- Childhood Illnesses You Should Know Slideshow
- Enterovirus D68 Slideshow
- Bacterial Infections 101 Slideshow
- Patient Comments: Coxsackievirus - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Coxsackievirus - Experience
- Patient Comments: Coxsackievirus - Treatment
- Coxsackievirus facts
- What is a coxsackievirus?
- What are the types of coxsackieviruses, and what can they cause?
- Is the coxsackievirus contagious?
- How long are coxsackieviruses contagious?
- What is the incubation period for coxsackievirus infections?
- What are coxsackievirus infection symptoms and signs?
- How do people get infected with coxsackievirus?
- What are the risk factors for coxsackievirus infection?
- What specialists treat coxsackievirus infections?
- How do physicians diagnose coxsackievirus infections?
- Is there any treatment for coxsackievirus infection?
- Is it possible to prevent coxsackievirus infections?
- What is the prognosis of coxsackievirus infections?
Quick GuideChildhood Diseases: Measles, Mumps, & More
How do people get infected with coxsackievirus?
Infection usually is spread by fecal-oral contamination, although occasionally the virus is spread by droplets expelled by infected individuals. Items like utensils, diaper-changing tables, and toys that come in contact with body fluids that contain the virus may also transmit them to other individuals. Although people of any age, including adults, can get infected, the majority of patients with coxsackievirus infection are young children. Pregnant women can pass coxsackievirus to their newborns, which may cause serious problems for the newborn. So during pregnancy, women need to notify their obstetrician if they exhibit symptoms of the infection, especially if they are near their delivery date.
What are the risk factors for coxsackievirus infection?
Risk factors for coxsackievirus infection include physical contact with any patient with individuals with HFMD symptoms. Other risk factors include rural living conditions, association with children in child-care centers, and a large number of children in the family. Infectious virus can be found in feces, saliva, fluid in blisters, and nasal secretions. Even patients who have recovered and have no symptoms may still shed infectious virus for weeks. A fetus or newborn is at risk if their mother becomes infected near the delivery date. Pregnant women should avoid contact with HFMD patients. They should contact their OB/GYN physician if they develop any symptoms of HFMD.
What specialists treat coxsackievirus infections?
In most instances, if treatment is needed, it is done by the patient's pediatrician and/or primary-care physician. However, in severe cases, specialists in pediatric critical care and infectious diseases may be consulted. If severe complications develop (for example, carditis or pleurodynia), others like lung or cardiac specialists may be consulted.