Table of Contents
- Dengue fever facts
- What is dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever? (continued)
- How is dengue fever contracted?
- What is the incubation period for dengue fever?
- What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care providers use to diagnose dengue fever?
- What is the treatment for dengue fever?
- What types of doctors treat dengue fever?
- How long does dengue fever last?
- What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
- What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
- What are potential complications of dengue fever?
- Is it possible to prevent dengue fever?
- Is there a dengue fever vaccine?
- Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
Quick GuideTravel Health Pictures Slideshow: Vaccines & Preventing Diseases Abroad
What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever? (continued)
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that from 1946 to 1980, no cases of dengue acquired in the continental United States were reported. Since 1980, a few locally acquired U.S. cases have been confirmed along the Texas-Mexico border, temporally associated with large outbreaks in neighboring Mexican cities.
A 2009 outbreak of dengue fever in the Florida town of Key West involved three patients who did not travel outside of the U.S. contracted the virus. Subsequent testing of the population of Key West has shown that up to 5% of the people living in the area have antibodies to dengue. In total, 28 people were diagnosed with dengue fever in this outbreak. In 2015, 210 people were diagnosed with dengue on the Big Island of Hawaii. This is the largest outbreak in Hawaii since 2001, when 122 people were diagnosed with dengue.
Dengue fever is common in at least 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and the Caribbean. Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, and Malaysia have all reported an increase in cases.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are about 390 million cases of dengue fever worldwide, and 96 million require medical treatment. Five hundred thousand cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, the most severe form of dengue, require hospitalization each year. Nearly 40% of the world's population lives in an area endemic with dengue. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 22,000 deaths occur yearly, mostly among children. Continue Reading
Anwar, Sarah. "First Dengue Vaccine Approved By WHO After Twenty Years of Clinical Studies." ContagionLive.com. Apr. 19, 2016. <http://www.contagionlive.com/news/first-dengue-vaccine-is-approved-by-who-after-twenty-years-of-clinical-studies?utm_source=Informz&utm_medium=Contagion+Live&utm_campaign=Contagion_Live_
Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. "Dengue Fever: Global Update." June 3, 2011. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/thn-csv/dengue-eng.php>.
Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. "Dengue in South East Asia." Aug. 23, 2007. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/2007/dengue070823_e.html>.
"Dengue Fever in Key West." Florida Department of Health. <http://www.doh.state.fl.us/Environment/medicine/arboviral/Dengue_FloridaKeys.html>.
Dengue Vaccine Initiative. <http://www.denguevaccines.org/>.
Effler, P.V., et al. "Dengue Fever, Hawaii, 2001-2002." Emerg Infec Dis 11.5 May 2005: 742-749. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15890132>.
Hendrick, Bill. "FDA OKs Test for Dengue Fever." WebMD.com. Apr. 13, 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/news/20110413/fda-oks-test-for-dengue-fever>.
New Zealand. Auckland Regional Public Health Service. "Dengue Fever, Zika & Chikungunya." September 2015. <http://www.arphs.govt.nz/health-information/communicable-disease/dengue-fever-zika-chikungunya#.VgB53HvBdgo>.
Seet, Raymond C.S., Amy M.L. Quek, and Erle C.H. Lim. "Post-infectious fatigue syndrome in dengue infection." Journal of Clinical Virology 38 (2007): 1-6. <http://184.108.40.206/portal/arquivos/kitdengue2/aspectosclinicos/textos/
Shepherd, Suzanne Moore. "Dengue." Medscape.com. Oct. 5, 2015. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215840-overview#a6>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Dengue and Severe Dengue." April 2016.<http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Dengue vaccine research." Dec. 14, 2015. <http://www.who.int/immunization/research/development/dengue_vaccines/en/>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Planning Social Mobilization and Communication for Dengue Fever Prevention and Control." <http://www.who.int/tdr/publications/publications/pdf/planning_dengue.pdf>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Vector-Borne Viral Infections." <http://www.who.int/vaccine_research/diseases/vector/en/index.html>.
United States. California Department of Public Health. "Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes." <https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HEALTHINFO/DISCOND/Pages/Aedes-albopictus-and-Aedes-aegypti-Mosquitoes.aspx>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Chikungunya." Oct. 6, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/chikungunya/>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue." June 15, 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue." Oct. 28, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever --- U.S.-Mexico Border, 2005." Aug. 8, 2007. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5631a1.htm>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Locally Acquired Dengue -- Key West, Florida, 2009-2010." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 59.19 May 21, 2010: 577-581. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5919a1.htm>.
United States. State of Hawaii, Department of Health. "Dengue Outbreak 2015." Jan. 8, 2016. <http://health.hawaii.gov/docd/dengue-outbreak-2015/>.
"Why a Vaccine." Dengue Vaccine Initiative. <http://www.denguevaccines.org/why-a-vaccine>.
2. "Dengue" by CDC per University of South Carolina Biomedical Sciences
4. Getty Images
6. Getty Images
7. Getty Images
8. Getty Images
10. Getty Images
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters
Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!