Table of Contents
- Dengue fever facts
- What is dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
- What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever? (continued)
- How is dengue fever contracted?
- What is the incubation period for dengue fever?
- What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health-care providers use to diagnose dengue fever?
- What is the treatment for dengue fever?
- What types of doctors treat dengue fever?
- How long does dengue fever last?
- What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
- What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
- What are potential complications of dengue fever?
- Is it possible to prevent dengue fever?
- Is there a dengue fever vaccine?
- Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
Quick GuideTravel Health Pictures Slideshow: Vaccines & Preventing Diseases Abroad
What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses transmitted by mosquitoes. It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with symptoms such as headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), and rash. The presence of fever, itchy rash, and headache (the "dengue triad") is characteristic of dengue. Other signs of dengue fever include bleeding gums, severe pain behind the eyes, and red palms and soles.
Dengue (pronounced DENG-gay) can affect anyone but tends to be more severe in people with compromised immune systems. Because it is caused by one of five serotypes the dengue virus, it is possible to get dengue fever multiple times. However, an attack of dengue produces immunity for a lifetime to that particular viral serotype to which the patient was exposed.
Dengue goes by other names, including "breakbone fever" or "dandy fever." Victims of dengue often have contortions due to the intense pain in the joints, muscles, and bones, hence the name breakbone fever. Slaves in the West Indies who contracted dengue were said to have dandy fever because of their postures and gait.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more severe form of the viral illness. Symptoms include headache, fever, rash, and evidence of bleeding (hemorrhage) in the body. Petechiae (small red spots or purple splotches or blisters under the skin), bleeding in the nose or gums, black stools, or easy bruising are all possible signs of hemorrhage. This form of dengue fever can be life-threatening and can progress to the most severe form of the illness, dengue shock syndrome.
Anwar, Sarah. "First Dengue Vaccine Approved By WHO After Twenty Years of Clinical Studies." ContagionLive.com. Apr. 19, 2016. <http://www.contagionlive.com/news/first-dengue-vaccine-is-approved-by-who-after-twenty-years-of-clinical-studies?utm_source=Informz&utm_medium=Contagion+Live&utm_campaign=Contagion_Live_
Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. "Dengue Fever: Global Update." June 3, 2011. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/thn-csv/dengue-eng.php>.
Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. "Dengue in South East Asia." Aug. 23, 2007. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/2007/dengue070823_e.html>.
"Dengue Fever in Key West." Florida Department of Health. <http://www.doh.state.fl.us/Environment/medicine/arboviral/Dengue_FloridaKeys.html>.
Dengue Vaccine Initiative. <http://www.denguevaccines.org/>.
Effler, P.V., et al. "Dengue Fever, Hawaii, 2001-2002." Emerg Infec Dis 11.5 May 2005: 742-749. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15890132>.
Hendrick, Bill. "FDA OKs Test for Dengue Fever." WebMD.com. Apr. 13, 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/news/20110413/fda-oks-test-for-dengue-fever>.
New Zealand. Auckland Regional Public Health Service. "Dengue Fever, Zika & Chikungunya." September 2015. <http://www.arphs.govt.nz/health-information/communicable-disease/dengue-fever-zika-chikungunya#.VgB53HvBdgo>.
Seet, Raymond C.S., Amy M.L. Quek, and Erle C.H. Lim. "Post-infectious fatigue syndrome in dengue infection." Journal of Clinical Virology 38 (2007): 1-6. <http://22.214.171.124/portal/arquivos/kitdengue2/aspectosclinicos/textos/
Shepherd, Suzanne Moore. "Dengue." Medscape.com. Oct. 5, 2015. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215840-overview#a6>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Dengue and Severe Dengue." April 2016.<http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Dengue vaccine research." Dec. 14, 2015. <http://www.who.int/immunization/research/development/dengue_vaccines/en/>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Planning Social Mobilization and Communication for Dengue Fever Prevention and Control." <http://www.who.int/tdr/publications/publications/pdf/planning_dengue.pdf>.
Switzerland. World Health Organization. "Vector-Borne Viral Infections." <http://www.who.int/vaccine_research/diseases/vector/en/index.html>.
United States. California Department of Public Health. "Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes." <https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HEALTHINFO/DISCOND/Pages/Aedes-albopictus-and-Aedes-aegypti-Mosquitoes.aspx>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Chikungunya." Oct. 6, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/chikungunya/>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue." June 15, 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue." Oct. 28, 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/epidemiology/index.html>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever --- U.S.-Mexico Border, 2005." Aug. 8, 2007. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5631a1.htm>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Locally Acquired Dengue -- Key West, Florida, 2009-2010." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 59.19 May 21, 2010: 577-581. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5919a1.htm>.
United States. State of Hawaii, Department of Health. "Dengue Outbreak 2015." Jan. 8, 2016. <http://health.hawaii.gov/docd/dengue-outbreak-2015/>.
"Why a Vaccine." Dengue Vaccine Initiative. <http://www.denguevaccines.org/why-a-vaccine>.
12."Dengue" by CDC per University of South Carolina Biomedical Sciences
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters
Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!