunodeficiency virus?
    • What is the history of HIV?
    • What causes an HIV infection?
    • What are the different stages of an HIV infection?
    • What are risk factors for an HIV infection?
    • What are HIV infection symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose an HIV infection? What are the different types of HIV tests?
    • What is the treatment for an HIV infection?
    • What are complications of an HIV infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an HIV infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent the transmission of HIV?
    • What research is being done on HIV?
    • Are support groups available for people who are HIV positive?
    • Where can people find more information on HIV?
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has many symptoms, signs, and causes. Therapy is one treatment option for antisocial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antisocial Personality Disorder Article
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) facts
    • What are antisocial personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What is the difference between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?
    • What are causes and risk factors of antisocial personality disorder?
    • How is antisocial personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
    • What happens if antisocial personality disorder is not treated? What is the prognosis of antisocial personality disorder?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • ICU Psychosis ICU psychosis is a disorder (also a form of delirium or acute brain failure) in which patients in an intensive care unit or a...learn more »
    In This Article
    ICU Psychosis Article
    • ICU psychosis facts
    • What is ICU psychosis?
    • What causes ICU psychosis?
    • What are the symptoms of ICU psychosis?
    • How is ICU psychosis diagnosed?
    • How is ICU psychosis treated?
    • Can ICU psychosis be prevented?
    • How long does ICU psychosis last?
    • How common is ICU psychosis?
    • What is an example of a situation of ICU psychosis?
    • Can ICU psychosis be dangerous?
  • Marijuana Get the latest marijuana statistics and information. Learn its negative effects and how this illegal drug, also known as pot,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marijuana Article
    • Marijuana facts
    • What is marijuana, and how is it abused?
    • What is medical marijuana? How is medical marijuana prescribed?
    • What are other names for marijuana?
    • What is the history and different types of marijuana?
    • Is marijuana addictive?
    • What are the psychological and social effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the physical effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the treatments for marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Can marijuana abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about marijuana abuse and addiction?
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • What are some effective stress-management strategies?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques/meditation
    • Time management
    • Organization skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Mental Illness Mental illness is any disease or condition affecting the brain that influence the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness Article
    • What causes mental illness?
    • Can mental illness be prevented?
    • How common is mental illness?
    • How is mental illness treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with mental illness?
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...learn more »
    In This Article
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Article
    • Autism facts
    • What is autism?
    • How does autism impact the family?
    • What are the different types of autism?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of autism in children and adults?
    • Impairment of social interaction and communication
    • Behaviors
    • What causes autism?
    • Is autism genetic?
    • Do vaccines play a role in autism?
    • How is autism diagnosed in children and adults?
    • How is autism treated in children and adults?
    • What common sociobehavioral interventions are used to treat autism?
    • What are the common medications used to treat the symptoms of autism?
    • Can diet and supplements play a role in the treatment of autism?
    • What is the prognosis for children and adults with autism?
    • For more information about autism in children and adults
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Mental Health Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Health Article
    • Mental health and mental illness facts
    • What is mental health?
    • What is mental illness?
    • What are common types of mental illness?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for mental illness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness?
    • How is mental illness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a mental health problem?
    • Can mental health disorders be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for mental health problems?
    • Where can people get support for mental health disorders?
    • Where can people get more information about mental illnesses?
  • Teen Depression Depression in teenagers may be caused by many factors. Symptoms of teen depression include apathy, irresponsible behavior,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Depression Article
    • Teen depression facts
    • What is teen depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in teenagers?
    • What are teen depression symptoms and signs?
    • What are warning signs for teen suicide?
    • How is depression in teens diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for teen depression?
    • What are complications of teen depression?
    • What is the prognosis of teen depression?
    • Can teen depression be prevented?
    • What can family members and friends do to help a depressed teen?
    • Where can teens get support for depression?
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioral problem that may persist into adulthood. About...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
    • How prevalent is adult ADHD?
    • What are symptoms and signs of adult ADHD?
    • How is ADHD in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for adult ADHD?
    • Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
    • What are complications of adult ADHD?
    • What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
    • Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
    • Are support groups available for those with adult ADHD?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Mental Illness in Children About 5 million children and adolescents in the U.S. suffer from a serious mental illness such as eating disorders, anxiety...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness in Children Article
    • Mental illness in children facts
    • What are the most common mental illnesses in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for mental illness in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness in children?
    • How is mental illness in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mental illness in children?
    • What is the prognosis of mental illness in children?
    • Can mental illness in children be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mental illness in children?
    • Where can parents find information or support groups for mental illness in children?
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) ADHD afflicts approximately 3 percent to 5 percent of school-age children and an estimated 60 percent of those maintain the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What is the impact of ADHD in adults?
    • How common is ADHD in adults?
    • What are common adult ADHD symptoms, behaviors, and problems?
    • What school-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What work-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What social-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • What relationship-related impairments are linked to adult ADHD?
    • How is adult ADHD diagnosed?
    • What medications are used in the treatment of adult ADHD?
    • What psychosocial behavior management strategies treat ADHD?
    • Are there support groups for adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Gambling Addiction Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gambling Addiction Article
    • Gambling addiction facts
    • What is a gambling addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for gambling addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a gambling addiction?
    • How is a gambling addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gambling addiction?
    • What is the prognosis for gambling addiction?
    • What are complications and negative effects of gambling addiction?
    • Is it possible to prevent gambling addiction?
    • Where can people get support for gambling addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about gambling addiction?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Depression Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Depression: The Basics Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • When a Loved One Has Depression Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Depression: Causes of Depression Second Source article from The Cleveland Clinic...learn more »
  • Depression Treatment Options Second Source article from WebMD...learn more »
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome facts*
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What triggers cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome treated?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Depression Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • ADHD in Children (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition that causes the following symptoms in children:...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD in Children (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • ADHD in children facts
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are causes and risk factors for ADHD in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of ADHD in children?
    • How do physicians diagnose ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments and possible side effects of medications for ADHD in children?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Depression: When a Friend is Depressed Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Binge Eating Disorder Characteristics of binge eating disorder include eating more quickly than usual, eating until uncomfortably full, eating a lot of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binge Eating Disorder Article
    • Binge eating disorder facts
    • What is binge eating disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for binge eating disorder?
    • What are symptoms and signs of binge eating disorder?
    • How is binge eating disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for binge eating disorder?
    • What are complications and prognosis of binge eating disorder?
    • Can binge eating disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on binge eating disorder?
  • Depression: A Treatable Illness Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • What is erectile dysfunction?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • What are the risk factors for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can young men get erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • Can erectile dysfunction be prevented?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Post-Polio Syndrome Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....learn more »
    In This Article
    Post-Polio Syndrome Article
    • What is post-polio syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of post-polio syndrome?
    • What causes post-polio syndrome?
    • How is post-polio syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is post-polio syndrome treated?
    • What is the role of exercise in the treatment of post-polio syndrome?
    • Can post-polio syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being conducted on post-polio syndrome?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that tends to occur as the days grow shorter in the fall and winter. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seasonal Affective Disorder Article
    • What is seasonal affective disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder?
    • What causes seasonal affective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for seasonal affective disorder?
  • Munchausen Syndrome Munchausen syndrome is a factitious disorder and attention-seeking syndrome in which an individual pretends to have physical or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome Article
    • Munchausen syndrome facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome?
    • What causes Munchausen syndrome?
    • What are Munchausen syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Munchausen syndrome?
    • Can Munchausen syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about Munchausen syndrome?
  • Bath Salts Ingredients of the drug bath salts include mephedrone, methylone, MDPV, or MDPK. Feeling high and sexually stimulated are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bath Salts Article
    • Bath salts facts
    • What are bath salts, and how are bath salts abused?
    • What is the history of bath salts?
    • Are bath salts addictive?
    • Are bath salts legal?
    • What are risk and protective (prevention) factors for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bath salts intoxication?
    • What are the side effects, complications, and prognosis of abusing bath salts?
    • How is bath salts abuse and addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bath salts abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about bath salts abuse and addiction?
  • West Nile Virus West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after...learn more »
    In This Article
    West Nile Virus Article
    • West Nile virus facts
    • What is the history of West Nile virus?
    • Where did the West Nile virus come from?
    • How do people get West Nile virus?
    • How do mosquitoes get infected with the West Nile virus?
    • Can one person contract the virus from another?
    • Besides mosquitoes, can other insects transmit the West Nile virus?
    • Are there any other viruses around like the West Nile virus?
    • What are West Nile virus symptoms and signs?
    • When is there an increased risk for infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting West Nile virus?
    • What is the treatment for West Nile virus? Can West Nile virus be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Is a woman's pregnancy at risk if she gets West Nile virus?
    • What can a community do to reduce the risk of an outbreak of the West Nile virus?
    • What can a person do to reduce the risk of becoming infected with the West Nile virus?
  • Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a mental illness (factitious disorder) in which a caregiver secretly abuses a child by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Article
    • Munchausen syndrome by proxy facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are causes/risk factors for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome by proxy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the complications of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • Where can one get more information on Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD generally appears in the later...learn more »
    In This Article
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Article
    • What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)?
    • What are the symptoms of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease diagnosed?
    • What causes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease transmitted?
    • What research is taking place with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
    • How is the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease treated?
  • Bullying Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. The four types of bullying include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullying Article
    • Bullying facts
    • What is bullying?
    • How common is bullying?
    • What are the different types of bullying?
    • What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
    • What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
    • What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
    • What are the effects of bullying?
    • What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
    • What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
    • What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
    • What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
    • Where can people find more information about bullying?
  • Emotional Eating Emotional eating can be detrimental to one's efforts at weight loss. Learning to identify the situations and emotions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emotional Eating Article
    • How can I identify eating triggers?
    • How do I stop emotional eating?
    • What if distracting myself isn't enough to keep me from overeating?
  • Factitious Disorders Factitious disorders are conditions in which people pretend to have physical or mental illnesses when they aren't sick. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Factitious Disorders Article
    • Types of factitious disorders
    • What are the symptoms of factitious disorders?
    • What causes factitious disorders?
    • How common are factitious disorders?
    • How are factitious disorders diagnosed?
    • How are factitious disorders treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with factitious disorders?
    • Can factitious disorders be prevented?
  • Depression in the Elderly Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in the Elderly Article
    • How does depression in the elderly differ from depression in younger adults?
    • How is insomnia related to depression in the elderly?
    • What are risk factors for depression in the elderly?
    • What types of treatment are available for depression in the elderly?
    • How do antidepressants relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Can psychotherapy help relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Who may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
    • What other problems affect treatment of depression in the elderly?
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Binswanger's Disease Binswanger's disease is a type of vascular dementia that is caused by damage to the blood vessels that feed deep areas of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binswanger's Disease Article
    • What is Binswanger's disease and what causes it?
    • What are the symptoms of Binswanger's disease?
    • How is Binswanger's disease diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for Binswanger's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Binswanger's disease?
    • What research is being done on Binswanger's disease?
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How is depression in children diagnosed?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis of depression in children?
    • Can depression in children be prevented?
    • Where can families get support for a child with depression?
  • Khat Khat (Abyssinian tea, African salad, oat, kat, chat, and catha) is a flowering evergreen shrub native to East Africa and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Khat Article
    • What is Khat and what are the street names for Khat?
    • What does Khat look like?
    • How is Khat used?
    • What are the health side effects of Khat use?
    • Who uses Khat?
    • How does Khat get to the United States?
    • Who much does Khat cost?
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in teens is a disruption of neurocognitive functioning. Genetics contribute to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Teens Article
    • ADHD in teens introduction
    • What causes ADHD in teens?
    • How is ADHD in teens diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms of ADHD in teens?
    • How does ADHD in teens affect executive function?
    • What kinds of difficulties do teens with ADHD face?
    • What are non-medical treatment strategies for teen ADHD?
    • What stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What are the potential side effects of stimulant medications?
    • What non-stimulant medications are available to treat ADHD in teens?
    • What alternative treatments are available for ADHD in teens?
  • Peyronie's Disease (Curvature of the Penis) Peyronie's disease is a condition characterized by a hard lump, or plaque, that forms within the penis. Symptoms of Peyronie's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peyronie's Disease (Curvature of the Penis) Article
    • Peyronie's disease facts*
    • What is Peyronie's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Peyronie's disease?
    • What causes Peyronie's disease?
    • How does Peyronie's disease develop?
    • How is Peyronie's disease evaluated?
    • How is Peyronie's disease treated?
    • Medical treatments for Peyronie's disease
    • Surgery for Peyronie's disease
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information about Peyronie's disease
    • Acknowledgments
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?
  • Sick Building Syndrome Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) or also referred to as sick building syndrome or environmental illness is the name given by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sick Building Syndrome Article
    • Sick building syndrome facts
    • What is sick building syndrome?
    • Why is sick building syndrome controversial?
    • What causes sick building syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for sick building syndrome?
    • What are sick building syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is sick building syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sick building syndrome?
    • What are complications of sick building syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of sick building syndrome?
    • Is there a way to prevent sick building syndrome?
  • Holiday Depression and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression and stress facts
    • What causes holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression and stress?
    • How is holiday stress and depression diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression and stress?
    • Can holiday stress and depression be prevented?

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