GENERIC NAME: cyanocobalamine
BRAND NAME: Cobolin-M, Vitamin B12
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Cyanocobalamine or vitamin B12 is an essential B-vitamin. Cyanocobalamine is classified as a water-soluble vitamin. Food sources of vitamin B12 include fish, shellfish, meats, and dairy products. Vitamin B12 is necessary for growth, cell reproduction, production of red blood cells (hematopoiesis), and the production of myelin and nucleoprotein. Vitamin B12 also plays an important role in the breakdown or metabolism of fats and carbohydrates and has a role in protein synthesis. Vitamin B12 deficiency may result in anemia, gastrointestinal problems, and nerve damage. Cyanocobalamine is used to treat pernicious anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency. It is also used in the Schilling test to determine vitamin B12 absorption. Cyanocobalamine was approved by the FDA in 1949.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Cyanocobalamine injection is used to treat vitamin B12 deficiencies due to absorption problems (malabsorption) that may be associated with conditions such as pernicious anemia, folic acid deficiency, fish tapeworm infestation, cancers of the pancreas or bowel, and otherproblems.
SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects include
Other side effects are
Quick GuidePortion Control Tips: Lose Weight and Stick to Your Diet
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.