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- What is cysticercosis?
- What causes cysticercosis?
- What are risk factors for cysticercosis?
- How is cysticercosis transmitted?
- What is the incubation period for cysticercosis?
- Is cysticercosis contagious?
- What are cysticercosis symptoms and signs?
- What specialists treat cysticercosis?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose cysticercosis?
- What is the treatment for cysticercosis?
- What are the complications of cysticercosis?
- What is the prognosis of cysticercosis?
- Is it possible to prevent cysticercosis?
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What are cysticercosis symptoms and signs?
The symptoms will depend on the location and the number of cysticerci, though many individuals with cysticercosis will never develop any symptoms at all. The majority of patients with cysticercosis who present to a health-care professional have central nervous system involvement (neurocysticercosis or NCC). Symptoms of neurocysticercosis may include the following:
- Nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain
- Vision changes
- Balance problems
- Weakness or numbness
- Seizure (often the presenting symptom, occurs in about 70% of people with NCC)
Involvement of other body tissues may cause skeletal muscle swelling, subcutaneous cysts, and vision changes from cysts infecting the eyes.