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- Patient Comments: Corneal Disease - Symptoms and Signs
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- What is the cornea?
- What are the different types of corneal disease?
- What are the causes and risk factors of corneal disease?
- What are the signs and symptoms of corneal disease?
- What types of health care specialists diagnose and treat corneal disease?
- How do health care professionals diagnose corneal disease?
- What is the treatment for corneal disease?
- What are the potential complications of corneal disease?
- Is it possible to prevent corneal disease?
What are the potential complications of corneal disease?
Many corneal diseases are treatable and have a good prognosis. However, vision loss and chronic eye pain are potential complications of corneal disease so it is important to review treatment options carefully with an eye doctor.
Is it possible to prevent corneal disease?
Many corneal diseases are preventable by reducing risk factors. For example, maintaining optimal eye health (with good hygiene and regular vaccinations) is the best prevention against many infectious diseases. For example, there are vaccines available to reduce the severity and frequency of shingles, which can result in an eye herpes infection called herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Contact lens wear can make individuals especially susceptible to serious corneal infections, so people should clean contact lenses as directed. Glasses and sunglasses with 100% ultraviolet block can protect against growths that are associated with sun exposure, such as pterygium, and eye surface cancers. Safety glasses should be worn when warranted to prevent trauma. A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids and sufficient vitamin A may help maintain a healthy tear film, thus minimizing dry eye symptoms. Reviewing one's family's ocular health history is helpful in looking for hereditary conditions. Regular eye examinations are important for detecting eye diseases at their earliest stages.
Krachmer, Jay H., et al. Cornea: Fundamentals, Diagnosis and Management. 3rd edition. Mosby, 2010.
Randleman, J.B., S.S. Khandelwal, and F. Hafezi. "Corneal cross-linking." Surv Ophthalmol 60.6 Nov.-Dec. 2015: 509-523.
Reidy, James J. Basic and Clinical Course 2010-2011 Section 8: External Disease and Cornea. Revised edition. American Academy of Ophthalmology, 2010.