dalteparin (Injection; Fragmin)

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GENERIC NAME: dalteparin Injection

BRAND NAMES: Fragmin

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dalteparin is a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) similar to enoxaparin (Lovenox) and tinzaparin. Dalteparin is used to treat or prevent blood clots and their complications (deep vein thrombosis or DVT and pulmonary embolism or PE). Deep vein thrombosis is the formation of blood clots in veins deep in a muscle, most often in the legs. Deep vein thrombosis may lead to pulmonary embolism, a condition in which a piece of the clot (the embolus) breaks loose and travels through the veins to the lung. In the lung the clot blocks an artery and prevents the part of the lung that is supplied by the artery from working normally. If the artery that is blocked is a large artery, the embolus can cause sudden death. Patients undergoing hip replacement and other major surgery are at increased risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Dalteparin, like other LMWHs is derived from breaking heparin into smaller units. Dalteparin prevents clot formation by accelerating the breakdown of clotting factors Xa and IIa (thrombin) by antithrombin III. Unfractionated heparin, unlike LMWHs, also breaks down clotting factors IX, XI, XII, and plasmin. Unlike heparin, the effect of dalteparin does not need to be monitored with blood tests. The FDA approved dalteparin in December 1994.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

PREPARATIONS:

  • Single-dosed prefilled syringe: 2500 units (u)/0.2 mL, 5000 u/0.2 mL, 7500 u/0.3 mL, 12,500 u/0.5 mL, 15,000 u/0.6 mL, 18,000 u/0.72 mL
  • Single-dose graduated syringe: 10,000 u/mL
  • Multiple dose vial: 95,000 u/9.5 mL, 95,000u/3.8 mL
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/20/2014



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