Table of Contents
- Croup facts
- What is croup? What causes croup?
- Is croup contagious? How does croup spread?
- What is the incubation period for croup?
- What are croup symptoms?
- How is the diagnosis of croup established?
- What is the treatment for croup? Are there home remedies for croup?
- How long is the contagious period for croup?
- What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
- Is it possible to prevent croup?
- What is the prognosis if my child develops croup?
Quick GuideChildhood Diseases: Measles, Mumps, & More
What is croup? What causes croup?
Croup is an infectious pediatric illness of the respiratory system that involves predominantly the vocal cords (larynx) and windpipe (trachea), and to a lesser degree the upper airways of the lungs (bronchial tubes). The majority of a child's symptoms reflect involvement of the larynx. Croup is usually a viral infection and may be caused by many different viruses, including those responsible for the common cold and influenza. Rarely, it is caused by a bacterial infection. Croup is more common and concerning in children between 6 months and 3 years of age and rarely occurs in children over 6 years of age. It is more commonly seen from late fall through the early winter months. It has a slightly higher frequency in boys than in girls. Bacterial croup is an infection of the same structures that are affected during a viral process. Treatment varies depending on whether the child's illness is caused by a virus or a bacteria.
Malhotra, A., and L.R. Krilor. "Viral Croup." Pediatrics in Review 22.1 Jan. 2001: 5-12.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Human Parainfluenza Viruses (HPIVs)." Aug. 18, 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/parainfluenza/index.html>.
Woods, Charles R. "Patient Information: Croup in Infants and Children." UptoDate.com. Aug. 18, 2010. <http://www.uptodate.com/patients/content/topic.do?topicKey=~IJIXh1W5371lMy>. IMAGES: