COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Lung Cancer Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung...learn more »
  • Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) causes are either primary (aquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycythemia (High Red Blood Cell Count) Article
    • Polycythemia facts
    • What is polycythemia?
    • What are normal ranges of hematocrit, red cell counts, and hemoglobin?
    • What causes polycythemia?
    • What are the causes of primary polycythemia?
    • What are the common causes of secondary polycythemia?
    • Can other sources of Erythropoietin (EPO) cause polycythemia?
    • What is relative polycythemia?
    • What is stress polycythemia?
    • What are the risk factors for polycythemia?
    • What are the symptoms of polycythemia?
    • When should I see a doctor about polycythemia?
    • How is polycythemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polycythemia?
    • What are the complications of polycythemia?
    • Can polycythemia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for polycythemia?
  • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chest Pain Article
    • Chest pain facts
    • Chest pain introduction
    • What are the sources of chest pain?
    • What are the causes of chest pain?
    • How is chest pain diagnosed?
    • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
    • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
    • Broken or bruised ribs
    • Costochondritis
    • Pleuritis or pleurisy
    • Pneumothorax
    • Shingles
    • Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
    • Pericarditis
    • Aorta and aortic dissection
    • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
    • Referred abdominal pain
  • Cough Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cough Article
    • What is chronic cough?
    • What are causes of chronic cough?
    • What are the different types of coughs?
    • How is chronic cough treated?
    • Are there home remedies for chronic cough?
    • Can chronic cough be prevented?
  • Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs) Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are premature heartbeats originating from the ventricles of the heart. PVCs are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs) Article
    • What are premature ventricular contractions (PVCs)?
    • What happens during a premature ventricular contraction?
    • How common are premature ventricular contractions?
    • What causes premature ventricular contractions?
    • What are premature ventricular contraction symptoms?
    • What are the dangers of premature ventricular contractions?
    • How is premature ventricular contraction diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for premature ventricular contractions?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Pneumothorax A pneumothorax is free air in the chest outside the lung, that causes the lung to collapse (collapsed lung). There are two types...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumothorax Article
    • Pneumothorax facts
    • What is a pneumothorax?
    • What are the types of pneumothorax?
    • What causes a pneumothorax?
    • Who is at risk for pneumothorax?
    • What is tension pneumothorax?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pneumothorax?
    • How is pneumothorax diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pneumothorax?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of pneumothorax?
  • Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least three months, two years in a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Bronchitis Article
    • Bronchitis facts
    • What is bronchitis?
    • What is acute bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?
    • What is chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the causes of chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the risk factors for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for chronic bronchitis?
    • How is chronic bronchitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic bronchitis?
    • What are the complications of chronic bronchitis?
    • Can chronic bronchitis be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for chronic bronchitis?
  • Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pneumonia Article
    • Pneumonia facts
    • What is pneumonia?
    • What are the different types of pneumonia?
    • What causes pneumonia?
    • What are risk factors for pneumonia?
    • What are pneumonia symptoms and signs?
    • How do doctors diagnose pneumonia?
    • What is the treatment for pneumonia?
    • What are complications of pneumonia?
    • What is the prognosis of pneumonia?
    • Is it possible to prevent pneumonia? Is there a pneumonia vaccine?
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary hypertension is an abnormal elevation of the pressure in the pulmonary circulation caused by the constriction of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pulmonary Hypertension Article
    • What are pulmonary arteries?
    • What is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are primary and secondary pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes pulmonary hypertension?
    • What causes primary pulmonary hypertension?
    • How common is pulmonary hypertension?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension?
    • How is pulmonary hypertension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pulmonary hypertension?
    • What is the life expectancy for pulmonary hypertension?
  • ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung condition in which trauma to the lungs leads to inflammation of the lungs,...learn more »
    In This Article
    ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Article
    • ARDS facts*
    • What is ARDS?
    • ARDS overview
    • What are other names for ARDS?
    • What causes ARDS?
    • Who is at risk for ARDS?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ARDS?
    • How is ARDS diagnosed?
    • How is ARDS treated?
    • What are the complications from ARDS?
    • Living with ARDS
    • What is the prognosis of ARDS?
  • Asthma Medications There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators....learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Medications Article
    • Who is a candidate for asthma medication?
    • What are controller medications for asthma (long-term control)?
    • What are rescue medications for asthma (short-term control)?
    • What are the different forms of asthma medications (pills, inhalers, nebulizers)?
    • What are the specific controller medications for asthma?
    • What are asthma medication guidelines?
    • What are over-the-counter asthma medications?
    • What are the potential risks and side effects of asthma medications?
    • What kinds of asthma medications are used in children and toddlers?
    • What kinds of asthma medications are safe to use in pregnancy?
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disorder that may cause liver and lung disease in adults. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Article
    • What is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of lung disease caused by alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How common is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What genes are related to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • How do people inherit alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
    • What other names do people use for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
  • Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking....learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay Article
    • Smoker's lung introduction
    • What is the structure of the normal lung?
    • What processes determine normal function of the lung?
    • What are the abnormalities (diseases) in smoker's lung?
    • What happens to the lung in emphysema?
    • How does emphysema come about?
    • Why does smoker's lung look black?
    • What happens to the airways in chronic bronchitis?
    • Are smokers with COPD predisposed to developing pneumonia?
    • What about lung cancer in smokers?
    • Are any of the pulmonary consequences of smoking reversible?
    • From what do smokers die?
  • Asthma Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What causes asthma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
    • How is asthma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for asthma?
    • What is an asthma action plan?
    • What is the prognosis for asthma?
    • Can asthma be prevented?
  • Nicotine Nicotine is delivered to the brain through smoking, chewing, or sniffing tobacco. Nicotine is an addictive agent. Common names...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nicotine Article
    • What is tobacco addiction?
    • Is nicotine addictive?
    • Is nicotine the only harmful part of tobacco?
    • How is tobacco used?
    • What are the common street names for cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah smoking?
    • How many teens smoke or use tobacco products?
    • How does tobacco deliver its effects?
    • What happens when someone uses tobacco for long periods of time?
    • What are other adverse health effects of smoking and tobacco abuse?
    • Smoking and pregnancy: What are the risks?
    • How is tobacco addiction treated?
    • What if a person wants to quit smoking or using tobacco?
  • Asthma Complexities There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma Complexities Article
    • Asthma complexities facts
    • Unusual symptoms of asthma
    • Can a cough without wheezing be due to asthma?
    • Nocturnal asthma
    • Masqueraders of asthma
    • Cardiac asthma
    • Other bronchial conditions
    • Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD)
    • Other hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions
    • Exercise and sports
    • Exercise-induced asthma (EIA)
    • What causes exercise-induced asthma?
    • What sports are best suited for exercise induced asthma? What sports are not?
    • Ways to prevent and treat exercise-induced asthma
    • Conditions that may worsen asthma
    • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    • The allergic rhinitis-asthma connection
    • Sinusitis and asthma
    • Air pollution
    • Food allergy
  • Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Secondhand Smoke Article
    • Secondhand smoke facts
    • What is secondhand smoke?
    • What causes secondhand smoke?
    • What are the health risks of secondhand smoke?
    • Lung cancer and secondhand smoke
    • Cardiovascular disease and secondhand smoke
    • Other lung diseases and secondhand smoke
    • Secondhand smoke and other effects on children
    • Secondhand smoke and the effects on pregnant women
    • Secondhand smoke and the possible link to breast cancer
    • Is there a safe level of secondhand smoke?
    • What can be done about secondhand smoke exposure?
    • What is thirdhand smoke?
  • Lung Anatomy The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lung Anatomy Article
    • Lung anatomy facts
    • What does breathing accomplish?
    • What are the lungs?
    • What is the structure of the respiratory system?
    • How is air moved into and out of the lungs during respiration?
    • How does gas exchange occur?
    • What are other important events during the breathing cycle?
  • Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds If you have a COPD such as emphysema, avoiding chronic bronchitis and colds is important to avoid a more severe respiratory...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds Article
    • Introduction
    • What is emphysema and chronic bronchitis?
    • What happens with emphysema and chronic bronchitis and colds?
    • Why should I take colds seriously with emphysema or chronic bronchitis?
    • Which cold treatment should I use with emphysema or chronic bronchitis?
    • Can I prevent colds if I have emphysema or chronic bronchitis?
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?