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- What is cysticercosis?
- What causes cysticercosis?
- What are risk factors for cysticercosis?
- How is cysticercosis transmitted?
- What is the incubation period for cysticercosis?
- Is cysticercosis contagious?
- What are cysticercosis symptoms and signs?
- What specialists treat cysticercosis?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose cysticercosis?
- What is the treatment for cysticercosis?
- What are the complications of cysticercosis?
- What is the prognosis of cysticercosis?
- Is it possible to prevent cysticercosis?
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What specialists treat cysticercosis?
The types of specialists involved in treating individuals with cysticercosis depend on the clinical presentation and the areas of the body involved. An infectious-disease specialist will likely be involved. A neurosurgeon may be consulted if surgical management is necessary. A neurologist may treat patients who experience seizures. Finally, an ophthalmologist may be needed in cases of eye involvement.
How do health-care professionals diagnose cysticercosis?
The diagnosis of cysticercosis can sometimes be difficult, as many individuals are asymptomatic, and the diagnosis is only made after patients have developed symptoms of the illness. Diagnosis may require a combination of tests and imaging studies. In general, however, the patient's clinical presentation along with abnormal radiographic imaging results (CT scan of the brain/MRI of the brain) lead to the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis. Blood testing can sometimes be used as an adjunct in making the diagnosis, though it is not always helpful or accurate. These tests are usually performed in more specialized labs. Rarely, a biopsy from affected tissue may be needed to make the diagnosis. Stool studies are sometimes also obtained because they may contain identifiable parasite eggs.