Table of Contents
- Croup facts
- What is croup? What causes croup?
- Is croup contagious? How does croup spread?
- What is the incubation period for croup?
- What are croup symptoms?
- How is the diagnosis of croup established?
- What is the treatment for croup? Are there home remedies for croup?
- How long is the contagious period for croup?
- What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
- Is it possible to prevent croup?
- What is the prognosis if my child develops croup?
Quick GuideChildhood Illnesses: A Parenting Guide to Sick Kids
What is croup? What causes croup?
Croup is an infectious pediatric illness of the respiratory system that involves predominantly the vocal cords (larynx) and windpipe (trachea), and to a lesser degree the upper airways of the lungs (bronchial tubes). The majority of a child's symptoms reflect involvement of the larynx. Croup is usually a viral infection and may be caused by many different viruses, including those responsible for the common cold and influenza. Rarely, it is caused by a bacterial infection. Croup is more common and concerning in children between 6 months and 3 years of age and rarely occurs in children over 6 years of age. It is more commonly seen from late fall through the early winter months. It has a slightly higher frequency in boys than in girls. Bacterial croup is an infection of the same structures that are affected during a viral process. Treatment varies depending on whether the child's illness is caused by a virus or a bacteria. Continue Reading
Malhotra, A., and L.R. Krilor. "Viral Croup." Pediatrics in Review 22.1 Jan. 2001: 5-12.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs)." Aug. 18, 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/parainfluenza/index.html>.
Woods, Charles R. "Patient Information: Croup in Infants and Children." UptoDate.com. Aug. 18, 2010. <http://www.uptodate.com/patients/content/topic.do?topicKey=~IJIXh1W5371lMy>. IMAGES:
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