Corticosteroids (Systemic, Oral and Injectable) (cont.)

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Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Synthetic corticosteroids mimic the actions of naturally occurring corticosteroids and may be used to replace corticosteroids in people with adrenal glands that are unable to produce adequate amounts of corticosteroids, however, they more often are used in higher-than-replacement doses to treat diseases of immunity, inflammation or salt and water balance.

Examples of synthetic corticosteroids include:

Some glucocorticoids also in addition to their anti-inflammatory actions have salt retaining properties but they are used mostly for their anti-inflammatory effects. Fludrocortisone (Florinef), a synthetic mineralocorticoid has strong salt retaining effects with significant anti-inflammatory actions, and is used mostly for it's salt retaining capabilities.

What are some examples of systemic (oral and injectable) corticosteroids?

The following is a list of the systemic (oral and injectable) corticosteroids that are available in the United States:


  • hydrocortisone (Cortef)
  • cortisone
  • ethamethasoneb (Celestone)
  • prednisone (Prednisone Intensol)
  • prednisolone (Orapred, Prelone)
  • triamcinolone (Aristospan Intra-Articular, Aristospan Intralesional, Kenalog) Methylprednisolone (Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol)
  • dexamethasone (Dexamethasone Intensol, DexPak 10 Day, DexPak 13 Day, DexPak 6 Day)
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/15/2014

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