Coxsackie Virus (cont.)

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What is the prognosis of Coxsackie virus infections?

Until recently, the general prognosis for most patients was excellent, with children making a complete recovery without needing any supportive care (hospitalization). However, this may be changing as evidenced by the outbreak in Alabama in 2011-2012 that required 12% percent of children hospitalized for supportive care. Only rarely do patients suffer poor outcomes with complications of meningitis, pericarditis, or encephalitis.

REFERENCES:

Blomqvist, S., P. Kemola, P., S. Kaijalainen, et al. "Co-circulation of Coxsackieviruses A6 and A10 in Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak in Finland." J. Clin. Virol. 48.1 May 2010: 49-54.

Mersch, John. "Hand Foot and Mouth (HFM) Disease." MedicineNet.com. Aug. 23, 2010. <http://www.medicinenet.com/hand-foot-and-mouth_syndrome/article.htm>.

Richer, M., and M. Horwitz. "Coxsackievirus Infection as an Environmental Factor in the Etiology of Type 1 Diabetes." Autoimmun. Rev. 8.7 June 2009: 611-615.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease." May 14, 2012. <http://www.cdc.gov/Features/HandFootMouthDisease/>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Notes from the Field: Severe Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Associated with Coxsackievirus A6 -- Alabama, Connecticut, California, and Nevada, November 2011–February 2012." MMWR 61.12 Mar. 30, 2012: 213-214. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6112a5.htm>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/23/2012

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